Update: 29-Dec-2016


Title:
Collisions in outer space produced an icosahedral phase in the Khatyrka meteorite never observed previously in the laboratory
Authors:
Bindi, L; Lin, C; Ma, C; Steinhardt, PJ Author Full Names: Bindi, Luca; Lin, Chaney; Ma, Chi; Steinhardt, Paul J.
Source:
Scientific Reports, 6 10.1038/srep38117 DEC 8 2016
Abstract:
We report the first occurrence of an icosahedral quasicrystal with composition Al-62.0(8) Cu-31.2(8) Fe-6.8(4), outside the measured equilibrium stability field at standard pressure of the previously reported Al-Cu-Fe quasicrystal (AlxCuyFez, with x between 61 and 64, y between 24 and 26, z between 12 and 13%). The new icosahedral mineral formed naturally and was discovered in the Khatyrka meteorite, a recently described CV3 carbonaceous chondrite that experienced shock metamorphism, local melting (with conditions exceeding 5 GPa and 1,200 degrees C in some locations), and rapid cooling, all of which likely resulted from impact-induced shock in space. This is the first example of a quasicrystal composition discovered in nature prior to being synthesized in the laboratory. The new composition was found in a grain that has a separate metal assemblage containing icosahedrite (Al63Cu24Fe13), currently the only other known naturally occurring mineral with icosahedral symmetry (though the latter composition had already been observed in the laboratory prior to its discovery in nature). The chemistry of both the icosahedral phases was characterized by electron microprobe, and the rotational symmetry was confirmed by means of electron backscatter diffraction.

Title:
Spin-lattice coupling mediated multiferroicity in (ND4)(2)FeCl5 center dot D2O
Authors:
Tian, W; Cao, H; Wang, J; Ye, F; Matsuda, M; Yan, JQ; Liu, Y; Garlea, VO; Agrawal, HK; Chakoumakos, BC; Sales, BC; Fishman, RS; Fernandez-Baca, JA Author Full Names: Tian, W.; Cao, Huibo; Wang, Jincheng; Ye, Feng; Matsuda, M.; Yan, J. -Q.; Liu, Yaohua; Garlea, V. O.; Agrawal, Harish K.; Chakoumakos, B. C.; Sales, B. C.; Fishman, Randy S.; Fernandez-Baca, J. A.
Source:
PHYSICAL REVIEW B, 94 (21):10.1103/PhysRevB.94.214405 DEC 7 2016
Abstract:
We report a neutron diffraction study of the multiferroic mechanism in (ND4)(2)FeCl5 center dot D2O, a molecular compound that exhibits magnetically induced ferroelectricity. This material exhibits two successive magnetic transitions on cooling: a long-range order transition to an incommensurate (IC) collinear sinusoidal spin state at T-N = 7.3 K, followed by a second transition to an IC cycloidal spin state at T-FE = 6.8 K, the latter of which is accompanied by spontaneous ferroelectric polarization. The cycloid structure is strongly distorted by spin-lattice coupling, as evidenced by the observations of both odd and even higher-order harmonics associated with the cycloid wave vector, and a weak commensurate phase that coexists with the IC phase. The second-order harmonic appears at TFE, thereby providing unambiguous evidence that the onset of the electric polarization is accompanied by a lattice modulation due to spin-lattice interaction. The neutron results, in conjunction with the negative thermal expansion and large magnetostriction observed in Ref. [19], indicate that spin-lattice coupling plays a critical role in the ferroelectric mechanism of (ND4)(2)FeCl5 center dot D2O.

Title:
Hofstadter butterfly of a quasicrystal
Authors:
Fuchs, JN; Vidal, J Author Full Names: Fuchs, Jean-Noel; Vidal, Julien
Source:
PHYSICAL REVIEW B, 94 (20):10.1103/PhysRevB.94.205437 NOV 28 2016
Abstract:
The energy spectrum of a tight-binding Hamiltonian is studied for the two-dimensional quasiperiodic Rauzy tiling in a perpendicular magnetic field. This spectrum known as a Hofstadter butterfly displays a very rich pattern of bulk gaps that are labeled by four integers, instead of two for periodic systems. The role of phason-flip disorder is also investigated in order to extract genuinely quasiperiodic properties. This geometric disorder is found to only preserve main quantum Hall gaps.

Title:
Magnetic field-temperature phase diagrams of multiferroic (Ni0.9Co0.1)(3)V2O8
Authors:
Qureshi, N; Ressouche, E; Mukhin, AA; Ivanov, VY; Barilo, SN; Shiryaev, SV; Skumryev, V Author Full Names: Qureshi, N.; Ressouche, E.; Mukhin, A. A.; Ivanov, V. Yu.; Barilo, S. N.; Shiryaev, S. V.; Skumryev, V.
Source:
PHYSICAL REVIEW B, 94 (17):10.1103/PhysRevB.94.174441 NOV 28 2016
Abstract:
We present macroscopic and neutron diffraction data on multiferroic lightly Co doped Ni3V2O8. The magnetic H-T phase diagrams have been derived from magnetization and electric polarization measurements with field directions parallel to the principal crystallographic axes. While the phase diagram for H parallel to b is very similar to that of the parent compound Ni3V2O8 for the commonly involved phases, the zero-field phases in (Ni0.9Co0.1)(3)V2O8 show a stronger instability for applied magnetic fields along the a or c axis. Neutron single-crystal diffraction revealed the magnetic structure of the field-induced phase for H parallel to c with a collinear spin alignment along the a and b axes for the two magnetically inequivalent sites. A pronounced irreversibility has been observed for the transition between the zero-field spin cycloid and the field-induced phase, which is manifested in a propagation vector change from q = (0.322 0 0) to q = (0.306 0 0), with slight modifications of the magnetic structure after reentering the zero-field phase. The reentrant phase is characterized by a significantly larger b component of the cross-tie site spin, therefore showing remanent features of the high-field phase. For H parallel to a the magnetization data reveal anomalies, one of which was proved to reflect a field-induced transition from the cycloidally to the sinusoidally modulated magnetic structure.

Update: 21-Dec-2016


Title:
Enhancement of glass-forming ability and mechanical property of Zr-based Zr-Al-Ni bulk metallic glasses with addition of Pd
Authors:
Hua, NB; Chen, WZ Author Full Names: Hua, Nengbin; Chen, Wenzhe
Source:
JOURNAL OF ALLOYS AND COMPOUNDS, 693 816-824; 10.1016/j.jallcom.2016.09.263 FEB 5 2017
Abstract:
The effects of partial substitution of Ni by Pd in the high-Zr-based Zr65Al10Ni25-xPdx (at.%, x = 0, 5 and 10) alloys on their glass-forming ability (GFA), crystallization kinetics and mechanical property were investigated. The critical diameter for glass formation is increased from 3 mm for Zr65Al10Ni25 alloy to 5 mm for Zr65Al10Ni15Pd10. An icosahedral quasicrystal phase precipitates in the amorphous matrix in the first crystallization step of Zr-Al-Ni-Pd BMGs, implying that strong icosahedral short/medium-range order (IS/MRO) may exist in the Pd-containing alloys. In additional, Pd-bearing Zr-based BMGs present a lower Avrami exponent n indicating the higher stabilization of the supercooled liquid. Moreover, the Zr-Al-Ni-Pd BMGs exhibit larger compressive plasticity, higher notch toughness and Poisson's ratio than those of Zr65Al10Ni25 alloy, which can be correlated with the existence of strong IS/MRO clusters in amorphous phase. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Title:
Microstructure evolution and mechanical properties of quasicrystal-reinforced Mg-Zn-Y alloy subjected to ultrasonic vibration
Authors:
Fang, XG; Wu, SS; Lu, SL; Wang, J; Yang, X Author Full Names: Fang, Xiaogang; Wu, Shusen; Lu, Shulin; Wang, Jing; Yang, Xiong
Source:
MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING A-STRUCTURAL MATERIALS PROPERTIES MICROSTRUCTURE AND PROCESSING, 679 372-378; 10.1016/j.msea.2016.10.035 JAN 2 2017
Abstract:
Although the icosahedral quasicrystal phase found in Mg-Zn-Y alloys has some outstanding characteristics, the coarse alpha-Mg dendrites and the agglomeration of the secondary phases in as-cast microstructure restrict the improvements in the mechanical properties. In this study, the semisolid slurry of Mg-6Zn-1.4Y alloy was obtained with ultrasonic vibration (UV) treatment and then formed by rheo-squeeze casting (RSC) process. The effects of UV on the microstructure evolution and mechanical properties were systematically investigated. With UV, primary a-Mg grains and the agglomerated Mg-Zn-Y compounds were significantly refined. Notably, a large mass of fine and granular quasicrystal I-phase particles precipitate in the grains at the later stage of solidification. The RSC alloy subjected to 6 W/mL UV exhibited the optimal mechanical properties, with the yield strength of 129 MPa, the ultimate tensile strength of 231 MPa and the elongation of 18.5%. Compared with the samples without UV, they are increased by 18.3%, 14.9% and 55.5%, respectively.

Title:
Intertwined nematic orders in a frustrated ferromagnet
Authors:
Iqbal, Y; Ghosh, P; Narayanan, R; Kumar, B; Reuther, J; Thomale, R Author Full Names: Iqbal, Yasir; Ghosh, Pratyay; Narayanan, Rajesh; Kumar, Brijesh; Reuther, Johannes; Thomale, Ronny
Source:
PHYSICAL REVIEW B, 94 (22):10.1103/PhysRevB.94.224403 DEC 2 2016
Abstract:
We investigate the quantum phases of the frustrated spin-1/2 J(1)-J(2)-J(3) Heisenberg model on the square lattice with ferromagnetic J(1) and antiferromagnetic J(2) and J(3) interactions. Using the pseudofermion functional renormalization group technique, we find an intermediate paramagnetic phase located between classically ordered ferromagnetic, stripy antiferromagnetic, and incommensurate spiral phases. We observe that quantum fluctuations lead to significant shifts of the spiral pitch angles compared to the classical limit. By computing the response of the system with respect to various spin rotation and lattice symmetry-breaking perturbations, we identify a complex interplay between different nematic spin states in the paramagnetic phase. While retaining time-reversal invariance, these phases either break spin-rotation symmetry, lattice-rotation symmetry, or a combination of both. We therefore propose the J(1)-J(2)-J(3) Heisenberg model on the square lattice as a paradigmatic example where different intimately connected types of nematic orders emerge in the same model.

Title:
Cation distribution in nanocrystalline (Co, Ni)Al2O4 Spinel
Authors:
Agarwal, H; Yadav, TP; Srivastava, ON; Shaz, MA Author Full Names: Agarwal, Harshit; Yadav, T. P.; Srivastava, O. N.; Shaz, M. A.
Source:
CERAMICS INTERNATIONAL, 42 (16):19429-19432; 10.1016/j.ceramint.2016.08.193 DEC 2016
Abstract:
In the present study, the cations Co2+/Ni2+ and Al3+ distribution in nanocrystalline (Co, Ni)Al2O4 spinel have been investigated using X-ray and transmission electron microscopy. The nanocrystalline (Co, Ni) Al2O4 spinet has been synthesized using mechanically activated Al70Co15Ni15 quasicrystalline precursor through annealing at 600 degrees C in controlled oxygen atmosphere. The mechanical activation of single phasic decagonal Al70Co15Ni15 quasicrystal was carried out in a high energy attritor ball mill for 40 h with 40:1 ball to powder ratio using toluene as a process control agent. The high resolution x-ray diffraction data has been refined by the Rietveld method using JANA2006 and subsequently, the corresponding structure has been constructed using Diamond4.0. The structure was also confirmed by analysis of transmission electron microscopy linearized diffraction pattern profile of D-values and corresponding plane. These analyses indicate that the cations Co2+ and Ni2+ distributed in the tetrahedral coordinated sites are the dominant species in the normal spinel phase. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd and Techna Group S.r.l. All rights reserved.

Title:
Commensurate Superstructure of the {Cu(NO3)(H2O)}(HTae)(Bpy) Coordination Polymer: An Example of 2D Hydrogen-Bonding Networks as Magnetic Exchange Pathway
Authors:
de Luis, RF; Larrea, ES; Orive, J; Lezama, L; Arriortua, MI Author Full Names: Fernandez de Luis, Roberto; Larrea, Edurne S.; Orive, Joseba; Lezama, Luis; Arriortua, Maria I.
Source:
INORGANIC CHEMISTRY, 55 (22):11662-11675; 10.1021/acs.inorgchem.6b01199 NOV 21 2016
Abstract:
The average and commensurate superstructures of the one-dimensional coordination polymer {Cu(NO3)(H2O)}(HTae)(Bpy) (H(2)Tae = 1,1,2,2-tetraacetylethane, Bpy = 4,4'-bipyridine) were determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction, and the possible symmetry relations between the space group of the average structure and the superstructure were checked. The crystal structure consists in parallel and oblique {Cu(HTae)(Bpy)} zigzag metal organic chains stacked along the [100] crystallographic direction. The origin of the fivefold c axis in the commensurate superstructure is ascribed to a commensurate modulation of the coordination environment of the copper atoms. The commensurately ordered nitrate groups and coordinated water molecules establish a twodimensional hydrogen-bonding network. Moreover, the crystal structure shows a commensurate to incommensurate transition at room temperature. The release of the coordination water molecules destabilizes the crystal framework, and the compound shows an irreversible structure transformation above 100 degrees C. Despite the loss of crystallinity, the spectroscopic studies indicate that the main building blocks of the crystal framework are retained after the transformation. The hydrogen-bonding network not only plays a crucial role stabilizing the crystal structure but also is an important pathway for magnetic exchange transmission. In fact, the magnetic susceptibility curves indicate that after the loss of coordinated water molecules, and hence the collapse of the hydrogen-bonding network, the weak anti-ferromagnetic coupling observed in the initial compound is broken. The electron paramagnetic resonance spectra are the consequence of the average signals from Cu(II) with different orientations, indicating that the magnetic coupling is effective between them. In fact, X- and Q-band data are reflecting different situations; the X-band spectra show the characteristics of an exchange g-tensor, while the Qband signals are coming from both the exchange and the molecular g-tensors.

Title:
The Moment Series Expansion for Quasicrystal with Phason Disorder
Authors:
Buganski, I; Strzalka, R; Wolny, J Author Full Names: Buganski, I.; Strzalka, R.; Wolny, J.
Source:
ACTA PHYSICA POLONICA A, 130 (4):833-835; 10.12693/APhysPolA.130.833 OCT 2016
Abstract:
The novel method for structural analysis of quasicrystals with phason flips is presented. The correction for diffraction peaks' intensities can be made within average unit cell approach by modification of the statistical distribution of atomic positions. Characteristic function of the distribution expanded into moment series, involving only even moments, estimates the envelope function and therefore the flip ratio can be evaluated.

Title:
Crystal Structure of the High Temperature Phase of Strontium Barium Niobate
Authors:
Paszkowski, R; Zubko, M; Wokulska, K; Kusz, J; Dec, J Author Full Names: Paszkowski, R.; Zubko, M.; Wokulska, K.; Kusz, J.; Dec, J.
Source:
ACTA PHYSICA POLONICA A, 130 (4):856-858; 10.12693/APhysPolA.130.856 OCT 2016
Abstract:
Pure and undoped strontium-barium niobate Sr0.40Ba0.60Nb2O6 (SBN40) single crystals grown by the Czochralski method were investigated by single crystal X-ray diffraction methods. The study below T-C (429 K for SBN40) confirmed the structure with P4bm space group. Above this temperature the structure transforms into the paraelectric, centrosymmetric one with P4/mbm space group. Analysis of the recorded diffraction patterns allowed to observe several signs of crystal structure modulation. On the registered diffraction images satellite reflections were found. A modulation vector q = (delta, +/-delta,), where delta = 0.3075(6) (at room temperature) was found and it was similar to that occurring in the SBN61. In addition, above the phase transition temperature on the (hk) planes with l integer a weak diffuse scattering was observed.

Title:
Solution and Refinement of Magnetic Structures with Jana2006
Authors:
Petricek, V; Henriques, MS; Dusek, M Author Full Names: Petricek, V.; Henriques, M. S.; Dusek, M.
Source:
ACTA PHYSICA POLONICA A, 130 (4):848-851; 10.12693/APhysPolA.130.848 OCT 2016
Abstract:
The program Jana2006 allows the solution and refinement of regular, twinned, modulated, and composite structures against different diffraction data sets. Recently a new option for solving and refining magnetic structures from powder and single crystal neutron diffraction data has been developed.

Title:
Fitting the Long-Range Order of a Decagonal Quasicrystal
Authors:
Chodyn, M; Kuczera, P; Wolny, J Author Full Names: Chodyn, M.; Kuczera, P.; Wolny, J.
Source:
ACTA PHYSICA POLONICA A, 130 (4):845-847; 10.12693/APhysPolA.130.845 OCT 2016
Abstract:
The generalized Penrose tiling is an infinite set of decagonal tilings. It is constructed with the same rhombs (thick and thin) as the conventional Penrose tiling, but its long-range order depends on the so-called shift parameter s is an element of < 0,1). The formula for structure factor, calculated within the average unit cell approach, works in physical space only and is directly dependent on the s parameter. It allows to straightforwardly change the long-range order of the refined structure just by changing the s parameter and keeping the tile decoration unchanged. The possibility and viability of using the shift as one of the refinement parameters during structure refinement was tested for a numerically generated simple binary decagonal quasicrystal.

Title:
Simple Decoration Model of Icosahedral Quasicrystals in Statistical Approach
Authors:
Strzalka, R; Buganski, I; Wolny, J Author Full Names: Strzalka, R.; Buganski, I.; Wolny, J.
Source:
ACTA PHYSICA POLONICA A, 130 (4):841-844; 10.12693/APhysPolA.130.841 OCT 2016
Abstract:
The statistical approach based on the average unit cell concept was recently successfully applied to structural modelling of icosahedral quasicrystals. The structure factor for arbitrarily decorated icosahedral structure was derived for model Ammann tiling (3D Penrose tiling). It is a fully physical-space model where no higher-dimensional description is needed. In the present paper we show the application of the model to the so-called simple decoration scheme - atomic decoration in the nodes, at mid-edges and along body-diagonal of structural units of 3D Penrose tiling. By analyzing the obtained calculated diffraction patterns we show the correctness of the model and its applicability to binary and ternary icosahedral phases.

Title:
Phononic and Phasonic Debye-Waller Factors for 1D Quasicrystals
Authors:
Wolny, J; Buganski, I; Strzalka, R Author Full Names: Wolny, J.; Buganski, I.; Strzalka, R.
Source:
ACTA PHYSICA POLONICA A, 130 (4):836-840; 10.12693/APhysPolA.130.836 OCT 2016
Abstract:
The main purpose of crystallography is to solve and refine crystal structures based on measured diffraction data. One of important corrections crucial in the refinement process is the Debye-Waller factor correction for phonons in physical, and phasons in perpendicular space. In our paper we show the limitations of the standard approaches to the Debye-Waller correction in case of quasicrystals and propose new approach based on the statistical method. For the model 1D quasicrystal we show that in case of phonons there is no significant objection against classical (exponential) Debye-Waller factor, however using different forms can slightly improve the results of a refinement. In case of phasons the classical formula gives no rise to the efficiency of the refinement and completely new approach is required. We propose a redefinition of the Debye-Waller factor in terms of the statistical approach and show its effectiveness.

Title:
Precession Electron Diffraction Studies of SrxBa1-xNb2O6 and CaxBa1-xNb2O6 Single Crystals
Authors:
Wspaniala-Rak, J; Zubko, M; Stroz, D; Rak, J; Dec, J Author Full Names: Wspaniala-Rak, J.; Zubko, M.; Stroz, D.; Rak, J.; Dec, J.
Source:
ACTA PHYSICA POLONICA A, 130 (4):830-832; 10.12693/APhysPolA.130.830 OCT 2016
Abstract:
Crystal structures of two single crystals SrxBa1-xNb2O6 and CaxBa1-xNb2O6 have been reinvestigated using automated electron diffraction tomography method with beam precession. 3D reciprocal space has been reconstructed based on recorded tilt series. For both samples the crystal structure was refined and the tetragonal symmetry with space group P4bm was confirmed. The three dimensional reciprocal space allowed to observe and to study satellite reflections in both materials.

Title:
FOUR-DIMENSIONAL INCOMMENSURATELY MODULATED STRUCTURE OF THULIUM POLYPHOSPHATE
Authors:
Ma, FX; Zhao, D; Yang, H; Chen, PF; Yang, RJ; Wu, SX Author Full Names: Ma, Fa-Xue; Zhao, Dan; Yang, Hong; Chen, Peng-Fei; Yang, Rui-Juan; Wu, Shan-Xuan
Source:
JOURNAL OF THE CHILEAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY, 61 (2):3005-3008; JUN 2016
Abstract:
Single crystal of rare-earth polyphosphate Tm(PO3)(3) has been grown under high temperature molten-salt method and structurally characterized by single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. Using the four-dimensional superspace formalism for aperiodic structures, we performed the crystal structure refinement of Tm(PO3)(3) as (3+ 1)-dimensional incommensurately modulated structure with monoclinic superspace group C2/c(0, 0.358,0)s0 and a = 14.0620 (12)angstrom, b = 6.6612 (6) angstrom, c = 10.0191 (9) angstrom, beta = 127.6043 (9)degrees, V = 743.51 (11) angstrom(3), Z = 4, M-r = 405.8, D-c = 3.626 g/cm(3), F(000) = 744, mu((MoKa)) = 12.60 mm(-1), R = 0.048 and omega R = 0.050. The structure features infinite chains of corner-sharing PO4 tetrahedra which are affected by positional modulation running along the b-axis. The final structure model was reasonable and did not show any unusual features.

Update: 14-Dec-2016


Title:
Soft-phonon-driven orbital order in CaMn7O12
Authors:
Souliou, SM; Li, Y; Du, X; Le Tacon, M; Bosak, A Author Full Names: Souliou, S. M.; Li, Y.; Du, X.; Le Tacon, M.; Bosak, A.
Source:
PHYSICAL REVIEW B, 94 (18):10.1103/PhysRevB.94.184309 NOV 22 2016
Abstract:
We use variable-temperature x-ray thermal diffuse scattering and inelastic scattering to investigate the lattice dynamics in single crystals of multiferroic CaMn7O12 which undergo a series of orbital and magnetic transitions at low temperatures. Upon approaching the charge and orbital ordering temperature T-o = 250 K from above, we observe intense diffuse scattering features and a pronounced optical phonon softening centered around the superstructure reflections of the incommensurately modulated structure. The phonon anomaly appears well above T-o and continuously increases upon cooling, following a canonical power-law temperature dependence that confirms the transition at T-o to be of second order and related to a soft-phonon lattice instability. Microscopic mechanisms for the incommensurate charge and orbital ordering based on competing interactions and on momentum-dependent electron-phonon coupling could both account for the observed extended momentum width of the phonon softening. Our results highlight the importance of the lattice interactions in the physics of this magnetically induced ferroelectric system.

Title:
High-Pressure Phase Transformations in TiPO4: A Route to Pentacoordinated Phosphorus
Authors:
Bykov, M; Bykova, E; Hanfland, M; Liermann, HP; Kremer, RK; Glaum, R; Dubrovinsky, L; van Smaalen, S Author Full Names: Bykov, Maxim; Bykova, Elena; Hanfland, Michael; Liermann, Hanns-Peter; Kremer, Reinhard K.; Glaum, Robert; Dubrovinsky, Leonid; van Smaalen, Sander
Source:
ANGEWANDTE CHEMIE-INTERNATIONAL EDITION, 55 (48):15053-15057; 10.1002/anie.201608530 NOV 21 2016
Abstract:
Titanium(III) phosphate, TiPO4, is a typical example of an oxyphosphorus compound containing covalent P-O bonds. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction studies of TiPO4 reveal complex and unexpected structural and chemical behavior as a function of pressure at room temperature. A series of phase transitions lead to the high-pressure phase V, which is stable above 46 GPa and features an unusual oxygen coordination of the phosphorus atoms. TiPO4-V is the first inorganic phosphorus-containing compound that exhibits fivefold coordination with oxygen. Up to the highest studied pressure of 56 GPa, TiPO4-V coexists with TiPO4-IV, which is less dense and might be kinetically stabilized. Above a pressure of about 6 GPa, TiPO4-II is found to be an incommensurately modulated phase whereas a lock-in transition at about 7 GPa leads to TiPO4-III with a fourfold superstructure compared to the structure of TiPO4-I at ambient conditions. TiPO4-II and TiPO4-III are similar to the corresponding low-temperature incommensurate and commensurate magnetic phases and reflect the strong pressure dependence of the spin-Peierls interactions.

Title:
Influence of elastic strain gradient on the upper limit of flexocoupling strength, spatially modulated phases, and soft phonon dispersion in ferroics
Authors:
Morozovska, AN; Eliseev, EA; Scherbakov, CM; Vysochanskii, YM Author Full Names: Morozovska, Anna N.; Eliseev, Eugene A.; Scherbakov, Christian M.; Vysochanskii, Yulian M.
Source:
PHYSICAL REVIEW B, 94 (17):10.1103/PhysRevB.94.174112 NOV 21 2016
Abstract:
Using the Landau-Ginzburg-Devonshire theory, we established the role of the flexoelectric coupling between the gradients of elastic strain and polarization in the stability of spatially modulated phases in ferroics, such as incipient and proper ferroelectrics with commensurate and incommensurate long-range-ordered phases. We included the square of elastic strain gradient in the Landau-Ginzburg-Devonshire functional because this term provides the functional stability for all values of the strain gradient. Analytical expressions for polarization, strain, dielectric susceptibility, and stability threshold were derived for a one-dimensional case. The expressions show that the maximal possible values of the static flexoelectric effect coefficients (upper limits) established by Yudin, Ahluwalia, and Tagantsev without the square of elastic strain gradient and other higher order gradients terms lose their direct meaning. Considering the gradients, the temperature dependent condition for the flexocoupling magnitude exists instead of the upper limits. Also, we established that spatially modulated phases appear and become stable in commensurate ferroelectrics if the flexocoupling constant exceeds a critical value. The critical value depends on the electrostriction and elastic constants, temperature, and gradient coefficients in the Landau-Ginzburg-Devonshire functional. We calculated soft phonon dispersion in commensurate and incommensurate long-range-ordered phases of ferroelectrics with the square of elastic strain gradient, static, and dynamic flexocoupling. It appeared that the dispersion of the optical mode is slightly sensitive to the flexocoupling, and the dispersion of acoustic mode strongly depends on the coupling magnitude. Obtained results demonstrate that nontrivial differences in the dispersion of optical and acoustic modes occur with the change of flexocoupling constant. Therefore, experimental determination of soft phonon dispersion might be very informative to study the influence of strain gradients and flexocoupling on the spatially modulated phase in ferroelectrics with commensurate and incommensurate long-range order.

Title:
MAGNDATA: towards a database of magnetic structures. I. The commensurate case
Authors:
Gallego, SV; Perez-Mato, JM; Elcoro, L; Tasci, ES; Hanson, RM; Momma, K; Aroyo, MI; Madariaga, G Author Full Names: Gallego, Samuel V.; Manuel Perez-Mato, J.; Elcoro, Luis; Tasci, Emre S.; Hanson, Robert M.; Momma, Koichi; Aroyo, Mois I.; Madariaga, Gotzon
Source:
JOURNAL OF APPLIED CRYSTALLOGRAPHY, 49 1750-1776; 10.1107/S1600576716012863 5 OCT 2016
Abstract:
A free web page under the name MAGNDATA, which provides detailed quantitative information on more than 400 published magnetic structures, has been developed and is available at the Bilbao Crystallographic Server (http://www. cryst.ehu.es). It includes both commensurate and incommensurate structures. This first article is devoted to explaining the information available on commensurate magnetic structures. Each magnetic structure is described using magnetic symmetry, i.e. a magnetic space group (or Shubnikov group). This ensures a robust and unambiguous description of both atomic positions and magnetic moments within a common unique formalism. A non-standard setting of the magnetic space group is often used in order to keep the origin and unit-cell orientation of the paramagnetic phase, but a description in any desired setting is possible. Domain-related equivalent structures can also be down-loaded. For each structure its magnetic point group is given, and the resulting constraints on any macroscopic tensor property of interest can be consulted. Any entry can be retrieved as a magCIF file, a file format under development by the International Union of Crystallography. An online visualization tool using Jmol is available, and the latest versions of VESTA and Jmol support the magCIF format, such that these programs can be used locally for visualization and analysis of any of the entries in the collection. The fact that magnetic structures are often reported without identifying their symmetry and/or with ambiguous information has in many cases forced a reinterpretation and transformation of the published data. Most of the structures in the collection possess a maximal magnetic symmetry within the constraints imposed by the magnetic propagation vector(s). When a lower symmetry is realized, it usually corresponds to an epikernel (isotropy subgroup) of one irreducible representation of the space group of the parent phase. Various examples of the structures present in this collection are discussed.

Title:
Temperature and cooling field dependent exchange coupling in [Cr/Gd](5) multilayers
Authors:
Jiao, ZW; Chen, HJ; Jiang, WD; Wang, JF; Yu, SJ; Hou, YL; Lu, B; Ye, QL Author Full Names: Jiao, Z. W.; Chen, H. J.; Jiang, W. D.; Wang, J. F.; Yu, S. J.; Hou, Y. L.; Lu, B.; Ye, Q. L.
Source:
PHYSICA STATUS SOLIDI A-APPLICATIONS AND MATERIALS SCIENCE, 213 (9):2531-2536; 10.1002/pssa.201600025 SEP 2016
Abstract:
Exchange coupling has been investigated in the [Cr/Gd](5) multilayers deposited at 25, 200, and 400 degrees C, where the Neel temperature (TN) of antiferromagnetic Cr is slightly higher than the Curie temperature (T-C) of ferromagnetic Gd. It was found that the exchange coupling existed not only at T-C < T < T-N, but also above the temperature (T-N) of antiferromagnetic orderings with incommensurate spin-density wave structures transiting to paramagnetic state. These results can be discussed in terms of the crucial role played by the antiferromagnetic spins of Cr with commensurate spin-density wave structures in the vicinity of the Cr/Gd interfaces. Moreover, the exchange coupling of the multilayers grown at different temperatures exhibited different dependencies on the measuring temperature and the cooling field, respectively. Positive exchange bias was observed in the multilayers grown at 200 and 400 degrees C. The interfacial roughness, grain size, and the antiferromagnetic orderings of Cr may be responsible for the anomalous exchange coupling of the multilayers. In addition, the competition between the exchange coupling at Cr/Gd interfaces and the external field-Cr surface magnetic coupling can explain the appearance of negative or positive exchange bias. (C) 2016 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim

Update: 8-Dec-2016


Title:
Self-assembly of two-dimensional binary quasicrystals: a possible route to a DNA quasicrystal
Authors:
Reinhardt, A; Schreck, JS; Romano, F; Doye, JPK Author Full Names: Reinhardt, Aleks; Schreck, John S.; Romano, Flavio; Doye, Jonathan P. K.
Source:
JOURNAL OF PHYSICS-CONDENSED MATTER, 29 (1):10.1088/0953-8984/29/1/014006 JAN 11 2017
Abstract:
We use Monte Carlo simulations and free-energy techniques to show that binary solutions of penta-and hexavalent two-dimensional patchy particles can form thermodynamically stable quasicrystals even at very narrow patch widths, provided their patch interactions are chosen in an appropriate way. Such patchy particles can be thought of as a coarse-grained representation of DNA multi-arm 'star' motifs, which can be chosen to bond with one another very specifically by tuning the DNA sequences of the protruding arms. We explore several possible design strategies and conclude that DNA star tiles that are designed to interact with one another in a specific but not overly constrained way could potentially be used to construct soft quasicrystals in experiment. We verify that such star tiles can form stable dodecagonal motifs using oxDNA, a realistic coarse-grained model of DNA.

Title:
Electrochemical and kinetic properties of Ti41.5Zr41.5Ni17 quasicrystal and LiH composite materials
Authors:
Zhai, XJ; Wang, QS; Luo, TH; Zhao, Z; DongyanLiu; Xing, C; Shen, XD; Liu, WQ; LiminWang Author Full Names: Zhai, Xiaojie; Wang, Qingshuang; Luo, Tianhao; Zhao, Zhen; DongyanLiu; Xing, Cheng; Shen, Xiande; Liu, Wanqiang; LiminWang
Source:
MATERIALS RESEARCH BULLETIN, 85 196-201; 10.1016/j.materresbull.2016.09.021 JAN 2017
Abstract:
We report the effect of LiH on the discharge performance of electrodes which are consist of Ti41.5Zr41.5Ni17 quasicrystal in this paper. The Ti41.5Zr41.5Ni17 alloy ribbons are prepared by arc-melting and melt spinning technique subsequently. The final product of Ti41.5Zr41.5Ni17 and LiH composite materials is produced by mechanical alloying (MA) for 20 min, and it is investigated by a three-electrode cell at room temperature. The maximum discharge capacity can achieve 146.6 mAh/g around for Ti41.5Zr41.5Ni17 and LiH composite materials electrode at the first discharge process, which is higher than 96.5 mAh/g of Ti41.5Zr41.5Ni17 quasicrystal at the third discharge process. High-rate dischargeability and cycling stability are improved by adding LiH, which may attribute to the reversible reaction of LiH that enhances the electrochemical reaction activity in the process of electrochemical reaction. The discharge process is also characterized by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Title:
Polarization curling and flux closures in multiferroic tunnel junctions
Authors:
Peters, JJP; Apachitei, G; Beanland, R; Alexe, M; Sanchez, AM Author Full Names: Peters, Jonathan J. P.; Apachitei, Geanina; Beanland, Richard; Alexe, Marin; Sanchez, Ana M.
Source:
NATURE COMMUNICATIONS, 7 10.1038/ncomms13484 NOV 16 2016
Abstract:
Formation of domain walls in ferroelectrics is not energetically favourable in low-dimensional systems. Instead, vortex-type structures are formed that are driven by depolarization fields occurring in such systems. Consequently, polarization vortices have only been experimentally found in systems in which these fields are deliberately maximized, that is, in films between insulating layers. As such configurations are devoid of screening charges provided by metal electrodes, commonly used in electronic devices, it is wise to investigate if curling polarization structures are innate to ferroelectricity or induced by the absence of electrodes. Here we show that in unpoled Co/PbTiO3/(La, Sr)MnO3 ferroelectric tunnel junctions, the polarization in active PbTiO3 layers 9 unit cells thick forms Kittel-like domains, while at 6 unit cells there is a complex flux-closure curling behaviour resembling an incommensurate phase. Reducing the thickness to 3 unit cells, there is an almost complete loss of switchable polarization associated with an internal gradient.

Title:
Semiclassical ground-state phase diagram and multi-Q phase of a spin-orbit-coupled model on triangular lattice
Authors:
Liu, CL; Yu, R; Wang, XQ Author Full Names: Liu, Changle; Yu, Rong; Wang, Xiaoqun
Source:
PHYSICAL REVIEW B, 94 (17):10.1103/PhysRevB.94.174424 NOV 15 2016
Abstract:
Motivated by recent experiments on the frustrated quantum magnetic compound YbMgGaO4, we study an effective spin model on triangular lattice taking into account the effects of the spin-orbit coupling. We determine the classical ground-state phase diagram of this model, which includes a 120 degrees Neel and two collinear antiferromagnetic phases. In the vicinity of the phase boundary between the Neel and collinear phases, we identify three intermediate noncollinear antiferromagnetic phases. In each of them the magnetic moments are ordered at multiple incommensurate wave vector Q values. We further study the effects of quantum fluctuations in this model via a linear spin-wave theory. We find that the spin excitation gap of the noncollinear multi-Q antiferromagnetic states is vanishingly small. We also find that multi-Q states are most fragile against quantum fluctuations, and hence most unstable toward spin liquid phases.

Title:
Effect of cooling rate and Mg addition on the structural evaluation of rapidly solidified Al-20wt%Cu-12wt%Fe alloy
Authors:
Karakose, E; Colak, H Author Full Names: Karakose, Ercan; Colak, Hakan
Source:
MATERIALS CHARACTERIZATION, 121 68-75; 10.1016/j.matchar.2016.09.030 NOV 2016
Abstract:
The present work examines the effect of Mg contents and cooling rate on the morphology and mechanical properties of Al20Cu12Fe quasicrystalline alloy. The microstructure of the alloys was analyzed by scanning electron microscopy and the phase composition was identified by X-ray diffractometry. The melting characteristics were studied by differential thermal analysis under an Ar atmosphere. The mechanical features of the melt-spun and conventionally solidified alloys were tested by tensile-strength test and Vickers micro-hardness test. It was found that the final microstructure of the Al20Cu12Fe samples mainly depends on the cooling rate and Mg contents, which suggests that different cooling rates and Mg contents produce different microstructures and properties. The average grain sizes of the melt spun samples were about 100-300 nm at 35 m/s. The nanosize, dispersed, different shaped quasicrystal particles possessed a remarkable effect to the mechanical characteristics of the rapidly solidified ribbons. The microhardness values of the melt spun samples were approximately 18% higher than those of the conventionally counterparts. (C) 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Title:
Magnetic structure and effect of magnetic field on its domain structure in magnetoelectric Ba1.3Sr0.7CoZnFe11AlO22
Authors:
Ueda, H; Tanaka, Y; Nakajima, H; Mori, S; Ohta, K; Haruki, K; Hirose, S; Wakabayashi, Y; Kimura, T Author Full Names: Ueda, H.; Tanaka, Y.; Nakajima, H.; Mori, S.; Ohta, K.; Haruki, K.; Hirose, S.; Wakabayashi, Y.; Kimura, T.
Source:
APPLIED PHYSICS LETTERS, 109 (18):10.1063/1.4966623 OCT 31 2016
Abstract:
The magnetic structure and the effect of a magnetic field on its domain structure were investigated in a magnetoelectric Y-type hexaferrite, Ba1.3Sr0.7CoZnFe11AlO22, by means of mapping with a micro-focused and circularly polarized X-ray beam in the resonant X-ray diffraction. It was revealed that this hexaferrite exhibits a magnetic order characterized by two distinct antiferromagnetic components: incommensurate helical and commensurate collinear ones, which can be explained as the development of the so-called alternating longitudinal conical structure. A multidomain state due to the handedness of the helical component, i.e., spin-chirality, is transformed into nearly a mono-domain one by using only a magnetic field. Furthermore, the sign of the spin-chirality in the mono-domain state is reversed by reversing the sign of a magnetic field. These results demonstrate that the spin-chirality in this hexaferrite can be manipulated by a magnetic field alone at room temperature. Published by AIP Publishing.

Title:
Structure and Electrical Conductivity of Ag-Doped TiZrNi Quasicrystals
Authors:
Lee, SH; Park, T; Yi, W; Kim, J Author Full Names: Lee, Sang-Hwa; Park, Taehee; Yi, Whikun; Kim, Jaeyong
Source:
JOURNAL OF NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY, 16 (10):10532-10534; 10.1166/jnn.2016.13189 OCT 2016
Abstract:
To investigate the structure and electrical conductivity of Ag-doped TiZrNi quasicrystals, alloys of (Ti53Zr27Ni20)(100) Ag-x(x) (where, x = 0, 4 and 8) were arc-melted and rapidly quenched in an Ar atmosphere. After optimum quenching, the results of the X-ray diffraction (XRD) measurements revealed that the samples have a pure quasicrystal structure. The quasicrystal structure remained to the maximum 8 at.% of Ag without a significant change in the quasi-lattice constant value, 5.12 angstrom. The specific electrical resistance values of the quasicrystals increased from 4.21 to 5.47x10(-4) Omega. cm with increasing Ag contents from 0 to 8 at.% whereas the coherence lengths decreased from 119 to 93 angstrom accordingly. It is interesting to note that the reduction in the electrical conductivity with the increase in Ag contents is mainly due to the structural incoherence factor, not the atomic conductivity of Ag.

Title:
Direct observation of incommensurate structure in Mo3Si
Authors:
Gulec, A; Yu, XX; Taylor, M; Perepezko, JH; Marks, L Author Full Names: Gulec, Ahmet; Yu, Xiaoxiang; Taylor, Matthew; Perepezko, John H.; Marks, Laurence
Source:
ACTA CRYSTALLOGRAPHICA A-FOUNDATION AND ADVANCES, 72 660-666; 10.1107/S2053273316012286 6 OCT 2016
Abstract:
Z-contrast imaging, electron diffraction, atom-probe tomography (APT) and density functional theory calculations were used to study the crystal structure of the Mo3Si phase which was previously reported to have an A15 crystal structure. The results showed that Mo3Si has an incommensurate crystal structure with a non-cubic unit cell. The small off-stoichiometry in composition of the sample which was revealed by APT and atomic resolution Z-contrast imaging suggested that site substitution caused the development of split atomic positions, disorder and vacancies.

Title:
Structure determination of modulated structures by powder X-ray diffraction and electron diffraction
Authors:
Zhou, ZY; Palatinus, L; Sun, JL Author Full Names: Zhou, Zhengyang; Palatinus, Lukas; Sun, Junliang
Source:
INORGANIC CHEMISTRY FRONTIERS, 3 (11):1351-1362; 10.1039/c6qi00219f 2016
Abstract:
Since the first discovery and description of materials, whose structures are not periodic, enormous efforts have been made in studying these aperiodic structures. With these efforts including the development of superspace group theory and structure solution algorithms, numerous incommensurately modulated structures which represent the vast majority of known aperiodic structures have been determined with single crystal X-ray diffraction data. However, the determination of modulated structures remains very difficult for polycrystalline materials. Powder X-ray diffraction and electron microscopy techniques yield remarkable information for polycrystalline materials. By combining these two methods, modulated structures of polycrystalline materials that impede solution by conventional methods can be determined. The power of these methods is illustrated with the examples of the determination of modulated structures of polycrystalline materials.

Update: 23-Nov-2016


Title:
Crystallographic Features and State Stability of the Decagonal Quasicrystal in the Al-Co-Cu Alloy System
Authors:
Nakayama, K; Mizutani, A; Koyama, Y Author Full Names: Nakayama, Kei; Mizutani, Akito; Koyama, Yasumasa
Source:
JOURNAL OF THE PHYSICAL SOCIETY OF JAPAN, 85 (11):10.7566/JPSJ.85.114602 NOV 15 2016
Abstract:
In the Al-Co-Cu alloy system, both the decagonal quasicrystal with the space group of P (10) over bar m2 and its approximant Al13Co4 phase with monoclinic Cm symmetry are present around 20 at. % Co-10 at. % Cu. In this study, we examined the crystallographic features of prepared Al-(30 - x) at. % Co-x at. % Cu samples mainly by transmission electron microscopy in order to make clear the crystallographic relation between the decagonal quasicrystal and the monoclinic Al13Co4 structure. The results revealed a coexistence state consisting of decagonal quasicrystal and approximant Al13Co4 regions in Al-20 at. % Co-10 at. % Cu alloy samples. With the help of the coexistence state, the orientation relationship was established between the monoclinic Al13Co4 structure and the decagonal quasicrystal. In the determined relationship, the crystallographic axis in the quasicrystal was found to be parallel to the normal direction of the (010) m plane in the Al13Co4 structure, where the subscript m denotes the monoclinic system. Based on data obtained experimentally, the state stability of the decagonal quasicrystal was also examined in terms of the Hume-Rothery (HR) mechanism on the basis of the nearly-free-electron approximation. It was found that a model based on the HR mechanism could explain the crystallographic features such as electron diffraction patterns and atomic arrangements found in the decagonal quasicrystal. In other words, the HR mechanism is most likely appropriate for the stability of the decagonal quasicrystal in the Al-Co-Cu alloy system.

Title:
Prediction of entropy stabilized incommensurate phases in the system MoS2-MoTe2
Authors:
Burton, BP; Singh, AK Author Full Names: Burton, B. P.; Singh, A. K.
Source:
JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS, 120 (15):10.1063/1.4964868 OCT 21 2016
Abstract:
A first principles phase diagram calculation, that included van der Waals interactions, was performed for the 3D bulk system (1 X).MoS2 (X) . MoTe2. Surprisingly, the predicted phase diagram has at least two ordered phases, at X approximate to 0: 46, even though all calculated formation energies are positive; in a ground-state analysis that examined all configurations with 16 or fewer anion sites. The lower-temperature I-phase is predicted to transform to a higher-temperature I'-phase at T approximate to 500 K, and I0 disorders at T approximate to 730 K. Both these transitions are predicted to be first-order, and there are broad two-phase fields on both sides of the ordered regions. Both the I-and I'-phases are predicted to be incommensurate, i. e., aperiodic: I-phase in three dimensions; and I'-phase in two dimensions.

Title:
Structural transformations in highly oriented seven modulated martensite Ni-Mn-Ga thin films on an Al2O3 (11(2)over-bar0) substrate
Authors:
Sharma, A; Mohan, S; Suwas, S Author Full Names: Sharma, Amit; Mohan, Sangeneni; Suwas, Satyam
Source:
JOURNAL OF MATERIALS RESEARCH, 31 (19):3016-3026; 10.1557/jmr.2016.317 OCT 2016
Abstract:
Highly oriented Ni-Mn-Ga thin film with multiple variants and room temperature orthorhombic martensite structure were prepared on a single crystalline Al2O3 (11 (2) over bar0) substrate by DC magnetron sputtering. X-ray diffraction and rocking curve measurements reveal the film as (202)(7M) oriented with an excellent crystal quality ( = 1.8 degrees). Spot-like pole figures indicate that the Ni-Mn-Ga film grows with a strong in-plane preferred orientation. An in-depth analysis of the measured pole figure reveals the presence of a retained austenite phase in the film. Two phase transformations, M-S approximate to 345 K and T-C approximate to 385 K, are observed and are attributed to first order structural transformation from cubic to orthorhombic, and second order phase transformation from ferromagnetic to paramagnetic, respectively. In situ high temperature x-ray diffraction measurements provide a clear indication of a thermally-induced martensite austenite reversible structural phase transformation in the film. The presence of martensite plates with seven modulated orthorhombic structure and adaptive nano-twins are some of the important microscopic features observed in the film with transmission electron microscopy investigations.

Update: 16-Nov-2016


Title:
A guide to lifting aperiodic structures
Authors:
Baake, M; Ecija, D; Grimm, U Author Full Names: Baake, Michael; Ecija, David; Grimm, Uwe
Source:
ZEITSCHRIFT FUR KRISTALLOGRAPHIE-CRYSTALLINE MATERIALS, 231 (9):507-515; 10.1515/zkri-2016-1982 SEP 2016
Abstract:
The embedding of a given point set with non-crystallographic symmetry into higher-dimensional space is reviewed, with special emphasis on the Minkowski embedding known from number theory. This is a natural choice that does not require an a priori construction of a lattice in relation to a given symmetry group. Instead, some elementary properties of the point set in physical space are used, and explicit methods are described. This approach works particularly well for the standard symmetries encountered in the practical study of quasicrystalline phases. We also demonstrate this with a recent experimental example, taken from a sample with square-triangle tiling structure and (approximate) 12-fold symmetry.

Title:
Effect of Pt addition to Ag-Au bimetallic nanoclusters: A molecular dynamics study of Ag-Au-Pt ternary system
Authors:
Akbarzadeh, H; Shamkhali, AN; Abbaspour, M; Salemi, S; Hajizadeh, Z Author Full Names: Akbarzadeh, Hamed; Shamkhali, Amir Nasser; Abbaspour, Mohsen; Salemi, Sirous; Hajizadeh, Zohreh
Source:
JOURNAL OF ALLOYS AND COMPOUNDS, 692 647-657; 10.1016/j.jallcom.2016.09.066 JAN 25 2017
Abstract:
In this work addition of Pt atoms to Ag0.5Au0.5 nanoclusters and formation of Ag0.5-chi Au0.5-chi Pt2 chi (with chi - 0.1, 0.17, 0.2, 0.25, 0.3, and 0.4) and total number of atoms equal to 1415 and 2057 ternary nanoclusters is studied by molecular dynamics simulation. The results indicated that at low concentrations of Pt, nanoclusters exhibit a local-ordered structure in such a way that (Pt-Ag-n-Au-2n) cores are surrounded by extra Ag atoms. By increase of Pt concentration total order of the nanocluster also increases. For nanoclusters with 0.0 < chi(Pt) < 0.4 total order of the system is decreased due to lower concentration of Ag-Pt and Au-Pt interactions. For chi(Pt) - 0.4 system, total order of the nanocluster again increases considerably which represents a Pt-rich nanocluster with some Ag and Au impurity. Also, all nanoclusters with chi(Pt) > 0.0 exhibit an icosahedral-fcc phase transition before melting and temperature of this phase transition is decreased by increase of Pt concentration. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Title:
Controlling Magnetic Ordering in Ca1-xEuxCo2As2 by Chemical Compression
Authors:
Tan, XY; Yaroslavtsev, AA; Cao, HB; Geondzhian, AY; Menushenkov, AP; Chernikov, RV; Nataf, L; Garlea, VO; Shatruk, M Author Full Names: Tan, Xiaoyan; Yaroslavtsev, Alexander A.; Cao, Huibo; Geondzhian, Andrey Y.; Menushenkov, Alexey P.; Chernikov, Roman V.; Nataf, Lucie; Garlea, V. Ovidiu; Shatruk, Michael
Source:
CHEMISTRY OF MATERIALS, 28 (20):7459-7469; 10.1021/acs.chemmater.6b03184 OCT 25 2016
Abstract:
To investigate the interplay between electronic structure and itinerant magnetism, Ca1-xEuxCo2As2 solid solutions (x = 0, 0.1, 0.3, 0.4, 0.5, 0.6, 0.65, 0.7, 0.9, 1.0) were prepared by reactions between constituent elements in molten Bi. All of the samples crystallize in the ThCr2Si2 structure type. The crystal structure refinement revealed the formation of Co vacancies, the concentration of which decreases as the Eu content increases. The Eu site exhibits mixed valence in all samples. X-ray absorption near-edge structure spectroscopy revealed that the average Eu oxidation state decreases from +2.17 at 0 < x <= 0.6 to +2.14 at x >= 0.65. The same borderline behavior is observed in magnetic properties. The substitution of Eu for Ca causes the transition from the antiferromagnetic (AFM) ordering of Co moments in CaCo2As2 to ferromagnetic (FM) ordering of Co moments in Ca1-xEuxCo2As2 with 0.1 <= x <= 0.6. At higher Eu content, AFM ordering of Eu moments is observed, whereas the Co sublattice exhibits only paramagnetic behavior. Single-crystal neutron diffraction studies revealed that both Co and Eu sublattices order FM in Ca0.5Eu0.5Co2As2 with the magnetic moments aligned along the tetragonal c axis. In the AFM phases with x >= 0.65, only Eu moments are ordered in a helical spin structure defined by an incommensurate propagation vector k = [00q], with the moment lying in the ab plane. The changes in magnetic behavior are well-justified by the analysis of the electronic density of states and crystal orbital Hamilton population.

Title:
Role of Structure- and Defect Chemistry in High-Performance Thermoelectric Bismuth Strontium Cobalt Oxides
Authors:
Baran, JD; Kepaptsoglou, D; Molinari, M; Kulwongwit, N; Azough, F; Freer, R; Ramasse, QM; Parker, SC Author Full Names: Baran, Jakub D.; Kepaptsoglou, Demie; Molinari, Marco; Kulwongwit, Nuth; Azough, Feridoon; Freer, Robert; Ramasse, Quentin M.; Parker, Stephen C.
Source:
CHEMISTRY OF MATERIALS, 28 (20):7470-7478; 10.1021/acs.chemmater.6b03200 OCT 25 2016
Abstract:
[Bi0.87SrO2](2)[CoO2](1.82) (BSCO) is one of the best p-type thermoelectric oxides but its structural and electronic properties are still poorly understood. BSCO is a misfit-layered compound consisting of an incommensurate stacking of hexagonal CoO2 and double rock-salt BiSrO2 layers. Here we combine experimental and computational approaches to investigate its crystallographic and electronic structure as well as thermoelectric transport properties. Considering different approximations for the subsystems stacking, we present a structural model that agrees well with both bulk and atomic-scale experimental data. This model, which suggests a level of Bi deficiency in the rock-salt layers, is then used to discuss the material's electronic, magnetic, and transport properties. We show that Bi deficiency leads to a band gap opening and increases p-type electronic conductivity due to the formation of Co4+ species that serve as itinerant holes within the predominantly Co3+ framework of the CoO2 layer. We validate these predictions using electron energy loss spectroscopy in the scanning transmission electron microscope. The relationship between the hole-doping mechanism and the changes of the local structure (in particular the level of Bi deficiency) is evaluated. The reliability of the simulations is supported by the calculated temperature dependence of the Seebeck coefficient, in good agreement with experimental measurements.

Title:
Weak coupling of pseudoacoustic phonons and magnon dynamics in the incommensurate spin-ladder compound Sr14Cu24O41
Authors:
Chen, X; Bansal, D; Sullivan, S; Abernathy, DL; Aczel, AA; Zhou, JS; Delaire, O; Shi, L Author Full Names: Chen, Xi; Bansal, Dipanshu; Sullivan, Sean; Abernathy, Douglas L.; Aczel, Adam A.; Zhou, Jianshi; Delaire, Olivier; Shi, Li
Source:
PHYSICAL REVIEW B, 94 (13):10.1103/PhysRevB.94.134309 OCT 21 2016
Abstract:
Intriguing lattice dynamics have been predicted for aperiodic crystals that contain incommensurate substructures. Here we report inelastic neutron scattering measurements of phonon and magnon dispersions in Sr14Cu24O41, which contains incommensurate one-dimensional (1D) chain and two-dimensional (2D) ladder substructures. Two distinct pseudoacoustic phonon modes, corresponding to the sliding motion of one sublattice against the other, are observed for atomic motions polarized along the incommensurate axis. In the long wavelength limit, it is found that the sliding mode shows a remarkably small energy gap of 1.7-1.9 meV, indicating very weak interactions between the two incommensurate sublattices. The measurements also reveal a gapped and steep linear magnon dispersion of the ladder sublattice. The high group velocity of this magnon branch and weak coupling with acoustic and pseudoacoustic phonons can explain the large magnon thermal conductivity in Sr14Cu24O41 crystals. In addition, the magnon specific heat is determined from the measured total specific heat and phonon density of states and exhibits a Schottky anomaly due to gapped magnon modes of the spin chains. These findings offer new insights into the phonon and magnon dynamics and thermal transport properties of incommensurate magnetic crystals that contain low-dimensional substructures.

Title:
Helicity-dependent photocurrent in a Bi2Se3 thin film probed by terahertz emission spectroscopy
Authors:
Hamh, SY; Park, SH; Jerng, SK; Jeon, JH; Chun, SH; Lee, JS Author Full Names: Hamh, Sun Young; Park, Soon-Hee; Jerng, Sahng-Kyoon; Jeon, Jae Ho; Chun, Seung-Hyun; Lee, Jong Seok
Source:
PHYSICAL REVIEW B, 94 (16):10.1103/PhysRevB.94.161405 OCT 20 2016
Abstract:
We investigate photocarrier dynamics in a Bi2Se3 thin film via terahertz (THz) emission spectroscopy. We report amplitude and phase modulations of the emitted THz wave under the variations in a polarization of an input laser beam and sample azimuth. Photon-helicity-dependent responses are manifested in both time and frequency domains, and azimuth dependence of such circular anisotropy exhibits a clear threefold periodicity. We analyze these results based on the symmetry of the bulk and the surface of Bi2Se3 and demonstrate that the observed helicity-dependent photocurrent originates from the circular photon drag effect, namely, linear and angular momentum transfers from photons to photocarriers.

Title:
Crystallographic computing system Jana2006: solution and refinement of twinned structures
Authors:
Petricek, V; Dusek, M; Plasil, J Author Full Names: Petricek, Vaclav; Dusek, Michal; Plasil, Jakub
Source:
ZEITSCHRIFT FUR KRISTALLOGRAPHIE-CRYSTALLINE MATERIALS, 231 (10):583-599; SI 10.1515/zkri-2016-1956 OCT 2016
Abstract:
Twinning is a phenomenon complicating structure analysis of single crystals of standard as well as modulated structures. Jana2006 as a software for advanced structure analysis contains tools for recognition and refinement of twins including most complicated cases of modulated and magnetic structures. In order to efficiently use the tools of Jana2006 related to twinning, we explain the basic terminology and the underlying theory, especially the symmetry of the diffraction patterns affected by twinning. We present typical diffraction patterns of twins and show how twinning can be recognized or detected by various tools and described with twinning matrices. Data processing of twins and ways of how they can be imported to Jana2006 are also discussed. Two examples demonstrate the solution of typical twins: twinning by metric merohedry and twinning by reticular merohedry, followed by the third example demonstrating twinning in a commensurately *modulated structure*. The relationship between the dimensionality of the structure and twinning is discussed, too.

Update: 10-Nov-2016


Title:
Competing magnetic ground states and their coupling to the crystal lattice in CuFe2Ge2
Authors:
May, AF; Calder, S; Parker, DS; Sales, BC; McGuire, MA Author Full Names: May, Andrew F.; Calder, Stuart; Parker, David S.; Sales, Brian C.; McGuire, Michael A.
Source:
SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, 6 10.1038/srep35325 OCT 14 2016
Abstract:
Identifying and characterizing systems with coupled and competing interactions is central to the development of physical models that can accurately describe and predict emergent behavior in condensed matter systems. This work demonstrates that the metallic compound CuFe2Ge2 has competing magnetic ground states, which are shown to be strongly coupled to the lattice and easily manipulated using temperature and applied magnetic fields. Temperature-dependent magnetization M measurements reveal a ferromagnetic-like onset at 228 (1) K and a broad maximum in M near 180 K. Powder neutron diffraction confirms antiferromagnetic ordering below T-N approximate to 175 K, and an incommensurate spin density wave is observed below approximate to 125 K. Coupled with the small refined moments (0.5-1 mu B/Fe), this provides a picture of itinerant magnetism in CuFe2Ge2. The neutron diffraction data also reveal a coexistence of two magnetic phases that further highlights the near-degeneracy of various magnetic states. These results demonstrate that the ground state in CuFe2Ge2 can be easily manipulated by external forces, making it of particular interest for doping, pressure, and further theoretical studies.

Title:
Charge density wave modulation and gap measurements in CeTe3
Authors:
Ralevic, U; Lazarevic, N; Baum, A; Eiter, HM; Hackl, R; Giraldo-Gallo, P; Fisher, IR; Petrovic, C; Gajic, R; Popovic, ZV Author Full Names: Ralevic, U.; Lazarevic, N.; Baum, A.; Eiter, H. -M.; Hackl, R.; Giraldo-Gallo, P.; Fisher, I. R.; Petrovic, C.; Gajic, R.; Popovic, Z. V.
Source:
PHYSICAL REVIEW B, 94 (16):10.1103/PhysRevB.94.165132 OCT 14 2016
Abstract:
We present a study of charge density wave (CDW) ordering in CeTe3 at room temperature using a scanning tunneling microscope and Raman spectroscopy. Two characteristic CDW ordering wave vectors obtained from the Fourier analysis are assessed to be |c* - q| = 4.19 nm(-1) and |q| = 10.26 nm(-1) where |c*| = 2 Pi/c is the reciprocal lattice vector. The scanning tunneling spectroscopy measurements, along with inelastic light ( Raman) scattering measurements, show a CDWgap Delta(max) of approximately 0.37 eV. In addition to the CDW modulation, we observe an organization of the Te sheet atoms in an array of alternating V- and N-shaped groups along the CDW modulation, as predicted in the literature.

Title:
Remarkable Stability of Charge Density Wave Order in La1.875Ba0.125CuO4
Authors:
Chen, XM; Thampy, V; Mazzoli, C; Barbour, AM; Miao, H; Gu, GD; Cao, Y; Tranquada, JM; Dean, MPM; Wilkins, SB Author Full Names: Chen, X. M.; Thampy, V.; Mazzoli, C.; Barbour, A. M.; Miao, H.; Gu, G. D.; Cao, Y.; Tranquada, J. M.; Dean, M. P. M.; Wilkins, S. B.
Source:
PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS, 117 (16):10.1103/PhysRevLett.117.167001 OCT 11 2016
Abstract:
The occurrence of charge-density-wave (CDW) order in underdoped cuprates is now well established, although the precise nature of the CDW and its relationship with superconductivity is not. Theoretical proposals include contrasting ideas such as that pairing may be driven by CDW fluctuations or that static CDWs may intertwine with a spatially modulated superconducting wave function. We test the dynamics of CDW order in La1.825Ba0.125CuO4 by using x-ray photon correlation spectroscopy at the CDW wave vector, detected resonantly at the Cu L-3 edge. We find that the CDW domains are strikingly static, with no evidence of significant fluctuations up to 2 (3)/(4) h. We discuss the implications of these results for some of the competing theories.

Title:
Structure of the Al13Co4(100) surface: Combination of surface x-ray diffraction and ab initio calculations
Authors:
Gaudry, E; Chatelier, C; McGuirk, GM; Loli, LNS; de Weerd, MC; Ledieu, J; Fournee, V; Felici, R; Drnec, J; Beutier, G; de Boissieu, M Author Full Names: Gaudry, E.; Chatelier, C.; McGuirk, G. M.; Serkovic Loli, L. N.; de Weerd, M. -C.; Ledieu, J.; Fournee, V.; Felici, R.; Drnec, J.; Beutier, G.; de Boissieu, M.
Source:
PHYSICAL REVIEW B, 94 (16):10.1103/PhysRevB.94.165406 OCT 10 2016
Abstract:
The structure of the quasicrystalline approximant Al13Co4(100) has been determined by surface x-ray diffraction (SXRD) and complementary density-functional-theory (DFT) calculations. Thanks to the use of a two-dimensional pixel detector, which speeds up the data acquisition enormously, an exceptionally large set of experimental data, consisting of 124 crystal truncation rods, has been collected and used to refine this complex structure of large unit cell and low symmetry. Various models were considered for the SXRD analysis. The best fit is consistent with a surface termination at the puckered type of planes but with a depletion of the protruding Co atoms. The surface energy of the determined surface model was calculated using DFT, and it takes a rather low value of 1.09 J/m(2). The results for the atomic relaxation of surface planes found by SXRD or DFT were in excellent agreement. This work opens up additional perspectives for the comprehension of related quasicrystalline surfaces.

Title:
Communication between cation environments in aluminosilicate frameworks: incommensurately modulated crystal structure of an e-plagioclase
Authors:
Fredrickson, RT; Fredrickson, DC Author Full Names: Fredrickson, Rie T.; Fredrickson, Daniel C.
Source:
ACTA CRYSTALLOGRAPHICA SECTION B-STRUCTURAL SCIENCE CRYSTAL ENGINEERING AND MATERIALS, 72 787-801; 10.1107/S2052520616010350 5 OCT 2016
Abstract:
Despite being one of the most common minerals in the earth's crust the crystal structure of intermediate e-plagioclase remains only partially understood, due in a large part to its complex diffraction patterns including satellite reflections. In this article we present a detailed analysis of the structure of e-plagioclase (An44) using single-crystal X-ray diffraction measured at ambient and low temperature (T = 100 K), in which the full modulated structure is successfully refined. As in earlier studies, the diffraction pattern exhibits strong main a-reflections and weak e-satellite reflections. The average structure could be solved in terms of an albite-like basic cell with the triclinic centrosymmetric and non-centrosymmetric space groups P (1) over bar and P1 (treated in its C (1) over bar and C1 setting, respectively, to follow conventions in the literature), while the incommensurately modulated structure was modeled in (3 + 1) D superspace, employing both the centro-and noncentrosymmetric superspace groups X (1) over bar(alpha beta gamma)0 and X1(alpha beta gamma) 0, where X refers to a special (3 + 1) D lattice centering with centering vectors (0 0 1/2 1/2), (1/2 1/2 0 1/2), and (1/2 1/2 1/2 0). Individual positional and occupational modulations for Ca/Na were refined with deeper insights being revealed in the non-centrosymmetric structure model. Through the structural details emerging from this model, the origin of the modulation can be traced to the communication between Ca/Na site positions through their bridging aluminosilicate (Si/Al) O-4 tetrahedra.

Title:
Charge and spin coupling in magnetoresistive oxygen-vacancy strontium ferrate SrFeO3-delta
Authors:
Lee, SH; Frawley, TW; Yao, CH; Lai, YC; Du, CH; Hatton, PD; Wang, MJ; Chou, FC; Huang, DJ Author Full Names: Lee, S. H.; Frawley, T. W.; Yao, C. H.; Lai, Y. C.; Du, Chao-Hung; Hatton, P. D.; Wang, M. J.; Chou, F. C.; Huang, D. J.
Source:
NEW JOURNAL OF PHYSICS, 18 10.1088/1367-2630/18/9/093033 SEP 20 2016
Abstract:
Using magnetization, conductivity and x-ray scattering measurements, we demonstrate that the giant magnetoresistance of the oxygen-deficient ferrite SrFeO2.875+0.02 is a consequence of the coupling between the charge and spin order parameters and the tetragonal to monoclinic structural distortion. Upon cooling the sample at T similar or equal to 120 K we find a shoulder in both field-cool and zero field cool magnetization data and the simultaneous appearance of incommensurate structural satellites observed using x-ray diffraction. These satellites are shown to be due to incommensurate charge ordering with the high temperature delocalized Fe3.5+ ions becoming localized with a charge disproportion forming an incommensurate charge-ordered phase. Strong resonant enhancement of these satellites at the Fe L-III absorption edge confirms that this charge ordering is occurring at the Fe(2) sites. Further cooling increases the charge order correlation until T similar or equal to 62Kwhere there is a full structural transition from the tetragonal phase to a mononclinic phase. This causes a jump in the charge order wavevector from an incommensurate value of 0.610 to a commensurate ground state position of 5/8. This first-order structural transition displays considerable hysteresis as well as dramatic reductions in the magnetization, resistivity and magnetoresistance. The transition also causes an antiferromagnetic spin-ordering with a doubled unit cell along the c-axis. Well as observing new commensurate magnetic reflections at the Fe-III edge we also observed resonant enhancement at the oxygen K-edge showing considerable hybridization between the Fe 3d and oxygen 2p states at low temperatures. Our results show that the formation of a magnetic long-rage ordered ground state drives the charge ordering from an incommensurate ordering to a commensurate ground state. This is evidence of a strong coupling between the magnetic and charge order parameters which is the basis for the unusual magnetoresistive effects observed at the transition.

Update: 3-Nov-2016


Title:
Ab-initio, Mossbauer spectroscopy, and magnetic study of the approximant Al72Ni9Fe19 to a decagonal Al-Ni-Fe quasicrystal
Authors:
Nejadsattari, F; Stadnik, ZM; Przewoznik, J; Grushko, B Author Full Names: Nejadsattari, Farshad; Stadnik, Zbigniew M.; Przewoznik, Janusz; Grushko, Benjamin
Source:
JOURNAL OF ALLOYS AND COMPOUNDS, 689 726-732; 10.1016/j.jallcom.2016.08.021 DEC 25 2016
Abstract:
We report the results of ab-initio electronic structure and electric field gradient calculations and of X-ray diffraction, Fe-57 Mossbauer spectroscopy, and magnetic studies of the approximant Al72Ni9Fe19 to a decagonal Al-Ni-Fe quasicrystal. The approximant crystallizes in the hexagonal space group P63/mmc with the lattice parameters a = 7.6989(2) A ($) over circle and c = 7.6724(2) A ($) over circle. A pseudogap in the density of states, centered at similar to 0.30 eV above the Fermi level and with a width of similar to 0.35 eV, is found. Evidence for the covalent nature of the chemical bonding and good metallicity of Al72Ni9Fe19 is provided. The Mossbauer spectra and a 1/T-like dependence of the magnetic susceptibility indicate that Al72Ni9Fe19 is a paramagnet down to 2.0 K. The shape of the Mossbauer spectra is accounted for by a superposition of two quadrupole doublets corresponding to Fe atoms located at two inequivalent crystallographic sites. A sudden change of the quadrupole splittings of the two doublets at similar to 200 K indicates a possible structural phase transition. Excellent agreement between the calculated and measured quadrupole splittings is observed. The Debye temperature of Al72Ni9Fe19 is found to be 431 (3) K. (C) 2016 Elsevier B. V. All rights reserved.

Title:
High temperature phases with wurtzite-derived structure in Zn2LiGaO4-ZnO alloy system
Authors:
Kita, M; Fukada, T; Yamaguchi, S; Omata, T Author Full Names: Kita, Masao; Fukada, Tomoaki; Yamaguchi, Shu; Omata, Takahisa
Source:
JOURNAL OF ALLOYS AND COMPOUNDS, 688 69-76; 10.1016/j.jallcom.2016.06.249 A DEC 15 2016
Abstract:
We investigated the structural phase transformations of Zn2LiGaO4, which is a quaternary oxide semiconductor with a wide band gap of 4.0 eV, and its alloys with ZnO by using in-situ high-temperature X-ray diffraction (XRD), room-temperature XRD and selected-area electron diffraction of samples quenched from high temperatures of >873 K. Three types of phases with the wurtzite-derived structure were found in the y(Zn2LiGaO4)(1/4)-(1-y)ZnO alloy system. First is the low-temperature phase, phase I, in which constituent cations are ordered similarly to those in a Cd2AgGaS4-type structure. Phase I has an incommensurate modulation vector of 1.04b* and is stable at <1070 K and compositions of 0.96 <= y <= 1 and is stable at room temperature for y = 0.92. The second phase, phase II, appears at intermediate temperatures of 773-1373 K at 0.96 <= y <= 1, and its incommensurate modulation vector is 1.08b*. *Phase* III, which has no long-range cation ordering but still has short-range cation ordering, is stable for 0.92 <= y < 1 at high temperatures and for 0.2 < y < 0.92 from room temperature to high temperatures. We discuss the driving force of the transformations among the three phases in terms of their crystal structure and the mismatch in thermal expansion between -Zn-O-Zn-O- and -Li-O-Ga-O- linkages. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Title:
Anisotropy of the electric transport properties of decagonal Al-Cu-Co(Fe) quasicrystals
Authors:
Shulyatev, DA; Klyueva, MV; Devaradjan, U Author Full Names: Shulyatev, D. A.; Klyueva, M. V.; Devaradjan, U.
Source:
PHYSICS OF METALS AND METALLOGRAPHY, 117 (9):883-888; 10.1134/S0031918X16070152 SEP 2016
Abstract:
The method of growth from a melt solution was used to obtain iron-alloyed (0.08 at %) Al-Cu-Co single crystals with a decagonal symmetry. The temperature dependences of the electrical resistivity in magnetic fields of 0-18 T were measured using samples oriented in the periodic direction (rho (p) (T)) and in the quasi-periodic plane (rho (q) (T)). A strong anisotropy of the resistivity was observed; the rho (p) (T) curve is linear, whereas the rho (q) (T) curve is approximated well by a second-order polynomial. A strong anisotropy of the magnetoresistance was also observed; a positive magnetoresistance Delta rho/rho similar to 10(-3) for the current flowing in the quasiperiodic plane; and a weak (close to zero) negative magnetoresistance for the current flowing along the periodic direction.

Update: 27-Oct-2016


Title:
Application of electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) to quasicrystal-containing microstructures in the Mg-Cd-Yb system
Authors:
Tanaka, R; Ohhashi, S; Fujita, N; Demura, M; Yamamoto, A; Kato, A; Tsai, AP Author Full Names: Tanaka, R.; Ohhashi, S.; Fujita, N.; Demura, M.; Yamamoto, A.; Kato, A.; Tsai, A. P.
Source:
ACTA MATERIALIA, 119 193-202; 10.1016/j.actamat.2016.08.011 OCT 15 2016
Abstract:
We develop a new analysis system for identifying orientation of an icosahedral quasicrystal (iQc) in a SEM installed with an electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) instrument. The system is successfully applied to determine the orientation of any given iQc grain by reading and assigning the Kikuchi bands obtained with the EBSD. This enables us to analyze relative orientations of iQc and alpha Mg grains in a eutectic structure obtained through a unidirectional solidification process for the Mg-Cd-Yb system. According to EBSD analysis, growth direction of the eutectic structure is shown to be clearly parallel to a two-fold axis of the iQc and {10-10} of alpha Mg, and a unique orientation relationship in iQc and alpha Mg grains is verified in all iQc-alpha Mg coexisting regions. The similarity between primary inter-planar spacings of the iQc and alpha Mg phases is a key factor for stabilizing the interface of two phases and favoring the formation of eutectic structure. This stabilization mechanism is supported by a simple argument on the energetics of a quasiperiodic/periodic lattice interface. (C) 2016 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Title:
Two-Level Electron Excitations and Distinctive Physical Properties of Al-Cu-Fe Quasicrystals
Authors:
Prekul, A; Shchegolikhina, N Author Full Names: Prekul, Alexandre; Shchegolikhina, Natalya
Source:
CRYSTALS, 6 (9):10.3390/cryst6090119 SEP 2016
Abstract:
This article is not a review in the conventional sense. Rather, it is a monographic study of the implications of detection in Al-Cu-Fe quasicrystals of the electronic heat capacity contributions associated with the two-level electron excitations. Our aim was to reveal correlations between these contributions, on the one hand, and specific features of electron transport, magnetic susceptibility, Hall-effect, tunnelling and optical spectra, on the other hand. It is shown that the full range of these features can be understood in the framework of the unified conceptual scheme based on two-level electron excitations.

Title:
Statistical Approach to Diffraction of Periodic and Non-Periodic Crystals-Review
Authors:
Strzalka, R; Buganski, I; Wolny, J Author Full Names: Strzalka, Radoslaw; Buganski, Ireneusz; Wolny, Janusz
Source:
CRYSTALS, 6 (9):10.3390/cryst6090104 SEP 2016
Abstract:
In this paper, we show the fundamentals of statistical method of structure analysis. Basic concept of a method is the average unit cell, which is a probability distribution of atomic positions with respect to some reference lattices. The distribution carries complete structural information required for structure determination via diffraction experiment regardless of the inner symmetry of diffracting medium. The shape of envelope function that connects all diffraction maxima can be derived as the Fourier transform of a distribution function. Moreover, distributions are sensitive to any disorder introduced to ideal structure-phonons and phasons. The latter are particularly important in case of quasicrystals. The statistical method deals very well with phason flips and may be used to redefine phasonic Debye-Waller correction factor. The statistical approach can be also successfully applied to the peak's profile interpretation. It will be shown that the average unit cell can be equally well applied to a description of Bragg peaks as well as other components of diffraction pattern, namely continuous and singular continuous components. Calculations performed within statistical method are equivalent to the ones from multidimensional analysis. The atomic surface, also called occupation domain, which is the basic concept behind multidimensional models, acquires physical interpretation if compared to average unit cell. The statistical method applied to diffraction analysis is now a complete theory, which deals equally well with periodic and non-periodic crystals, including quasicrystals. The method easily meets also any structural disorder.

Title:
A Review of Transmission Electron Microscopy of Quasicrystals-How Are Atoms Arranged?
Authors:
Li, RT; Li, Z; Dong, ZL; Khor, KA Author Full Names: Li, Ruitao; Li, Zhong; Dong, Zhili; Khor, Khiam Aik
Source:
CRYSTALS, 6 (9):10.3390/cryst6090105 SEP 2016
Abstract:
Quasicrystals (QCs) possess rotational symmetries forbidden in the conventional crystallography and lack translational symmetries. Their atoms are arranged in an ordered but non-periodic way. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) was the right tool to discover such exotic materials and has always been a main technique in their studies since then. It provides the morphological and crystallographic information and images of real atomic arrangements of QCs. In this review, we summarized the achievements of the study of QCs using TEM, providing intriguing structural details of QCs unveiled by TEM analyses. The main findings on the symmetry, local atomic arrangement and chemical order of QCs are illustrated.

Title:
Elastodynamic Analysis of a Hollow Cylinder with Decagonal Quasicrystal Properties: Meshless Implementation of Local Integral Equations
Authors:
Hosseini, SM; Sladek, J; Sladek, V Author Full Names: Hosseini, Seyed Mahmoud; Sladek, Jan; Sladek, Vladimir
Source:
CRYSTALS, 6 (8):10.3390/cryst6080094 AUG 2016
Abstract:
A meshless approximation and local integral equation (LIE) formulation are proposed for elastodynamic analysis of a hollow cylinder made of quasicrystal materials with decagonal quasicrystal properties. The cylinder is assumed to be under shock loading. Therefore, the general transient elastodynamic problem is considered for coupled phonon and phason displacements and stresses. The equations of motion in the theory of compatible elastodynamics of wave type for phonons and wave-telegraph type for phasons are employed and can be easily modified to the elasto-hydro dynamic equations for quasicrystals (QCs). The angular dependence of the tensor of phonon-phason coupling coefficients handicaps utilization of polar coordinates, when the governing equations would be given by partial differential equations with variable coefficients. Despite the symmetry of the geometrical shape, the local weak formulation and meshless approximation are developed in the Cartesian coordinate system. The response of the cylinder in terms of both phonon and phason stress fields is obtained and studied in detail.

Title:
A ZrNiAl related high-pressure modification of CeRuSn
Authors:
Niehaus, O; Heymann, G; Huppertz, H; Rodewald, UC; Chevalier, B; Matar, SF; Hoffmann, RD; Pottgen, R Author Full Names: Niehaus, Oliver; Heymann, Gunter; Huppertz, Hubert; Rodewald, Ute Ch.; Chevalier, Bernard; Matar, Samir F.; Hoffmann, Rolf-Dieter; Poettgen, Rainer
Source:
DALTON TRANSACTIONS, 45 (36):14216-14229; 10.1039/c6dt02294d 2016
Abstract:
Monoclinic CeRuSn with its own structure type transforms to a high-pressure modification at 11.5 GPa and 1470 K (1000 t press, Walker type module). The structure of the high-pressure phase was refined from X-ray single crystal diffractometer data at room temperature. The HP-CeRuSn subcell structure adopts the ZrNiAl type: P (6) over bar 2m, a = 751.4(3) and c = 394.6(2) pm, wR2 = 0.0787, 310 F-2 values and 15 variables. The Ru2 atoms within the Sn-6 trigonal prisms show a strongly enhanced U-33 parameter. Weak satellite reflections indicate a commensurate modulation: (3 + 1)D superspace group P31m(1/3,1/3,gamma)000, a = 751.4(3) and c = 394.6(2) pm, gamma = -1/3, wR2 = 0.0786, 1584 F-2 values, 32 variables for the main reflections and wR2 = 0.3757 for the satellites of 1st order. A description of this new superstructure variant of the ZrNiAl type is possible in a transformed 3D supercell with the space group R3m and Z = 9. The driving force for formation of the modulation is strengthening of Ru-Sn bonding within the comparatively large Ru@Sn-6 trigonal prisms. Electronic structure calculations point to an almost depleted Ce 4f shell. This is substantiated by temperature-dependent magnetic susceptibility data. Fitting of the data within the inter-configuration fluctuation model (ICF) resulted in cerium valences of 3.41 at 10 K and 3.31 at 350 K. Temperature dependent specific heat data underline the absence of magnetic ordering.

Update: 20-Oct-2016


Title:
Complex magnetic ordering in Tm3Cu4Si4
Authors:
Baran, S; Szytula, A; Kaczorowski, D; Damay, F Author Full Names: Baran, S.; Szytula, A.; Kaczorowski, D.; Damay, F.
Source:
JOURNAL OF ALLOYS AND COMPOUNDS, 688 577-584; 10.1016/j.jallcom.2016.07.241 B DEC 15 2016
Abstract:
Tm3Cu4Si4 crystalizes in the orthorhombic Gd3Cu4Ge4-type crystal structure with trivalent Tm atoms occupying 2(d) and 4(e) Wyckoff sites. Neutron diffraction data shows that at 1.7 K the Tm magnetic moments form a commensurate magnetic structure defined by the propagation vectors (k) over right arrow (2d) = [0,1/2,0] and (k) over right arrow (4e) = [1/4,0,1/2] for the 2(d) and 4(e) sites, respectively. With increasing temperature, the magnetic order in the 4(e) sublattice undergoes near 2.5 K an order-order transition into an incommensurate magnetic structure and then disappears at 2.9 K. Similar changes in the magnetic structure occur in the 2(d) sublattice at 3.3 and 3.8 K, respectively. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Title:
Al-rich region of Al-Cu-Mn
Authors:
Grushko, B; Mi, SB Author Full Names: Grushko, B.; Mi, S. B.
Source:
JOURNAL OF ALLOYS AND COMPOUNDS, 688 957-963; 10.1016/j.jallcom.2016.07.075 B DEC 15 2016
Abstract:
The Al-Cu-Mn alloy system was studied above 45 at.% Al between 550 and 910 degrees C by scanning electron microscopy, powder X-ray diffraction and differential thermal analysis. A wide ternary region of the so-called beta-phase extending along similar to 50 at.% Al was confirmed. It has a CsCl-type structure with a approximate to 0.292-0.298 nm. The total gamma(1)/gamma(2)-region extends from Al-Mn up to similar to 17 at.% Cu and the high-temperature T-Al3Mn phase (Pnma, a approximate to 1.48, b approximate to 1.24, c approximate to 1.25 nm) extends up to similar to 15 at.% Cu. The so-called R-phase (Bbmm, a approximate to 2.41, b approximate to 1.25, c approximate to 0.76 nm) was found to exist in a compositional region of Al74-80Cu5-12.5Mn12.5-18. The ternary phase earlier reported at Al57.9Cu26.3Mn15.8 was confirmed. It exists below 697 degrees C in a compositional region of Al55-58Cu29-Mn-37(7.5-14). The decagonal D-3-phase was concluded to be stable in a compositional region of Al61.5-68.5Cu19-29.5Mn9-16. Below 631 degrees C an fcc phase (a = 0.5814 nm) was revealed around similar to Al60Cu36.5Mn3.5. Partial isothermal sections at 550, 600, 650, 750, 850 and 910 degrees C were constructed. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Title:
Microstructural characteristics and mechanical properties of Mg-Zn-Y alloy containing icosahedral quasicrystals phase treated by pulsed magnetic field
Authors:
Zhang, L; Zhou, W; Hu, PH; Zhou, Q Author Full Names: Zhang, L.; Zhou, W.; Hu, P. H.; Zhou, Q.
Source:
JOURNAL OF ALLOYS AND COMPOUNDS, 688 868-874; 10.1016/j.jallcom.2016.07.280 B DEC 15 2016
Abstract:
Pulsed magnetic field (PMF) has been imposed during solidification of Mg-Zn-Y alloy containing icosahedral quasicrystals phase (I-phase) in this work. The effects of vibration power on the solidification microstructure and mechanical properties of Mg93Zn6Y alloy were studied. The results show that the solidification microstructure of the Mg93Zn6Y alloy was further refined with increasing vibration power. The primary alpha-Mg in the alloy treated by PMF was changed from dendrites with the average grain size more than 1 mm untreated by PMF to rosette-like and polyhedral morphology with the average grain size of 122 mm. Moreover, the I-phase was changed from continuous thick skeletal to discontinuous fine reticular and particle-like morphology. The fraction of I-phase in the alloy treated by PMF was also reduced due to the increase of concentrations of Zn and Y elements inside grains. The mechanical properties of Mg93Zn6Y alloy treated by PMF were also improved significantly. The yield strength, ultimate tensile strength and elongation of the alloy treated by PMF at a vibration power of 350 Wat room temperature were 162 MPa, 221 MPa and 1.99%, which were increased by 65%, 66% and 124% respectively, compared to those of the alloy untreated by PMF. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Title:
Laser-Induced Charge-Density-Wave Transient Depinning in Chromium
Authors:
Jacques, VLR; Laulhe, C; Moisan, N; Ravy, S; Le Bolloc'h, D Author Full Names: Jacques, V. L. R.; Laulhe, C.; Moisan, N.; Ravy, S.; Le Bolloc'h, D.
Source:
PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS, 117 (15):10.1103/PhysRevLett.117.156401 OCT 3 2016
Abstract:
We report on time-resolved x-ray diffraction measurements following femtosecond laser excitation in pure bulk chromium. Comparing the evolution of incommensurate charge-density-wave (CDW) and atomic lattice reflections, we show that, a few nanoseconds after laser excitation, the CDW undergoes different structural changes than the atomic lattice. We give evidence for a transient CDW shear strain that breaks the lattice point symmetry. This strain is characteristic of sliding CDWs, as observed in other incommensurate CDW systems, suggesting the laser-induced CDW sliding capability in 3D systems. This first evidence opens perspectives for unconventional laser-assisted transport of correlated charges.

Title:
Phase transition of solid bismuth under high pressure
Authors:
Chen, HY; Xiang, SK; Yan, XZ; Zheng, LR; Zhang, Y; Liu, SG; Bi, Y Author Full Names: Chen, Hai-Yan; Xiang, Shi-Kai; Yan, Xiao-Zhen; Zheng, Li-Rong; Zhang, Yi; Liu, Sheng-Gang; Bi, Yan
Source:
CHINESE PHYSICS B, 25 (10):10.1088/1674-1056/25/10/108103 OCT 2016
Abstract:
As a widely used pressure calibrator, the structural phase transitions of bismuth from phase I, to phase II, to phase III, and then to phase V with increasing pressure at 300 K have been widely confirmed. However, there are different structural versions for phase III, most of which are determined by x-ray diffraction (XRD) technology. Using x-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS) measurements combined with ab initio calculations, we show that the proposed incommensurate composite structure of bismuth of the three configurations is the best option. An abnormal continuous increase of the nearest-neighbor distance of phase III with elevated pressure is also observed. The electronic structure transformation from semimetal to metal is responsible for the complex behavior of structure transformation.

Title:
Collapse and reappearance of magnetic orderings in spin frustrated TbMnO3 induced by Fe substitution
Authors:
Hong, F; Yue, BB; Wang, JL; Studer, A; Fang, CS; Wang, XL; Dou, SX; Cheng, ZX Author Full Names: Hong, Fang; Yue, Binbin; Wang, Jianli; Studer, Andrew; Fang, Chunsheng; Wang, Xiaolin; Dou, Shixue; Cheng, Zhenxiang
Source:
APPLIED PHYSICS LETTERS, 109 (10):113-117; 10.1063/1.4962465 SEP 5 2016
Abstract:
We studied the temperature dependent magnetic phase evolution in spin frustrated TbMnO3 affected by Fe doping via powder neutron diffraction. With the introduction of Fe (10% and 20%), the long range incommensurate magnetic orderings collapse. When the Fe content is increased to 30%, a long-range antiferromagnetic ordering develops, while a spin reorientation transition is found near 35K from a canted G-type antiferromagnetic ordering to a collinear G-type antiferromagnetic ordering. This work demonstrates the complex magnetic interactions existing in transition metal oxides, which helps to understand the frustrated spin states in other similar systems and design magnetic materials as well. Published by AIP Publishing.

Update: 13-Oct-2016


Title:
Crystallization behavior and mechanical properties of (Al90Fe5Ce5)(100-x)Ti-x amorphous alloys
Authors:
Singh, D; Singh, D; Mandal, RK; Srivastava, ON; Tiwari, RS Author Full Names: Singh, Dharmendra; Singh, Devinder; Mandal, R. K.; Srivastava, O. N.; Tiwari, R. S.
Source:
JOURNAL OF ALLOYS AND COMPOUNDS, 687 990-998; 10.1016/j.jallcom.2016.06.272 DEC 5 2016
Abstract:
The crystallization behavior and mechanical properties of melt-spun (Al90Fe5Ge5)(100-x)Ti-x (x = 0, 4, 8 and 12 at.%) alloys have been investigated. The amorphous phase seems to be stable up to x = 8. The crystallization products for the amorphous alloys with x = 0-8 mainly composed of fcc-Al and icosahedral phases in the glassy matrix. The load dependent hardness behavior of amorphous alloys with and without Ti addition has been studied. The hardness value of the amorphous alloys has been found to be 3.72 and 3.07 GPa for x = 0 and 8 at 100 g load respectively. The annealed ribbons have higher hardness and strength as compared to that of as-synthesized ribbons. The enhanced values of hardness of the (Al90Fe5Ce5)(100-x)Ti-x (x = 0, 4 and 8) alloys are attributed to the combined effects of icosahedral nano particles and Al nanoparticles in amorphous matrix. The absence of cracks around the indentation area up to 500 g of load for amorphous alloys suggests better capability to resist crack propagation in comparison to the annealed alloys. The formation of shear bands around the indentation periphery has been observed. The number of visible shear bands for the as-synthesized ribbons is higher in comparison to those of annealed ribbons. The values of yield strength and Meyer exponent of these alloys are also compared. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Title:
Spatially modulated spin structure (SMSS) in BiFeO3-30 years later
Authors:
Sosnowska, IM Author Full Names: Sosnowska, I. M.
Source:
JOURNAL OF PHYSICS-CONDENSED MATTER, 28 (42):10.1088/0953-8984/28/42/421002 OCT 26 2016

Title:
Martensitic transition, structure and magnetic anisotropy of martensite in Ni-Mn-Sn single crystal
Authors:
Czaja, P; Szczerba, MJ; Chulist, R; Balanda, M; Przewoznik, J; Chumlyakov, YI; Schell, N; Kapusta, C; Maziarz, W Author Full Names: Czaja, P.; Szczerba, M. J.; Chulist, R.; Balanda, M.; Przewoznik, J.; Chumlyakov, Y. I.; Schell, N.; Kapusta, Cz.; Maziarz, W.
Source:
ACTA MATERIALIA, 118 213-220; 10.1016/j.actamat.2016.07.059 OCT 1 2016
Abstract:
The structural and magnetic properties of Ni50Mn37.5Sn12.5 single crystal were investigated. The alloy undergoes martensitic transformation at 308 K from the austenite phase to the structurally modulated tetragonal 4M martensite phase with lattice parameters a(4M) = 6.177 angstrom, c(4M) = 5.669 angstrom. The alloy shows 7.9% pre-strain upon uniaxial compression along the (001) direction, which is near the theoretical 8.2% maximum twinning strain. Magnetization measurements reveal that the magnetic anisotropy of the martensite phase is uniaxial with the easy magnetization axis corresponding to the shortest c axis of the tetragonally distorted unit cell, while its a axis is the hard magnetization direction. The magnetic anisotropy constant K-u saturates at low temperature around 7 x 10(4) j/m(3) and then gradually decreases with increasing temperature as the system approaches the Curie temperature of martensite at 215 K. (C) 2016 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Title:
Er1.33Pt3Ga8: A modulated variant of the Er4Pt9Al24-structure type
Authors:
Oswald, IWH; Gourdon, O; Bekins, A; Evans, J; Treadwell, LJ; Chan, JY; Macaluso, RT Author Full Names: Oswald, Iain W. H.; Gourdon, Olivier; Bekins, Amy; Evans, Jess; Treadwell, LaRico J.; Chan, Julia Y.; Macaluso, Robin T.
Source:
JOURNAL OF SOLID STATE CHEMISTRY, 242 161-167; SI 10.1016/j.jssc.2016.04.009 2 OCT 2016
Abstract:
Single crystals of Er1.33Pt3Ga8 were synthesized in a molten Ga flux. Er1.33Pt3Ga8 can be considered to be a modulated variant of the Er4Pt9Al24-structure type, where the partial occupancies are ordered. Indeed, the presence of weak satellite reflections indicates a complex organization and distribution of the Er and Ga atoms within the [ErGa] slabs. The structure has been solved based on single crystal X-ray diffraction data in the monoclinic superspace group X2/m(0 beta 0)00 with a commensurate modulated vector q=1/3b*. Precession images also indicate diffusion in the perpendicular direction indicating a partial disorder of this arrangement from layer to layer. In addition, Er1.33Pt3Ga8 shows antiferromagnetic ordering at T-N similar to 5 K. (C) 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Title:
Strong magnetoelastic coupling at the transition from harmonic to anharmonic order in NaFe(WO4)(2) with 3d(5) configuration
Authors:
Holbein, S; Ackermann, M; Chapon, L; Steffens, P; Gukasov, A; Sazonov, A; Breunig, O; Sanders, Y; Becker, P; Bohaty, L; Lorenz, T; Braden, M Author Full Names: Holbein, S.; Ackermann, M.; Chapon, L.; Steffens, P.; Gukasov, A.; Sazonov, A.; Breunig, O.; Sanders, Y.; Becker, P.; Bohaty, L.; Lorenz, T.; Braden, M.
Source:
PHYSICAL REVIEW B, 94 (10):10.1103/PhysRevB.94.104423 SEP 21 2016
Abstract:
The crystal structure of the double tungstate NaFe(WO4)(2) arises from that of the spin-driven multiferroic MnWO4 by inserting nonmagnetic Na layers. NaFe(WO4)(2) exhibits a three-dimensional incommensurate spin-spiral structure at low temperature and zero magnetic field, which, however, competes with commensurate order induced by magnetic field. The incommensurate zero-field phase corresponds to the condensation of a single irreducible representation but it does not imply ferroelectric polarization because spirals with opposite chirality coexist. Sizable anharmonic modulations emerge in this incommensurate structure, which are accompanied by large magnetoelastic anomalies, while the onset of the harmonic order is invisible in the thermal-expansion coefficient. In magnetic fields applied along the monoclinic axis, we observe a first-order transition to a commensurate structure that again is accompanied by large magnetoelastic effects. The large magnetoelastic coupling, a reduction of the b lattice parameter, is thus associated only with the commensurate order. Upon releasing the field at low temperature, the magnetic order transforms to another commensurate structure that considerably differs from the incommensurate low-temperature phase emerging upon zero-field cooling. The latter phase, which exhibits a reduced ordered moment, seems to be metastable.

Title:
Unusual Relaxor Ferroelectric Behavior in Stairlike Aurivillius Phases
Authors:
Steciuk, G; Boullay, P; Pautrat, A; Barrier, N; Caignaert, V; Palatinus, L Author Full Names: Steciuk, Gwladys; Boullay, Philippe; Pautrat, Alain; Barrier, Nicolas; Caignaert, Vincent; Palatinus, Lukas
Source:
INORGANIC CHEMISTRY, 55 (17):8881-8891; 10.1021/acs.inorgchem.6b01373 SEP 5 2016
Abstract:
New ferroelectric layered materials were found in the pseudobinary system Bi5Nb3O15-ABi(2)Nb(2)O(9) (A= Ba, Sr and Pb). Preliminary observations made by transmission electron microscopy indicate that these compounds exhibit a complex incommensurately modulated structure. A (3 + 1)D structural model is obtained using ab initio phasing by charge flipping based on the analysis of precession electron diffraction tomography data. The (3 + 1)D structure is further validated by a refinement against neutron powder diffraction. These materials possess a layered structure with discontinuous [Bi2O2] slabs and perovskite blocks. While these structural units are characteristics of Aurivillius phases, the existence of periodic crystallographic shear planes offers strong similarities with collapsed or stairlike structures known in high-Tc superconductors and related compounds. Using dielectric spectroscopy, we study the phase transitions of these new layered materials. For A = Ba and Sr, a Vogel-Fulcher-like behavior characteristic of the so-called relaxor ferroelectrics is observed and compared to "canonical" relaxors. For A = Sr, the absence of a Bums temperature separated from the freezing temperature appears as a rather unusual behavior.

Title:
An exceptional series of phase transitions in hydrophobic amino acids with linear side chains
Authors:
Gorbitz, CH; Karen, P; Dusek, M; Petricek, V Author Full Names: Gorbitz, Carl Henrik; Karen, Pavel; Dusek, Michal; Petricek, Vaclav
Source:
IUCRJ, 3 341-353; 10.1107/S2052252516010472 5 SEP 2016
Abstract:
The solid-state phase transitions and intermediate structures of S-2-aminobutanoic acid (L-2-aminobutyric acid), S-2-aminopentanoic acid (L-norvaline), S-2-aminohexanoic acid (L-norleucine) and L-methionine between 100 and 470 K, identified by differential scanning calorimetry, have been characterized in a comprehensive single-crystal X-ray diffraction investigation. Unlike other enantiomeric amino acids investigated until now, this group featuring linear side chains displays up to five distinct phases. The multiple transitions between them involve a number of different processes: alteration of the hydrogen-bond pattern, to our knowledge the first example of this observed for an amino acid, sliding of molecular bilayers, seen previously only for racemates and quasiracemates, concerted side-chain rearrangements and abrupt as well as gradual modifications of the side-chain disorder. Ordering of L-norleucine upon cooling even proceeds via an incommensurately modulated structure. L-Methionine has previously been described as being fully ordered at room temperature. An accurate refinement now reveals extensive disorder for both molecules in the asymmetric unit, while two previously unknown phases occur above room temperature.

Title:
Heuristic Description of Magnetoelectricity of Cu2OSeO3
Authors:
Milde, P; Neuber, E; Bauer, A; Pfleiderer, C; Berger, H; Eng, LM Author Full Names: Milde, Peter; Neuber, Erik; Bauer, Andreas; Pfleiderer, Christian; Berger, Helmuth; Eng, Lukas M.
Source:
NANO LETTERS, 16 (9):5612-5618; 10.1021/acs.nanolett.6b02167 SEP 2016
Abstract:
CuO2SeO3 is an insulating material that hosts topologically nontrivial spin whirls, so-called skyrmions, and exhibits magnetoelectric coupling allowing to manipulate these skyrmions by means of electric fields. We report magnetic force microscopy imaging of the real-space spin structure on the surface of a.. bulk single crystal of CuO2SeO3. Based on measurements of the electric polarization using Kelvin-probe force microscopy, we develop a heuristic description of the magnetoelectric properties in CuO2SeO3. The model successfully describes the dependency of the electric polarization on the magnetization in all magnetically modulated phases.

Update: 6-Oct-2016


Title:
Multi-phase quasicrystalline alloys for superior wear resistance
Authors:
Lee, K; Hsu, JL; Naugle, D; Liang, H Author Full Names: Lee, Kyungjun; Hsu, Jialin; Naugle, Donald; Liang, Hong
Source:
MATERIALS & DESIGN, 108 440-447; 10.1016/j.matdes.2016.06.113 OCT 15 2016
Abstract:
Highly wear-resistant alloys are important in many engineering and biomedical applications. In this research, a multi-phase quasicrystal-based alloy was developed using a rapid arc-melting technique. The alloy contains three characteristic phases, hard lambda-Al13Fe4, quasicrystal icosahedral (i-phase), and ductile tau-AlCu. The Vickers micro hardness of each was 828, 795, and 552, respectively, with an overall hardness of 334 (HR15T). Due to the co-existence of these three phases, this alloy exhibits both hardness and ductility. As such, the new material has favorable wear and crack resistance. The approaches used in this study are beneficial for the future design and development of this class of quasicrystalline alloys. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Title:
Quantization of states and strain-induced transformation of charge-density waves in the quasi-one-dimensional conductor TaS3
Authors:
Zybtsev, SG; Pokrovskii, VY Author Full Names: Zybtsev, S. G.; Pokrovskii, V. Ya.
Source:
PHYSICAL REVIEW B, 94 (11):10.1103/PhysRevB.94.115140 SEP 16 2016
Abstract:
We report studies of low-field conductivity, sigma, of nanosized samples of orthorhombic TaS3 as a function of strain, epsilon. The sigma(epsilon) curves show steplike changes associated with the "quantization" of the wave vector, q, of the charge-density wave. Based on the effect we have revealed the change of the q-vector with strain: its in-chain component (normalized by the reciprocal lattice constant) is found to increase with sample stretch. A similar q(epsilon) dependence results from the analysis of the sigma(epsilon) hysteresis for macroscopic samples. This means that the strain-induced anomalies cannot be explained by the transition of the CDW to fourfold commensurability with the pristine lattice (lock-in transition), as it was supposed earlier. We also discuss the metastable length states and the elastic anomalies in TaS3 in light of the observed q(epsilon) dependence.

Title:
Thermoelastic analysis of a two-dimensional decagonal quasicrystal with a conductive elliptic hole
Authors:
Guo, JH; Yu, J; Xing, YM; Pan, EN; Li, LH Author Full Names: Guo, Junhong; Yu, Jing; Xing, Yongming; Pan, Ernian; Li, Lianhe
Source:
ACTA MECHANICA, 227 (9):2595-2607; 10.1007/s00707-016-1657-7 SEP 2016
Abstract:
A general solution in terms of the Stroh-type formalism for quasicrystals is developed for two-dimensional thermoelastic deformation. The solution is then applied to analyze the deformation of a conductive elliptic hole embedded in the decagonal quasicrystal plane which is under a remotely uniform heat flow. The hoop stresses around the elliptic hole are derived in an exact closed form. When the thermal conductivity inside the hole is neglected, the present results are reduced to the existing solutions in the literature. Some numerical examples are provided to show the effects of the geometrical shape of the hole and the thermal conductivity inside the hole on the hoop stresses. The results show that along the hole the variations of the hoop stress of the phonon field are completely different from those of the phason field. Compared to the corresponding insulated case, consideration of a conductive elliptic hole would lead to very different and interesting thermoelastic behaviors.

Title:
Microstructural changes in an extruded Mg-Zn-Y alloy reinforced by quasicrystalline I-phase by small additions of calcium, manganese and cerium-rich mischmetal
Authors:
Medina, J; Perez, P; Garces, G; Tolnai, D; Stark, A; Schell, N; Adeva, P Author Full Names: Medina, J.; Perez, P.; Garces, G.; Tolnai, D.; Stark, A.; Schell, N.; Adeva, P.
Source:
MATERIALS CHARACTERIZATION, 118 186-198; 10.1016/j.matchar.2016.05.019 AUG 2016
Abstract:
The effects of calcium, manganese and cerium-rich mischmetal additions on the microstructure and texture of the extruded Mg-6Zn-1Y (wt.%) alloy have been investigated. The microstructure of the alloys consisted of a magnesium matrix embedding second phase particles aligned along the extrusion direction. The nature and volume fraction of the second phases depended on the alloying element. Thus, Ce-rich mischmetal promoted the formation of T-phase while calcium additions resulted in the formation of a ternary Mg-Zn-Ca compound. Only, manganese additions did not affect the existence of the I-phase present in the ternary alloy. The texture was measured and it was found that calcium addition has a significant effect weakening the extrusion texture. (C) 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Title:
First Step Towards a Devil's Staircase in Spin-Crossover Materials
Authors:
Trzop, E; Zhang, DP; Pineiro-Lopez, L; Valverde-Munoz, FJ; Munoz, MC; Palatinus, L; Guerin, L; Cailleau, H; Real, JA; Collet, E Author Full Names: Trzop, Elzbieta; Zhang, Daopeng; Pineiro-Lopez, Lucia; Valverde-Munoz, Francisco J.; Carmen Munoz, M.; Palatinus, Lukas; Guerin, Laurent; Cailleau, Herve; Antonio Real, Jose; Collet, Eric
Source:
ANGEWANDTE CHEMIE-INTERNATIONAL EDITION, 55 (30):8675-8679; 10.1002/anie.201602441 JUL 18 2016
Abstract:
The unprecedented bimetallic 2D coordination polymer {Fe[(Hg(SCN)(3))(2)](4,4'-bipy)(2)}(n) exhibits a thermal high-spin (HS)<-> low-spin (LS) staircase-like conversion characterized by a multi-step dependence of the HS molar fraction gamma(HS). Between the fully HS (gamma(HS)= 1) and LS (gamma(HS)= 0) phases, two steps associated with different ordering appear in terms of spin-state concentration waves (SSCW). On the gamma(HS). 0.5 step, a periodic SSCW forms with a HS-LS-HS-LS sequence. On the gamma(HS) approximate to 0.34 step, the 4D superspace crystallography structural refinement reveals an aperiodic SSCW, with a HS-LS sequence incommensurate with the molecular lattice. The formation of these different long-range spatially ordered structures of LS and HS states during the multi-step spin-crossover is discussed within the framework of "Devil's staircase"-type transitions. Spatially modulated phases are known in various types of materials but are uniquely related to molecular HS/LS bistability in this case.

Title:
Atomic-scale mapping of twins and relevant defective structures in Al20Cu2Mn3 decagonal approximant
Authors:
Wang, J; Zhang, B; He, ZB; Wu, B; Ma, XL Author Full Names: Wang, J.; Zhang, B.; He, Z. B.; Wu, B.; Ma, X. L.
Source:
PHILOSOPHICAL MAGAZINE, 96 (23):2457-2467; 10.1080/14786435.2016.1205229 2016
Abstract:
Twins or multiple twins occur frequently in the orthorhombic Al20Cu2Mn3 approximant of decagonal quasi crystal (DQC). Due to the specific structural units, the twins in the Al20Cu2Mn3 approximant usually exhibit the glide-reflection characteristics. Using aberration-corrected transmission electron microscope at the atomic scale, we have observed not only glide-reflection twins but also simple mirror-reflection twins in the Al20Cu2Mn3 approximant. The two twinning modes are found to coexist in the present sample. These twins exhibit variant configurations at the twin boundaries where the tessellations of local subunits are imaged at an atomic scale. At the twin boundaries, diversified tiles such as star-like (S), bowtie-shaped and boat-shaped (B) are observed. The diversified tiles stacking with various manners allow the coexistence of the DQC and the approximant. Furthermore, the variants of B and S tiles are also found.

Update: 29-Sep-2016


Title:
Structure and mechanical properties in a powder-processed icosahedral-phase-strengthened aluminum alloy
Authors:
Watson, TJ; Gordillo, MA; Cernatescu, I; Aindow, M Author Full Names: Watson, Thomas J.; Gordillo, Mauricio A.; Cernatescu, Iuliana; Aindow, Mark
Source:
SCRIPTA MATERIALIA, 123 51-54; 10.1016/j.scriptamat.2016.05.037 OCT 2016
Abstract:
Nanocomposite powder particles of aluminum with dispersed icosahedral quasicrystals were produced by gas atomization from an Al-Cr-Mn-Co-Zr alloy. Bulk dispersion -strengthened material was obtained from the powder by blind-die compaction and forging. The material exhibited an attractive combination of room temperature mechanical properties with a dynamic elastic modulus of 90.5 GPa, a tensile yield strength of 690 MPa with 6% elongation to failure, and a high cycle fatigue life of 109 cycles at 207 MPa applied stress. The material also exhibited significant potential for elevated temperature applications with a modulus of 75 GPa and yield strength of 400 MPa at 300 degrees C. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Title:
Strengthening mechanisms in an Al-Fe-Cr-Ti nano-quasicrystalline alloy and composites
Authors:
Pedrazzini, S; Galano, M; Audebert, F; Collins, DM; Hofmann, F; Abbey, B; Korsunsky, AM; Lieblich, M; Escorial, AG; Smith, GDW Author Full Names: Pedrazzini, S.; Galano, M.; Audebert, F.; Collins, D. M.; Hofmann, F.; Abbey, B.; Korsunsky, A. M.; Lieblich, M.; Garcia Escorial, A.; Smith, G. D. W.
Source:
MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING A-STRUCTURAL MATERIALS PROPERTIES MICROSTRUCTURE AND PROCESSING, 672 175-183; 10.1016/j.msea.2016.07.007 AUG 30 2016
Abstract:
We report a study of the structure-processing-property relationships in a high strength Al93Fe3Cr2Ti2 nano-quasicrystalline alloy and composites containing 10 and 20 vol% ductilising pure Al fibres. The superimposed contributions of several different strengthening mechanisms have been modelled analytically using data obtained from systematic characterisation of the monolithic alloy bar. An observed yield strength of 544 MPa has been substantiated from a combination of solid solution strengthening, work hardening, precipitation hardening and Hall-Petch grain size dependent effects. These materials have been shown by other authors in previous published work to be highly sensitive to the size distribution of particles in the powder from which they are made, and the subsequent thermomechanical processing conditions. The processing condition employed in this study provided micron-sized grains with a strong [111] preferential orientation along the extrusion direction and a bimodal size distribution of the icosahedral nano-quasicrystalline precipitates. Both were deemed to be a significant contributor to the high yield strength observed. The addition of pure Al fibres was found to decrease the yield strength linearly with increasing Al content, and to auginent the ductility of the composites. (C) 2016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V.

Title:
Observation and Structure Determination of an Oxide Quasicrystal Approximant
Authors:
Forster, S; Trautmann, M; Roy, S; Adeagbo, WA; Zollner, EM; Hammer, R; Schumann, FO; Meinel, K; Nayak, SK; Mohseni, K; Hergert, W; Meyerheim, HL; Widdra, W Author Full Names: Foerster, S.; Trautmann, M.; Roy, S.; Adeagbo, W. A.; Zollner, E. M.; Hammer, R.; Schumann, F. O.; Meinel, K.; Nayak, S. K.; Mohseni, K.; Hergert, W.; Meyerheim, H. L.; Widdra, W.
Source:
PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS, 117 (9):10.1103/PhysRevLett.117.095501 AUG 24 2016
Abstract:
We report on the first observation of an approximant structure to the recently discovered two-dimensional oxide quasicrystal. Using scanning tunneling microscopy, low-energy electron diffraction, and surface x-ray diffraction in combination with ab initio calculations, the atomic structure and the bonding scheme are determined. The oxide approximant follows a 3(2.)4.3.4 Archimedean tiling. Ti atoms reside at the corners of each tiling element and are threefold coordinated to oxygen atoms. Ba atoms separate the TiO3 clusters, leading to a fundamental edge length of the tiling 6.7 angstrom.

Title:
Polymorphism in Zintl Phases ACd(4)Pn(3): Modulated Structures of NaCd(4)Pn(3) with Pn = P, As
Authors:
Grotz, C; Baumgartner, M; Freitag, KM; Baumer, F; Nilges, T Author Full Names: Grotz, Carolin; Baumgartner, Maximilian; Freitag, Katharina M.; Baumer, Franziska; Nilges, Tom
Source:
INORGANIC CHEMISTRY, 55 (15):7764-7776; 10.1021/acs.inorgchem.6b01233 AUG 1 2016
Abstract:
NaCd4P3 and NaCd4As3 were synthesized via short-way transport using the corresponding elements and CdI2 as mineralizer. At room temperature, the two beta-polymorphs adopt the RbCd4As3 structure type which has been recently reported for alkali metal (A)-d(10) transition metal (T)-pnictides (Pn). The title compounds crystallize rhombohedrally in space group R (3) over barm at room temperature and show reversible phase transitions to incommensurately modulated alpha-polymorphs at lower temperatures. The low-temperature phases are monoclinic and can be described in space group Cm(alpha 0 gamma)s with q vectors of q = (-0.04,0,0.34) for alpha-NaCd4P3 and q(1) = (-0.02,0,0.34) for alpha-NaCd4As3. Thermal properties, Raman spectroscopy, and electronic structures have been determined. Both compounds are Zintl phases with band gaps of 1.05 eV for beta-NaCd4P3 and similar to 0.4 eV for beta-NaCd4As3.

Title:
Crystal structure of modulated martensite and crystallographic correlations between martensite variants of Ni50Mn38Sn12 alloy
Authors:
Lin, CQ; Yan, HL; Zhang, YD; Esling, C; Zhao, X; Zuo, L Author Full Names: Lin, Chunqing; Yan, Haile; Zhang, Yudong; Esling, Claude; Zhao, Xiang; Zuo, Liang
Source:
JOURNAL OF APPLIED CRYSTALLOGRAPHY, 49 1276-1283; 10.1107/S1600576716010372 4 AUG 2016
Abstract:
A comprehensive study on the crystal structure, the microstructure and the crystallographic features of the martensite in an Ni50Mn38Sn12 alloy has been conducted in the present work. The results show that the martensite possesses a 4O modulated structure. The martensite is organized into broad plates in the original austenite grain. The plates contain irregularly shaped colonies with two characteristic microstructural patterns: a classical lamellar pattern and a herringbone pattern. Crystallographic analyses by scanning electron microscopy/electron backscatter diffraction demonstrate that in each colony there are four orientation variants (A, B, C and D) and they form three types of twins (type I, type II and compound twin). The interfaces between corresponding variants are coincident with their twinning plane K1. The interface planes of the compound twin pairs A&D and B&C can have one or two different orientations, which leads to the two microstructural patterns. The corresponding variants in neighboring colonies within one broad plate (intra-plate colonies) possess close orientations, but the type I and the type II twin relationships are interchanged. The variants in neighboring colonies situated in adjacent plates (inter-plate colonies) are type I or type II twin related but with some angular deviations. The plate interface is defined by the {221} plane of the variant pair with largest thickness. The results of the present work provide comprehensive microstructural and crystallographic information on modulated martensite in NiMnSn alloys that is useful for the understanding of their specific functionalities and helpful for further investigation on property optimization of these materials.

Title:
Superior room-temperature ductility of typically brittle quasicrystals at small sizes
Authors:
Zou, Y; Kuczera, P; Sologubenko, A; Sumigawa, T; Kitamura, T; Steurer, W; Spolenak, R Author Full Names: Zou, Yu; Kuczera, Pawel; Sologubenko, Alla; Sumigawa, Takashi; Kitamura, Takayuki; Steurer, Walter; Spolenak, Ralph
Source:
NATURE COMMUNICATIONS, 7 10.1038/ncomms12261 AUG 2016
Abstract:
The discovery of quasicrystals three decades ago unveiled a class of matter that exhibits long-range order but lacks translational periodicity. Owing to their unique structures, quasicrystals possess many unusual properties. However, a well-known bottleneck that impedes their widespread application is their intrinsic brittleness: plastic deformation has been found to only be possible at high temperatures or under hydrostatic pressures, and their deformation mechanism at low temperatures is still unclear. Here, we report that typically brittle quasicrystals can exhibit remarkable ductility of over 50% strains and high strengths of similar to 4.5 GPa at room temperature and sub-micrometer scales. In contrast to the generally accepted dominant deformation mechanism in quasicrystals-dislocation climb, our observation suggests that dislocation glide may govern plasticity under high-stress and low-temperature conditions. The ability to plastically deform quasicrystals at room temperature should lead to an improved understanding of their deformation mechanism and application in small-scale devices.

Title:
Magnetism and superconductivity in a quasi-2D anisotropic system doped with charge carriers
Authors:
Palistrant, ME Author Full Names: Palistrant, M. E.
Source:
JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL AND THEORETICAL PHYSICS, 123 (1):86-97; 10.1134/S1063776116050198 JUL 2016
Abstract:
The theory of multiband superconducting systems with variable density of charge carriers is analyzed. The possibility of emergence of nonphonon high-temperature superconductivity due to the predominance of electron-electron interband interactions over intraband interactions, as well as due to the fact that the thermodynamic and magnetic properties of multiband systems in the superconducting phase differ qualitatively from those of single-band systems, is indicated. Phase transitions in a quasi-2D anisotropic medium upon a change in the carrier concentration, i.e., a transition from the commensurate to the incommensurate state of the spin density wave, are analyzed. Such a transition is observed when the Umklapp processes in the lattice structure are taken into account. These processes facilitate a deviation of wavevector Q of the spin density wave from 2k (F) , as well as a displacement of the bandgap relative to the Fermi surface. This leads to the generation of free charge carriers and the possibility of superconductivity. It is shown that superconductivity accompanies the magnetism. The conditions for the coexistence of these two phenomena are determined.

Title:
Direct imaging of incommensurate wave pockets in the charge-density-wave state of LaTe2
Authors:
Yang, HX; Cai, Y; Ma, C; Li, J; Long, YJ; Chen, GF; Tian, HF; Wei, LL; Li, JQ Author Full Names: Yang, H. X.; Cai, Y.; Ma, C.; Li, J.; Long, Y. J.; Chen, G. F.; Tian, H. F.; Wei, L. L.; Li, J. Q.
Source:
EPL, 114 (6):10.1209/0295-5075/114/67002 JUN 2016
Abstract:
We herein report the study of the atomic structure for a fully incommensurate CDW in LaTe2 using Cs-corrected scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM). It is directly revealed for the first time that the atomic displacements adopt an incommensurate wave-pocket structure along each Te chain. This pocket structure has a long periodicity determined by the CDW incommensurability. We can use the sinusoidal waves as the first-order approximation to characterize the atomic motions within the pocket pattern, which can yield atomic displacements in good agreement with the theoretical model commonly used for studying CDW. These facts demonstrate that the incommensurate pocket patterns should be an essential structural nature in the CDW states and play a critical role for developing the mechanism of the CDW transitions. Copyright (C) EPLA, 2016

Update: 22-Sep-2016


Title:
Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Squeeze Casting Quasicrystal Reinforced AZ91D Magnesium Matrix Composites
Authors:
Yang, L; Hou, H; Zhao, YH; Yang, XM Author Full Names: Yang Ling; Hou Hua; Zhao Yuhong; Yang Xiaomin
Source:
RARE METAL MATERIALS AND ENGINEERING, 45 (8):1978-1982; AUG 2016
Abstract:
To improve the mechanical properties of AZ91D alloy, a squeeze casting process was employed to fabricate AZ91D magnesium matrix composites reinforced with stable icosahedral quasicrystal particles which were introduced as Mg-Zn-Y quasicrystal master alloy. The effects of quasicrystal master alloy content on the microstructure and mechanical properties of the composites were investigated. The results show that the squeeze casting process is an effective method to refine grain size. The composites comprise alpha-Mg matrix, beta-Mg17Al12 phases that disperse on grain boundaries and Mg3Zn6Y quasicrystal particles. A stable interface between the quasicrystal particles and the Mg matrix is observed. The composite exhibits the maximum ultimate tensile strength of 194.3 MPa and the maximum elongation of 9.2%, when the mass fraction of quasicrystal master alloy is 5%. The reinforcement mechanism is concluded as fine-grain strengthening and quasicrystal particle strengthening.

Update: 15-Sep-2016


Title:
Fatigue properties and microstructure of quasicrystalline AlFeCrTi alloy
Authors:
Chlupova, A; Chlup, Z; Kruml, T Author Full Names: Chlupova, Alice; Chlup, Zdenek; Kruml, Tomas
Source:
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FATIGUE, 91 251-256; 10.1016/j.ijfatigue.2016.06.007 1 OCT 2016
Abstract:
Aluminium based material having chemical composition of Al93Fe3Ti2Cr2 (at.%) was prepared by hot extrusion of gas atomised powder. Microstructure consisting of aluminium matrix and icosahedral quasicrystalline particles was investigated by scanning and transmission electron microscopy a X-ray spectroscopy. Size, distribution and inner structure of quasicrystalline particles were determined. When quasicrystalline particles having submicron size were present in the microstructure together with fine-grained aluminium matrix, it resulted in enhancement of mechanical properties. Fatigue experiments were performed in load controlled regime with positive mean stress and fatigue life data for this quasicrystalline material were compared with similar results for commercially available aluminium alloys. Longer fatigue life together with higher fatigue strength reaching value of 350 MPa was observed. It is approx. 100 MPa higher than for commercially produced coarse-grained aluminium alloys. Fractographic observations revealed presence of fish eye fracture patterns and validity of weakest link fracture mechanism acting in this type of material under investigation. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Title:
Quasi-ordered C-60 molecular films grown on the pseudo-ten-fold (100) surface of the Al13Co4 quasicrystalline approximant
Authors:
Fournee, V; Gaudry, E; Ledieu, J; de Weerd, MC; Diehl, RD Author Full Names: Fournee, V.; Gaudry, E.; Ledieu, J.; de Weerd, M-C; Diehl, R. D.
Source:
JOURNAL OF PHYSICS-CONDENSED MATTER, 28 (35):10.1088/0953-8984/28/35/355001 SEP 7 2016
Abstract:
The growth of C-60 films on the pseudo-ten-fold (1 0 0) surface of the orthorhombic Al13Co4 quasicrystalline approximant was studied experimentally by scanning tunneling microscopy, low-energy electron diffraction and photoemission spectroscopy. The (1 0 0) surface terminates at bulk-planes presenting local atomic configurations with five-fold symmetry-similar to quasicrystalline surfaces. While the films deposited at room temperature were found disordered, high-temperature growth (up to 693 K) led to quasi-ordered molecular films templated on the substrate rectangular unit mesh. The most probable adsorption sites and geometries were investigated by density functional theory (DFT) calculations. A large range of adsorption energies was determined, influenced by both symmetry and size matching at the molecule-substrate interface. The quasi-ordered structure of the film can be explained by C-60 adsorption at the strongest adsorption sites which are too far apart compared to the distance minimizing the intermolecular interactions, resulting in some disorder in the film structure at a local scale. Valence band photoemission indicates a broadening of the molecular orbitals resulting from hybridization between the substrate and overlayer electronic states. Dosing the film at temperature above 693 K led to molecular damage and formation of carbide thin films possessing no azimuthal order with respect to the substrate.

Title:
Exchange anisotropy as mechanism for spin-stripe formation in frustrated spin chains
Authors:
Pregelj, M; Zaharko, O; Herak, M; Gomilsek, M; Zorko, A; Chapon, LC; Bourdarot, F; Berger, H; Arcon, D Author Full Names: Pregelj, M.; Zaharko, O.; Herak, M.; Gomilsek, M.; Zorko, A.; Chapon, L. C.; Bourdarot, F.; Berger, H.; Arcon, D.
Source:
PHYSICAL REVIEW B, 94 (8):10.1103/PhysRevB.94.081114 AUG 29 2016
Abstract:
We investigate the spin-stripe mechanism responsible for the peculiar nanometer modulation of the incommensurate magnetic order that emerges between the vector-chiral and the spin-density-wave phase in the frustrated zigzag spin-1/2 chain compound beta-TeVO4. A combination of magnetic-torque, neutron-diffraction, and spherical-neutron-polarimetry measurements is employed to determine the complex magnetic structures of all three ordered phases. Based on these results, we develop a simple phenomenological model, which exposes the exchange anisotropy as the key ingredient for the spin-stripe formation in frustrated spin systems.

Title:
Electronic structure and magneto-optical Kerr effect spectra of ferromagnetic shape-memory Ni-Mn-Ga alloys: Experiment and density functional theory calculations
Authors:
Uba, S; Bonda, A; Uba, L; Bekenov, LV; Antonov, VN Author Full Names: Uba, S.; Bonda, A.; Uba, L.; Bekenov, L. V.; Antonov, V. N.
Source:
PHYSICAL REVIEW B, 94 (5):10.1103/PhysRevB.94.054427 AUG 25 2016
Abstract:
In this joint experimental and ab initio study, we focused on the influence of the chemical composition and martensite phase transition on the electronic, magnetic, optical, and magneto-optical properties of the ferromagnetic shape-memory Ni-Mn-Ga alloys. The polar magneto-optical Kerr effect (MOKE) spectra for the polycrystalline sample of the Ni-Mn-Ga alloy of Ni60Mn13Ga27 composition were measured by means of the polarization modulation method over the photon energy range 0.8 <= hv <= 5.8 eV in magnetic field up to 1.5 T. The optical properties (refractive index n and extinction coefficient k) were measured directly by spectroscopic ellipsometry using the rotating analyzer method. To complement experiments, extensive first-principles calculations were made with two different first-principles approaches combining the advantages of a multiple scattering Green function method and a spin-polarized fully relativistic linear-muffin-tin-orbital method. The electronic, magnetic, and MO properties of Ni-Mn-Ga Heusler alloys were investigated for the cubic austenitic and modulated 7M-like incommensurate martensitic phases in the stoichiometric and off-stoichiometric compositions. The optical and MOKE properties of Ni-Mn-Ga systems are very sensitive to the deviation from the stoichiometry. It was shown that the ab initio calculations reproduce well experimental spectra and allow us to explain the microscopic origin of the Ni2MnGa optical and magneto-optical response in terms of interband transitions. The band-by-band decomposition of the Ni2MnGa MOKE spectra is presented and the interband transitions responsible for the prominent structures in the spectra are identified.

Title:
Reflection quasilattices and the maximal quasilattice
Authors:
Boyle, L; Steinhardt, PJ Author Full Names: Boyle, Latham; Steinhardt, Paul J.
Source:
PHYSICAL REVIEW B, 94 (6):10.1103/PhysRevB.94.064107 AUG 25 2016
Abstract:
We introduce the concept of a reflection quasilattice, the quasiperiodic generalization of a Bravais lattice with irreducible reflection symmetry. Among their applications, reflection quasilattices are the reciprocal (i.e., Bragg diffraction) lattices for quasicrystals and quasicrystal tilings, such as Penrose tilings, with irreducible reflection symmetry and discrete scale invariance. In a follow-up paper, we will show that reflection quasilattices can be used to generate tilings in real space with properties analogous to those in Penrose tilings, but with different symmetries and in various dimensions. Here we explain that reflection quasilattices only exist in dimensions two, three, and four, and we prove that there is a unique reflection quasilattice in dimension four: the "maximal reflection quasilattice" in terms of dimensionality and symmetry. Unlike crystallographic Bravais lattices, all reflection quasilattices are invariant under rescaling by certain discrete scale factors. We tabulate the complete set of scale factors for all reflection quasilattices in dimension d > 2, and for all those with quadratic irrational scale factors in d = 2.

Title:
Atomic structure of the i-R-Cd quasicrystals and consequences for magnetism
Authors:
Yamada, T; Takakura, H; Kong, T; Das, P; Jayasekara, WT; Kreyssig, A; Beutier, G; Canfield, PC; de Boissieu, M; Goldman, AI Author Full Names: Yamada, T.; Takakura, H.; Kong, T.; Das, P.; Jayasekara, W. T.; Kreyssig, A.; Beutier, G.; Canfield, P. C.; de Boissieu, M.; Goldman, A. I.
Source:
PHYSICAL REVIEW B, 94 (6):10.1103/PhysRevB.94.060103 AUG 15 2016
Abstract:
We report on the six-dimensional (6D) structural refinement of three members of the i-R-Cd quasicrystals (R = Gd, Dy, Tm) via synchrotron x-ray diffraction from single-grain samples, and show that this series is isostructural to the i-YbCd5.7 quasicrystal. However, our refinements suggest that the R occupancy on the Yb icosahedron sites within the Tsai-type atomic cluster is approximately 80%, with the balance taken up by Cd. Similarities between the i-R-Cd series and i-ScZn7.33, and their differences with i-YbCd5.7 and i-Ca15Cd85, indicate that there are at least two subclasses of Tsai-type icosahedral quasicrystals. We further show from x-ray resonant magnetic scattering (XRMS) measurements on a set of closely related Tb1-xYxCd6 1/1 approximants that the dilution of themagnetic R ions on the icosahedron within the Tsai-type cluster by nonmagnetic Y disrupts the commensurate magnetic ordering in the approximant phase.

Title:
Three-Dimensional Icosahedral Phase Field Quasicrystal
Authors:
Subramanian, P; Archer, AJ; Knobloch, E; Rucklidge, AM Author Full Names: Subramanian, P.; Archer, A. J.; Knobloch, E.; Rucklidge, A. M.
Source:
PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS, 117 (7):10.1103/PhysRevLett.117.075501 AUG 8 2016
Abstract:
We investigate the formation and stability of icosahedral quasicrystalline structures using a dynamic phase field crystal model. Nonlinear interactions between density waves at two length scales stabilize three-dimensional quasicrystals. We determine the phase diagram and parameter values required for the quasicrystal to be the global minimum free energy state. We demonstrate that traits that promote the formation of two-dimensional quasicrystals are extant in three dimensions, and highlight the characteristics required for three-dimensional soft matter quasicrystal formation.

Title:
Modulated crystal structure of InMo4O6
Authors:
Schultz, P; Simon, A; Oeckler, O Author Full Names: Schultz, Peter; Simon, Arndt; Oeckler, Oliver
Source:
ACTA CRYSTALLOGRAPHICA SECTION B-STRUCTURAL SCIENCE CRYSTAL ENGINEERING AND MATERIALS, 72 642-649; SI 10.1107/S205252061600874X 4 AUG 2016
Abstract:
The (3 + 1)-dimensional modulated crystal structure of the metal-rich cluster compound InMo4O6 was solved and refined from single-crystal data in the superspace group P4/mbm(00 gamma)00ss [q = 0, 0, 0.1536 (4); a = 9.6664 (9), c = 2.8645 (3) angstrom; R1(all) = 0.046, wR(all) = 0.076]. The crystal structure is closely related to the NaMo4O6 structure type. It is built from rods of Mo-6 clusters condensed via trans edges. These form channels parallel to [001], in which In-6 and In-7 oligomers alternate. Weak diffuse planes parallel to (001)* interconnect the *satellite* *reflections*; they occur due to two-dimensional rod disorder of the In oligomer chains.

Title:
Magnetic anisotropy in the frustrated spin-chain compound beta-TeVO4
Authors:
Weickert, F; Harrison, N; Scott, BL; Jaime, M; Leitmae, A; Heinmaa, I; Stern, R; Janson, O; Berger, H; Rosner, H; Tsirlin, AA Author Full Names: Weickert, F.; Harrison, N.; Scott, B. L.; Jaime, M.; Leitmae, A.; Heinmaa, I.; Stern, R.; Janson, O.; Berger, H.; Rosner, H.; Tsirlin, A. A.
Source:
PHYSICAL REVIEW B, 94 (6):10.1103/PhysRevB.94.064403 AUG 1 2016
Abstract:
Isotropic and anisotropic magnetic behavior of the frustrated spin-chain compound beta-TeVO4 is reported. Three magnetic transitions observed in zero magnetic field are tracked in fields applied along different crystallographic directions using magnetization, heat capacity, and magnetostriction measurements. Qualitatively different temperature-field diagrams are obtained below 10 T for the field applied along a or b and along c, respectively. In contrast, a nearly isotropic high-field phase emerges above 18 T and persists up to the saturation that occurs around 22.5 T. Upon cooling in low fields, the transitions at T-N1 and T-N2 toward the spin-density-wave and stripe phases are of the second order, whereas the transition at T-N3 toward the helical state is of the first order and entails a lattice component. Our microscopic analysis identifies frustrated J(1)-J(2) spin chains with a sizable antiferromagnetic interchain coupling in the bc plane and ferromagnetic couplings along the a direction. The competition between these ferromagnetic interchain couplings and the helical order within the chain underlies the incommensurate order along the a direction, as observed experimentally. While a helical state is triggered by the competition between J(1) and J(2) within the chain, the plane of the helix is not uniquely defined because of competing magnetic anisotropies. Using high-resolution synchrotron diffraction and Te-125 nuclear magnetic resonance, we also demonstrate that the crystal structure of beta-TeVO4 does not change down to 10 K, and the orbital state of V4+ is preserved.

Title:
Internal field emission nature of the fine structure of tunnel spectra in icosahedral quasicrystals
Authors:
Prekul, AF; Schegolikhina, NI Author Full Names: Prekul, A. F.; Schegolikhina, N. I.
Source:
JETP LETTERS, 103 (9):603-606; 10.1134/S0021364016090071 MAY 2016
Abstract:
Calorimetric and tunnel data for the icosahedral phases of the Al-Cu-Fe system have been jointly analyzed. It has been found that the field-dependent part of the tunnel conductance can be represented as the sum of elementary terms similar in nature to thermal Schottky anomalies. As a result, the features of the fine structure of tunnel spectra in the form of zero-bias anomalies, peaks, and humps can be due to the internal field emission and can indicate a wide distribution of two-level electron traps in the electronic structure of quasicrystals. It was previously assumed that these features constitute a direct image of the density of single-electron states of the conduction band.

Update: 9-Sep-2016


Title:
Long-range charge-density-wave proximity effect at cuprate/manganate interfaces
Authors:
Frano, A; Blanco-Canosa, S; Schierle, E; Lu, Y; Wu, M; Bluschke, M; Minola, M; Christiani, G; Habermeier, HU; Logvenov, G; Wang, Y; van Aken, PA; Benckiser, E; Weschke, E; Le Tacon, M; Keimer, B Author Full Names: Frano, A.; Blanco-Canosa, S.; Schierle, E.; Lu, Y.; Wu, M.; Bluschke, M.; Minola, M.; Christiani, G.; Habermeier, H. U.; Logvenov, G.; Wang, Y.; van Aken, P. A.; Benckiser, E.; Weschke, E.; Le Tacon, M.; Keimer, B.
Source:
NATURE MATERIALS, 15 (8):831-+; 10.1038/NMAT4682 AUG 2016
Abstract:
The interplay between charge density waves (CDWs) and high-temperature superconductivity is currently under intense investigation(1-10). Experimental research on this issue is difficult because CDW formation in bulk copper oxides is strongly influenced by random disorder(11-13), and a long-range-ordered CDW state in high magnetic fields(14-16) is difficult to access with spectroscopic and diffraction probes. Here we use resonant X-ray scattering in zero magnetic field to show that interfaces with the metallic ferromagnet La2/3Ca1/3MnO3 greatly enhance CDW formation in the optimally doped high-temperature superconductor YBa2Cu3O6+delta (delta similar to 1), and that this effect persists over several tens of nanometres. The wavevector of the incommensurate CDW serves as an internal calibration standard of the charge carrier concentration, which allows us to rule out any significant influence of oxygen non-stoichiometry, and to attribute the observed phenomenon to a genuine electronic proximity effect. Long-range proximity effects induced by heterointerfaces thus offer a powerful method to stabilize the charge-density-wave state in the cuprates and, more generally, to manipulate the interplay between different collective phenomena in metal oxides.

Update: 1-Sep-2016


Title:
Electron diffraction study of cobalt-rich Hf-Co
Authors:
Li, XZ; Jin, YL; Wang, MY; Shield, JE; Skomski, R; Sellmyer, DJ Author Full Names: Li, X. -Z.; Jin, Y. -L.; Wang, M. -Y.; Shield, J. E.; Skomski, R.; Sellmyer, D. J.
Source:
INTERMETALLICS, 75 54-61; 10.1016/j.intermet.2016.06.002 AUG 2016
Abstract:
Intermetallic compounds having compositions from HfCo4 to HfCo8 were investigated by transmission electron microscopy, selected-area electron diffraction, and energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy. A major crystalline phase, closely related to the orthorhombic Zr2Co11 phase in structure, has been observed in the samples with the composition ranges from HfCo6 to HfCo8. The phase, referred to as either Hf2Co11 or HfCo7 phase in the literature, is actually one common phase, having a broad composition range and referred to as mu-phase in the present paper. In addition to the mu-phase, we have found coexisted fcc-Co phase and a minor Hf2Co7 phase. The Hf6Co23 phase has been identified in the HfCo4 and HfCo5 samples. Tilt-series electron diffraction revealed that the mu-phase is a one-dimensional incommensurate structure, which can be described approximately as B-centered orthorhombic with a = 0.47 nm, b = 0.82 nm, and c = 3.86 nm. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Title:
Low temperature heat capacity and electrical resistivity of the Ti40Zr25Cu12Ni3Be20 glass forming alloy
Authors:
Liu, BB; Ye, F Author Full Names: Liu, Binbin; Ye, Feng
Source:
INTERMETALLICS, 75 31-35; 10.1016/j.intermet.2016.05.010 AUG 2016
Abstract:
Gaining knowledge of electronic structure provides useful information for understanding unique properties of metallic glasses. In this study, low temperature heat capacity and electrical resistivity of the glass forming Ti40Zr25Cu12Ni3Be20 alloy with glassy, quasicrystalline, or crystalline states below 300 K were investigated. The precipitation of the I-phase was revealed in the initial crystallization process of the Ti40Zr25Cu12Ni3Be20 BMG. The glassy state has higher state density at Fermi level than its quasi crystalline or crystalline counterparts, which could be interpreted by the electron localization in glassy state as well as a pseudo-Brillouin zone formed nearby Fermi surface in the quasicrystalline state. None of the three states showed superconductivity phenomenon down to 1.9 K. Temperature dependence of resistivity for both the glassy state and the quasicrystalline state exhibited negative temperature coefficient and was less sensitive to temperature than the crystalline state. The electrical resistivity showed a smaller value for the I-phase than that for the glass due to lower structural integrity of I -phase. Electrical resistivity as well as heat capacity measurements indicated that the electronic structure of the quasi crystalline state is quite similar to glassy state but far from crystalline state. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Title:
2D materials and van der Waals heterostructures
Authors:
Novoselov, KS; Mishchenko, A; Carvalho, A; Neto, AHC Author Full Names: Novoselov, K. S.; Mishchenko, A.; Carvalho, A.; Castro Neto, A. H.
Source:
SCIENCE, 353 (6298):461-+; 10.1126/science.aac9439 JUL 29 2016
Abstract:
The physics of two-dimensional ( 2D) materials and heterostructures based on such crystals has been developing extremely fast. With these new materials, truly 2D physics has begun to appear ( for instance, the absence of long-range order, 2D excitons, commensurate-incommensurate transition, etc.). Novel heterostructure devices-such as tunneling transistors, resonant tunneling diodes, and light-emitting diodes-are also starting to emerge. Composed from individual 2D crystals, such devices use the properties of those materials to create functionalities that are not accessible in other heterostructures. Here we review the properties of novel 2D crystals and examine how their properties are used in new heterostructure devices.

Update: 25-Aug-2016


Title:
Prediction of Host-Guest Na-Fe Intermetallics at High Pressures
Authors:
Zhou, YY; Wang, H; Zhu, CY; Liu, HY; Tse, JS; Ma, YM Author Full Names: Zhou, Yuanyuan; Wang, Hui; Zhu, Chunye; Liu, Hanyu; Tse, John S.; Ma, Yanming
Source:
INORGANIC CHEMISTRY, 55 (14):7026-7032; 10.1021/acs.inorgchem.6b00881 JUL 18 2016
Abstract:
High pressure can fundamentally alter the electronic structure of elemental metals, leading to the unexpected formation of intermetallics with unusual structural features. In the present study, the phase stabilities and structural changes of Na-Fe intermetallics under pressure were studied using unbiased structure searching methods, combined with density functional theory calculations. Two intermetallics with stoichiometries Na3Fe and Na4Fe are found to be thermodynamically stable at pressures above 120 and 155 GPa, respectively. An interesting structural feature is that both have form a host guest-like structure with Na sublattices constructed from small and large polygons similar to the host framework of the self-hosting incommensurate phases observed in Group I and II elements. Apart from the one-dimensional (1D) Fe chains running through the large channels, more interestingly, electrides are found to localize in the small channels between the layers. Electron topological analysis shows secondary bonding interactions between the Fe atoms and the interstitial electrides help to stabilize these structures.

Update: 18-Aug-2016


Title:
Influence of icosahedral short range order on diffusion in liquids: A study on Al-Zn-Cr alloys
Authors:
Kurtuldu, G; Jarry, P; Rappaz, M Author Full Names: Kurtuldu, Guven; Jarry, Philippe; Rappaz, Michel
Source:
ACTA MATERIALIA, 115 423-433; 10.1016/j.actamat.2016.05.051 AUG 15 2016
Abstract:
It has been shown recently that minute additions of Cr in Al-Zn alloys refine the solidified grain structure and induce multiply-twinned grains which can only be explained if the icosahedral symmetry is considered (Kurtuldu et al., 2013). It has been suggested that Cr addition to Al-Zn alloys promotes the formation of icosahedral short-range order (ISRO) in the liquid, leading to the formation of icosahedral quasicrystals (iQC) acting then as a template for the nucleation of the fcc Al-phase. If ISRO exists in liquid Al-Zn-Cr alloys, this should influence diffusion of solute elements in the liquid. The present study focuses on the effect of Cr addition on Zn diffusion in liquid Al-Zn-Cr alloys. The solute diffusion coefficients of Zn and Cr in the liquid were deduced from the solute profiles in the quenched liquid ahead of a planar solid liquid interface. By comparison with the same measurement in Al-Zn alloys, it is shown that Cr indeed slows down the diffusion (and mobility) of Zn atoms, an effect which reinforces the hypothesis of ISRO in Al-Zn liquid induced by Cr. (C) 2016 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Title:
Structure and microstructure of Ni-Mn-Ga single crystal exhibiting magnetic shape memory effect analysed by high resolution X-ray diffraction
Authors:
Heczko, O; Cejpek, P; Drahokoupil, J; Holy, V Author Full Names: Heczko, Oleg; Cejpek, Petr; Drahokoupil, Jan; Holy, Vaclav
Source:
ACTA MATERIALIA, 115 250-258; 10.1016/j.actamat.2016.05.047 AUG 15 2016
Abstract:
Subtle changes of (micro-) structure can have far-reaching consequences for magnetic shape memory (MSM) effect, also called magnetic induced reorientation (MIR). Detailed X-ray structure analysis using reciprocal mapping of Ni-Mn-Ga single crystals exhibiting MIR at room temperature and prepared in single macrotwin orientation revealed 10M modulated structure. It indicated that the modulation was harmonic, i.e. commensurate, but it also showed that the difference when compared to non commensurate mode or even to adaptive model was very small. The distinction between commensurate and non-commensurate modulation could not be reliably resolved due to large broadening of diffraction peaks. The broadening was caused by small size (less than 100 nm) of structurally coherent L2(1) ordered domains. The small size of these coherent domains is a result of large concentration of antiphase boundaries. (C) 2016 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Title:
The 7 x 1 Fermi Surface Reconstruction in a Two-dimensional f-electron Charge Density Wave System: PrTe3
Authors:
Lee, E; Kim, DH; Kim, HW; Denlinger, JD; Kim, H; Kim, J; Kim, K; Min, BI; Min, BH; Kwon, YS; Kang, JS Author Full Names: Lee, Eunsook; Kim, D. H.; Kim, Hyun Woo; Denlinger, J. D.; Kim, Heejung; Kim, Junwon; Kim, Kyoo; Min, B. I.; Min, B. H.; Kwon, Y. S.; Kang, J. -S.
Source:
SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, 6 10.1038/srep30318 JUL 25 2016
Abstract:
The electronic structure of a charge density wave (CDW) system PrTe3 and its modulated structure in the CDW phase have been investigated by employing ARPES, XAS, Pr 4 f RPES, and first-principles band structure calculation. Pr ions are found to be nearly trivalent, supporting the CDW instability in the metallic Te sheets through partial filling. Finite Pr 4 f spectral weight is observed near the Fermi level, suggesting the non-negligible Pr 4 f contribution to the CDW formation through the Pr 4 f-Te 5p hybridization. The two-fold symmetric features in the measured Fermi surface (FS) of PrTe3 are explained by the calculated FS for the assumed 7 x 1 CDW supercell formation in Te sheets. The shadow bands and the corresponding very weak FSs are observed, which originate from both the band folding due to the 3D interaction of Te sheets with neighboring Pr-Te layers and that due to the CDW-induced FS reconstruction. The straight vertical FSs are observed along k(z), demonstrating the nearly 2D character for the near-E-F states. The observed linear dichroism reveals the in-plane orbital character of the near-E-F Te 5p states.

Update: 11-Aug-2016


Title:
Structure and multiferroic properties of multi-doped Bi1-xErxFe0.96Mn0.02Co0.02O3 thin films
Authors:
Zheng, YJ; Tan, GQ; Xia, A; Ren, HJ Author Full Names: Zheng, Yujuan; Tan, Guoqiang; Xia, Ao; Ren, Huijun
Source:
JOURNAL OF ALLOYS AND COMPOUNDS, 684 438-444; 10.1016/j.jallcom.2016.05.193 NOV 5 2016
Abstract:
Multiferroic Bi1-xErxFe0.96Mn0.02Co0.02O3 (BExFMCO, x = 0.08-0.12) thin films have been successfully prepared on fluorine doped tin oxide (FTO) substrates by the chemical solution deposition method. The structural characteristics of the thin films were investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Rietveld refinement and Raman spectra, indicating a structural transition from typical rhombohedral-R3c:H (BFO) to two-phase coexistence of triclinic-P1 and orthorhombic-Pbmn (BE0.12FMCO). XPS analyses suggest there is the coexistence of Fe2+ and Fe3+ ions in all the thin films. The multi-doping exhibits small effects on oxygen vacancies due to the complex effects of doping ions. Intensive super exchange between Fe2+ and Fe3+ and the decreased leakage current densities are observed in BE0.1FMCO thin films. Multi-doped thin films show the superior ferroelectric properties with a giant remanent polarization (the BE0.1FMCO thin film with P-r similar to 104.43 mu C/cm(2)). The enhanced ferroelectric properties of BExFMCO thin films can be mainly attributed to the structural transition via doping. The highest magnetization values of M-s similar to 9.78 emu/cm(3) and M-r similar to 2.1 emu/cm(3) are obtained in the BE0.1FMCO thin films, which can be attributed to the super exchange between Fe2+ and Fe3+ ions and the altered space modulated spin structure due to structural transition. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Title:
Chemical Pressure-Driven Incommensurability in CaPd5: Clues to High-Pressure Chemistry Offered by Complex Intermetallics
Authors:
Kilduff, BJ; Fredrickson, DC Author Full Names: Kilduff, Brandon J.; Fredrickson, Daniel C.
Source:
INORGANIC CHEMISTRY, 55 (13):6781-6793; 10.1021/acs.inorgchem.6b01124 JUL 4 2016
Abstract:
While composition and pressure are generally considered orthogonal parameters in the synthesis and optimization of solid state materials, their distinctness is blurred by the concept of chemical pressure (CP): microscopic pressure arising from lattice constraints rather than an externally applied force. In this article, we describe the first cycle of an iterative theoretical/experimental investigation into this connection. We begin by theoretically probing the ability of physical pressure to promote structural transitions in CaCu5-type phases that are driven by CP in other systems. Our results point to the instability of the reported CaCu5-type CaPd5 phase to such a transition even at ambient pressure, suggesting that new structural chemistry should arise at only modest pressures. We thus attempted to synthesize CaPd5 as a starting material for high-pressure experiments. However, rather than obtaining the expected CaCu5-type phase, we encountered crystals of an incommensurately modulated variant CaCu5+q/2, whose composition is related to its satellite spacing, q = qb(basic)* with q approximate to 0.44. Its structure was solved and refined in the (3 + 1)D superspace group Cmcm(0 beta 0)s00, revealing CaCu5-type slabs separated by distorted Pd hexagonal nets with an incommensurate periodicity. DFT-CP analysis on a commensurate model for CaPd5+q/2 indicates that the new Pd nets serve to relieve intense negative CPs that the Ca atoms would experience in a CaCu5-type CaPd5 phase but suffer from a desire to contract relative to the rest of the structure. In this way, both the Pd layer substitution and incommensurability in CaPd5+q/2 are anticipated by the CP schemes of simpler model systems, with CP quadrupoles tracing the paths of the favorable atomic motions. This picture offers predictions for how elemental substitution and physical pressure should affect these structural motifs, which could be applicable to the magnetic phase Zr2Co11 whose previously proposed structures show close parallels to CaPd5+q/2.

Update: 4-Aug-2016


Title:
Distributed Hybridization Model for Quantum Critical Behavior in Magnetic Quasicrystals
Authors:
Otsuki, J; Kusunose, H Author Full Names: Otsuki, Junya; Kusunose, Hiroaki
Source:
JOURNAL OF THE PHYSICAL SOCIETY OF JAPAN, 85 (7):10.7566/JPSJ.85.073712 JUL 15 2016
Abstract:
A quantum critical behavior of the magnetic susceptibility was observed in a quasicrystal containing ytterbium. At the same time, a mixed-valence feature of Yb ions was reported, which appears to be incompatible with the magnetic instability. We derive the magnetic susceptibility by expressing the quasiperiodicity as the distributed hybridization strength between Yb 4f and conduction electrons. Assuming a wide distribution of the hybridization strength, the most f electrons behave as renormalized paramagnetic states in the Kondo or mixed-valence regime, but a small number of f moments remain unscreened. As a result, the bulk magnetic susceptibility exhibits a nontrivial power-law-like behavior, while the average f-electron occupation is that of mixed-valence systems. This model thus resolves two contradictory properties of Yb quasicrystals.

Title:
Incommensurate Magnetic Structure in the Cubic Noncentrosymmetric Ternary Compound Pr5Ru3Al2
Authors:
Makino, K; Okuyama, D; Avdeev, M; Sato, TJ Author Full Names: Makino, Koya; Okuyama, Daisuke; Avdeev, Maxim; Sato, Taku J.
Source:
JOURNAL OF THE PHYSICAL SOCIETY OF JAPAN, 85 (7):10.7566/JPSJ.85.073705 JUL 15 2016
Abstract:
Magnetic susceptibility and neutron powder diffraction experiments have been performed on the noncentrosymmetric ternary compound Pr5Ru3Al2. The previously reported ferromagnetic transition at 24K was not detected in our improved-quality samples. Instead, magnetic ordering was observed in the DC magnetic susceptibility at T-c similar or equal to 3.8 K. The neutron powder diffraction experiment further indicates that an incommensurate magnetic structure is established below T-c with the magnetic modulation vector q similar or equal to (0.066, 0.066, 0.066) (r.l.u.). A candidate for the magnetic structure is proposed using representation analysis.

Title:
Local growth of icosahedral quasicrystalline tilings
Authors:
Hann, CT; Socolar, JES; Steinhardt, PJ Author Full Names: Hann, Connor T.; Socolar, Joshua E. S.; Steinhardt, Paul J.
Source:
PHYSICAL REVIEW B, 94 (1):10.1103/PhysRevB.94.014113 JUL 14 2016
Abstract:
Icosahedral quasicrystals (IQCs) with extremely high degrees of translational order have been produced in the laboratory and found in naturally occurring minerals, yet questions remain about how IQCs form. In particular, the fundamental question of how locally determined additions to a growing cluster can lead to the intricate long-range correlations in IQCs remains open. In answer to this question, we have developed an algorithm that is capable of producing a perfectly ordered IQC yet relies exclusively on local rules for sequential, face-to-face addition of tiles to a cluster. When the algorithm is seeded with a special type of cluster containing a defect, we find that growth is forced to infinity with high probability and that the resultant IQC has a vanishing density of defects. The geometric features underlying this algorithm can inform analyses of experimental systems and numerical models that generate highly ordered quasicrystals.

Title:
Unique magnetic structure of YbCo2Si2
Authors:
Mufti, N; Kaneko, K; Hoser, A; Gutmann, M; Geibel, C; Krellner, C; Stockert, O Author Full Names: Mufti, N.; Kaneko, K.; Hoser, A.; Gutmann, M.; Geibel, C.; Krellner, C.; Stockert, O.
Source:
PHYSICAL REVIEW B, 94 (4):10.1103/PhysRevB.94.045116 JUL 14 2016
Abstract:
We report on the results of powder and single-crystal neutron diffraction to investigate the magnetic order in YbCo2Si2 below the Neel temperature T-N = 1.7 K in detail. Two different magnetically ordered phases can clearly be distinguished. At lowest temperatures a commensurate magnetic structure with a propagation vector k(1) = (0.25 0.25 1) is found, while the intermediate phase (T > 0.9 K) is characterized by an incommensurate magnetic structure with k(2) = (0.25 0.086 1). The magnetic structure in YbCo2Si2 is in marked contrast to all other known RCo2Si2 compounds (R = rare earth element) likely due to some itineracy of the Yb 4f states being responsible for the magnetism.

Title:
Reinterpretation of the zero-temperature conductivity in icosahedral AlPdRe
Authors:
Rapp, O Author Full Names: Rapp, O.
Source:
PHYSICAL REVIEW B, 94 (2):10.1103/PhysRevB.94.024202 JUL 13 2016
Abstract:
The zero-temperature conductivity sigma(0) of icosahedral (i)-AlPdRe has been found to be simply related to the resistance ratio R = rho(4.2 K)/rho(295 K) by a power law, sigma(0) similar to R (1.74), over four orders of magnitude in sigma(0). This relation includes metallic single grain samples, and polygrain samples of different morphologies which are metallic for small R values, and insulatinglike at large R. Electronic transport properties of single grain i-AlPdRe samples are thus found to be on common ground with polygrain i-AlPdRe. The relation between R and sigma(0) can be qualitatively understood from published band-structure calculations on quasicrystalline approximants.

Title:
Commensurate and incommensurate magnetic order in spin-1 chains stacked on the triangular lattice in Li2NiW2O8
Authors:
Ranjith, KM; Nath, R; Majumder, M; Kasinathan, D; Skoulatos, M; Keller, L; Skourski, Y; Baenitz, M; Tsirlin, AA Author Full Names: Ranjith, K. M.; Nath, R.; Majumder, M.; Kasinathan, D.; Skoulatos, M.; Keller, L.; Skourski, Y.; Baenitz, M.; Tsirlin, A. A.
Source:
PHYSICAL REVIEW B, 94 (1):10.1103/PhysRevB.94.014415 JUL 13 2016
Abstract:
We report the thermodynamic properties, magnetic ground state, and microscopic magnetic model of the spin-1 frustrated antiferromagnet Li2NiW2O8, showing successive transitions at T-N1 similar or equal to 18 K and T-N2 similar or equal to 12.5 K in zero field. Nuclear magnetic resonance and neutron diffraction reveal collinear and commensurate magnetic order with the propagation vector k = (1/2,0,1/2) below T-N2. The ordered moment of 1.8 mu(B) at 1.5 K is directed along [0.89(9), - 0.10(5), - 0.49(6)] and matches the magnetic easy axis of spin-1 Ni2+ ions, which is determined by the scissor-like distortion of the NiO6 octahedra. Incommensurate magnetic order, presumably of spin-density-wave type, is observed in the region between T-N2 and T-N1. Density-functional band-structure calculations put forward a three-dimensional spin lattice with spin-1 chains running along the [01 (1) over bar] direction and stacked on a spatially anisotropic triangular lattice in the ab plane. We show that the collinear magnetic order in Li2NiW2O8 is incompatible with the triangular lattice geometry and thus driven by a pronounced easy-axis single-ion anisotropy of Ni2+.

Title:
Static magnetic order on the metallic triangular lattice in CrSe2 detected by mu+SR
Authors:
Sugiyama, J; Nozaki, H; Umegaki, I; Uyama, T; Miwa, K; Brewer, JH; Kobayashi, S; Michioka, C; Ueda, H; Yoshimura, K Author Full Names: Sugiyama, Jun; Nozaki, Hiroshi; Umegaki, Izumi; Uyama, Takeshi; Miwa, Kazutoshi; Brewer, Jess H.; Kobayashi, Shintaro; Michioka, Chishiro; Ueda, Hiroaki; Yoshimura, Kazuyoshi
Source:
PHYSICAL REVIEW B, 94 (1):10.1103/PhysRevB.94.014408 JUL 7 2016
Abstract:
The magnetic nature of a metallic two-dimensional triangular compound, CrSe2, has been investigated by muon spin rotation and relaxation (mu+SR) measurements using both powder and single crystal samples. It is found that CrSe2 enters into a static antiferromagnetic (AF) ordered state below 157 K (=T-N). Furthermore, the AF state is slightly changed below around 20 K (=T-N2). Based on the analysis of the internal magnetic fields at the muon sites predicted with DFT calculations, collinear AF and helical 120 degrees AF are clearly eliminated for the ground state of CrSe2. The most probable one is an incommensurate spin density wave order.

Title:
Atomic structure and phason modes of the Sc-Zn icosahedral quasicrystal
Authors:
Yamada, T; Takakura, H; Euchner, H; Gomez, CP; Bosak, A; Fertey, P; de Boissieu, M Author Full Names: Yamada, Tsunetomo; Takakura, Hiroyuki; Euchner, Holger; Gomez, Cesar Pay; Bosak, Alexei; Fertey, Pierre; de Boissieu, Marc
Source:
IUCRJ, 3 247-258; 10.1107/S2052252516007041 4 JUL 2016
Abstract:
The detailed atomic structure of the binary icosahedral (i) ScZn7.33 quasicrystal has been investigated by means of high-resolution synchrotron single-crystal X-ray diffraction and absolute scale measurements of diffuse scattering. The average atomic structure has been solved using the measured Bragg intensity data based on a six-dimensional model that is isostructural to the i-YbCd5.7 one. The structure is described with a quasiperiodic packing of large Tsai-type rhombic triacontahedron clusters and double Friauf polyhedra (DFP), both resulting from a close-packing of a large (Sc) and a small (Zn) atom. The difference in chemical composition between i-ScZn7.33 and i-YbCd5.7 was found to lie in the icosahedron shell and the DFP where in i-ScZn7.33 chemical disorder occurs on the large atom sites, which induces a significant distortion to the structure units. The intensity in reciprocal space displays a substantial amount of diffuse scattering with anisotropic distribution, located around the strong Bragg peaks, that can be fully interpreted as resulting from phason fluctuations, with a ratio of the phason elastic constants K-2/K-1 = -0.53, i.e. close to a threefold instability limit. This induces a relatively large perpendicular (or phason) Debye-Waller factor, which explains the vanishing of 'high-Q(perp)' reflections.

Title:
Mysteries of icosahedral quasicrystals: how are the atoms arranged?
Authors:
Ishimasa, T Author Full Names: Ishimasa, Tsutomu
Source:
IUCRJ, 3 230-231; 10.1107/S2052252516009842 4 JUL 2016

Update: 28-Jul-2016


Title:
Defects forming the optical absorption edge in TlGaSe2 layered crystal
Authors:
Seyidov, MY; Suleymanov, RA; Sale, Y Author Full Names: Seyidov, MirHasan Yu.; Suleymanov, Rauf A.; Sale, Yasin
Source:
JOURNAL OF PHYSICS AND CHEMISTRY OF SOLIDS, 96-97 17-21; 10.1016/j.jpcs.2016.04.009 SEP-OCT 2016
Abstract:
In this work, we present the results of optical experiments designed to investigate the changes in optical absorption spectra of TlGaSe2 ferroelectric-semiconductor with incommensurate (INC) phase in experimental conditions where crystal is kept several hours within the INC-phase (the regime of so called "memory" effect). The fundamental absorption of TlGaSe2, experimentally investigated by optical transmission measurements performed in the temperature range 15-300 K. An extraordinary modification of the optical absorption edge in the range of Urbach's tail is discovered as a result of the annealing within the INC-phase. The role of native defects forming the band edge in the observed phenomena in TlGaSe2 is discussed. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Title:
Phase transitions and magnetic structures in MnW1-xMoxO4 compounds (x <= 0.2)
Authors:
Hardy, V; Payen, C; Damay, F; Meddar, L; Josse, M; Andre, G Author Full Names: Hardy, Vincent; Payen, Christophe; Damay, Francoise; Meddar, Lynda; Josse, Michael; Andre, Gilles
Source:
JOURNAL OF PHYSICS-CONDENSED MATTER, 28 (33):10.1088/0953-8984/28/33/336003 AUG 24 2016
Abstract:
Temperature-dependent specific heat, magnetization and neutron diffraction data have been collected in zero magnetic field for polycrystalline samples of MnW1-xMoxO4 (x <= 0.2) solid solution whose end-member MnWO4 exhibits a magnetoelectric multiferroic phase (AF2 phase) between T-1 approximate to 8 K and T-2 = 12.5 K. In MnW1-xMoxO4, diamagnetic W6+ are replaced with diamagnetic Mo6+ cations and magnetic couplings among Mn2+ (3d(5), S = 5/2) ions are modified due the doping-induced tuning of the orbital hybridization between Mn 3d and O 2p states. It was observed that magnetic phase transition temperatures which are associated with the second-order AF3-to-paramagnetic (T-N) and AF2-to-AF3 (T-2) transitions in pure MnWO4 slightly increase with the Mo content x. Magnetic specific heat data also indicate that the first-order AF1-to-AF2 phase transition at T-1 survives a weak doping x <= 0.05. This latter phase transition becomes invisible above the base temperature 2 K for higher level of doping x >= 0.10. Neutron powder diffraction datasets collected above 1.5 K for a sample of MnW0.8Mo0.2O4 were analyzed using the Rietveld method. The magnetic structure below approximate to 14 K is a helical incommensurate spin order with a temperature-independent propagation vector k = (-0.217(6), 0.5, 0.466(4)). This cycloidal magnetic structure is similar to the polar AF2 structure observed in MnWO4. The AF1 up-up-down-down collinear spin arrangement observed in MnWO4 is absent in our MnW0.8Mo0.2O4 sample.

Title:
Shock synthesis of quasicrystals with implications for their origin in asteroid collisions
Authors:
Asimow, PD; Lin, C; Bindi, L; Ma, C; Tschauner, O; Hollister, LS; Steinhardt, PJ Author Full Names: Asimow, Paul D.; Lin, Chaney; Bindi, Luca; Ma, Chi; Tschauner, Oliver; Hollister, Lincoln S.; Steinhardt, Paul J.
Source:
PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, 113 (26):7077-7081; 10.1073/pnas.1600321113 JUN 28 2016
Abstract:
We designed a plate impact shock recovery experiment to simulate the starting materials and shock conditions associated with the only known natural quasicrystals, in the Khatyrka meteorite. At the boundaries among CuAl5, (Mg0.75Fe0.252+)(2)SiO4 olivine, and the stainless steel chamber walls, the recovered specimen contains numerous micron-scale grains of a quasicrystalline phase displaying face-centered icosahedral symmetry and low phason strain. The compositional range of the icosahedral phase is Al68-73Fe11-16Cu10-12Cr1-4Ni1-2 and extends toward higher Al/(Cu+Fe) and Fe/Cu ratios than those reported for natural icosahedrite or for any previously known synthetic quasicrystal in the Al-Cu-Fe system. The shock-induced synthesis demonstrated in this experiment reinforces the evidence that natural quasicrystals formed during a shock event but leaves open the question of whether this synthesis pathway is attributable to the expanded thermodynamic stability range of the quasicrystalline phase at high pressure, to a favorable kinetic pathway that exists under shock conditions, or to both thermodynamic and kinetic factors.

Title:
Dynamic stabilities of icosahedral-like clusters and their ability to form quasicrystals
Authors:
Liang, XG; Hamid, I; Duan, HM Author Full Names: Liang, Xiaogang; Hamid, Ilyar; Duan, Haiming
Source:
AIP ADVANCES, 6 (6):10.1063/1.4954741 JUN 2016
Abstract:
The dynamic stabilities of the icosahedral-like clusters containing up to 2200 atoms are investigated for 15 metal elements. The clusters originate from five different initial structures (icosahedron, truncated decahedron, octahedron, closed-shell fragment of an HCP structure, and non-closed-shell fragment of an HCP structure). The obtained order of the dynamic stabilities of the icosahedral-like clusters can be assigned to three groups, from stronger to weaker, according to the size ranges involved: (Zr, Al, Ti) > (Cu, Fe, Co, Ni, Mg, Ag) > (Pb, Au, Pd, Pt, Rh, Ir), which correspond to the predicted formation ability of the quasicrystals. Thedifferences of the sequences can be explained by analyzing the parameters of the Gupta-type manybody inter-atomic potentials. (C) 2016 Author(s). All article content, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).

Update: 22-Jul-2016


Title:
Complex incommensurate helicoidal magnetic ordering of EuNiGe3
Authors:
Ryan, DH; Cadogan, JM; Rejali, R; Boyer, CD Author Full Names: Ryan, D. H.; Cadogan, J. M.; Rejali, Rasa; Boyer, C. D.
Source:
JOURNAL OF PHYSICS-CONDENSED MATTER, 28 (26):10.1088/0953-8984/28/26/266001 JUL 6 2016
Abstract:
Eu-151 Mossbauer spectroscopy and neutron powder diffraction are combined to show that the tetragonal (I4mm #107) compound EuNiGe3 orders magnetically below T-N similar to 14 K and adopts a complex incommensurate helicoidal magnetic structure at 3.6 K, with a propagation vector k =[0.255(1), 0.054(14), 0] and a Eu moment of 7.1(2)mu B. On warming through 6 K an incommensurate sinusoidal modulation develops and dominates the magnetic order by 12 K.

Update: 14-Jul-2016


Title:
Microstructural control and hardening response of Mg-6Zn-0.5Er-0.5Ca alloy
Authors:
Zheng, XB; Liu, K; Wang, ZH; Li, SB; Du, WB Author Full Names: Zheng, Xiao-Bing; Liu, Ke; Wang, Zhao-Hui; Li, Shu-Bo; Du, Wen-Bo
Source:
RARE METALS, 35 (7):526-531; 10.1007/s12598-015-0462-0 JUL 2016
Abstract:
The effects of heat treatment on microstructures and hardening response of Mg-6Zn-0.5Er-0.5Ca (wt%) alloy were investigated by optical microscope (OM), scanning electron microscope (SEM), and transmission electron microscope (TEM) in this paper. The results show that the Mg-6Zn-0.5Er-0.5Ca alloy contains Mg3Zn6Er1 quasicrystalline phase (I-phase) and Ca2Mg6Zn3 phase under as-cast condition. Most of the Ca2Mg6Zn3 phases and I-phases dissolve into matrix during heat treatment at 475 degrees C for 5 h. After the as-solution alloy was aged at 175 degrees C for 36 h, a large amount of MgZn2 precipitate with several nanometers precipitate. It is suggested that the trace addition of Ca results in refining the size of the precipitate, and the presence of the nanoscale MgZn2 phase is the main factor to improve the peak-aged hardness greatly to 87 HV, which increases about 40 % compared with that of as-cast alloy.

Title:
Atomistic simulation of frictional anisotropy on quasicrystal approximant surfaces
Authors:
Ye, ZJ; Martini, A; Thiel, P; Lovelady, HH; McLaughlin, K; Rabson, DA Author Full Names: Ye, Zhijiang; Martini, Ashlie; Thiel, Patricia; Lovelady, Heather H.; McLaughlin, Keith; Rabson, David A.
Source:
PHYSICAL REVIEW B, 93 (23):10.1103/PhysRevB.93.235438 JUN 23 2016
Abstract:
J. Y. Park et al. [Science 309, 1354 (2005)] have reported eight times greater atomic-scale friction in the periodic than in the quasiperiodic direction on the twofold face of a decagonal Al-Ni-Co quasicrystal. We present results of molecular-dynamics simulations intended to elucidate mechanisms behind this giant frictional anisotropy. Simulations of a bare atomic-force-microscope tip on several model substrates and under a variety of conditions failed to reproduce experimental results. On the other hand, including the experimental passivation of the tip with chains of hexadecane thiol, we reproduce qualitatively the experimental anisotropy in friction, finding evidence for entrainment of the organic chains in surface furrows parallel to the periodic direction.

Title:
Magnetic correlations in a periodic Anderson model with nonuniform conduction electron coordination
Authors:
Hartman, N; Chiu, WT; Scalettar, RT Author Full Names: Hartman, N.; Chiu, W. -T.; Scalettar, R. T.
Source:
PHYSICAL REVIEW B, 93 (23):10.1103/PhysRevB.93.235143 JUN 21 2016
Abstract:
The periodic Anderson model is widely studied to understand strong correlation physics and especially the competition of antiferromagnetism and singlet formation. In this paper we extend quantum Monte Carlo work on lattices with uniform numbers of neighbors to geometries in which the conduction electron sites can have variable coordination z. This situation is relevant both to recently discovered magnetic quasicrystals and also to magnetism in doped heavy fermion systems. Our key results are the presence of antiferromagnetic order at weak interorbital hybridization Vfd, and a delay in singlet formation to larger values of Vfd on sites with larger z. The staggered magnetization tends to be larger on sites with higher z, providing insight into the behavior to be expected in crown, dice, and CaVO lattices.

Title:
Weak crystallization theory of metallic alloys
Authors:
Martin, I; Gopalakrishnan, S; Demler, EA Author Full Names: Martin, Ivar; Gopalakrishnan, Sarang; Demler, Eugene A.
Source:
PHYSICAL REVIEW B, 93 (23):10.1103/PhysRevB.93.235140 JUN 20 2016
Abstract:
Crystallization is one of the most familiar, but hardest to analyze, phase transitions. The principal reason is that crystallization typically occurs via a strongly first-order phase transition, and thus rigorous treatment would require comparing energies of an infinite number of possible crystalline states with the energy of liquid. A great simplification occurs when crystallization transition happens to be weakly first order. In this case, weak crystallization theory, based on unbiased Ginzburg-Landau expansion, can be applied. Even beyond its strict range of validity, it has been a useful qualitative tool for understanding crystallization. In its standard form, however, weak crystallization theory cannot explain the existence of a majority of observed crystalline and quasicrystalline states. Here we extend the weak crystallization theory to the case of metallic alloys. We identify a singular effect of itinerant electrons on the form of weak crystallization free energy. It is geometric in nature, generating strong dependence of free energy on the angles between ordering wave vectors of ionic density. That leads to stabilization of fcc, rhombohedral, and icosahedral quasicrystalline (iQC) phases, which are absent in the generic theory with only local interactions. As an application, we find the condition for stability of iQC that is consistent with the Hume-Rothery rules known empirically for the majority of stable iQC; namely, the length of the primary Bragg-peak wave vector is approximately equal to the diameter of the Fermi sphere.

Title:
Effect of MWNTs-addition on cathodic performance of Ti-V-Ni composites for Ni-MH batteries
Authors:
Lin, J; Sun, LS; Liang, F; Wu, YM; Cao, ZY; Wang, LM Author Full Names: Lin, Jing; Sun, Lianshan; Liang, Fei; Wu, Yaoming; Cao, Zhanyi; Wang, Limin
Source:
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY, 41 (22):9471-9475; 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2016.03.211 JUN 15 2016
Abstract:
Composites of Ti1.4V0.6Ni alloy and various amounts of multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) have been synthesized by high energy mechanical ball-milling method. The composites mainly contain icosahedral quasicrystal and TiNi-type phases. In contrast to Ti1.4V0.6Ni, all milled composites have excellent activation properties activated at the first charge/discharge cycle, together with excellent rate discharge abilities. The composites are able to deliver outstanding maximum discharge capacities of 295.5 mAh g(-1) enhanced by 68.2 mAh g(-1) in comparison to Ti1.4V0.6Ni alloy, and good cycling stabilities with capacity retention of more than 40% after 100 charge/discharge cycles higher than Ti1.4V0.6Ni alloy. Experimental and theoretical investigations suggest that the unusual electrochemical performance of this composite is depended on the copacetic electrocatalytic activity of MWNTs addition and the enhancement of hydrogen diffusion progress. (C) 2016 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Title:
Fundamental solutions and analysis of three-dimensional cracks in one-dimensional hexagonal piezoelectric quasicrystals
Authors:
Fan, CY; Li, Y; Xu, GT; Zhao, MH Author Full Names: Fan, CuiYing; Li, Yuan; Xu, GuangTao; Zhao, MingHao
Source:
MECHANICS RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS, 74 39-44; 10.1016/j.mechrescom.2016.03.009 JUN 2016
Abstract:
In this study, three-dimensional cracks in one-dimensional hexagonal piezoelectric quasicrystals are investigated. Based on the general solutions and Hankel transform, the fundamental solutions for unit point extended displacement discontinuities (including the phonon and phason displacement discontinuities and the electric potential discontinuity) are derived. The extended displacement discontinuity boundary integral equations for a planar crack of arbitrary shape in the periodic plane of one-dimensional hexagonal piezoelectric quasicrystals are established in terms of the extended displacement discontinuities. Using the boundary integral equation method, the singularities of near-crack border fields are obtained and the stress and electric displacement intensity factors are derived. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Update: 7-Jul-2016


Title:
Characterization of SrBiMn2-xTixO6 perovskites: Local ordering influence on the dielectric and magnetic response
Authors:
Alonso-Dominguez, D; Alvarez-Serrano, I; Lopez, ML; Cuello, GJ; Asensio, E; Garcia-Hernandez, M; Veiga, ML; Pico, C Author Full Names: Alonso-Dominguez, D.; Alvarez-Serrano, I.; Lopez, M. L.; Cuello, Gabriel J.; Asensio, Eloy; Garcia-Hernandez, Mar; Veiga, M. L.; Pico, C.
Source:
CERAMICS INTERNATIONAL, 42 (10):11889-11900; 10.1016/j.ceramint.2016.04.111 AUG 1 2016
Abstract:
Two new phases in the (SrTiO3)-(BiMnO3) perovskite type system were studied. These SrBiMn2-xTixO6 (x=0.5 and 0.75) ceramics were prepared by the liquid-mix method as polycrystalline powders. They were characterized by neutron diffraction (ND), electrical and magnetic measurements and these results were analysed in connection with the x=0.25 phase, previously described by us. Their crystal structures were fitted in the tetragonal 14/mcm space group, with additional superstructure reflections suggesting local ordering. Electron microscopy results revealed these ordering effects are actually present concerning both perovskite sublattices. The electrical response pointed to a mechanism consisting in variable range hopping of polarons. A relaxor ferroelectric behaviour dependent on the pellets thickness was found with T-m in the 140-240 K range. The magnetic structures imply an incommensurable modulation of the magnetic moments along the c or a directions, depending on the substitution degree x. A cluster picture in terms of chemically different nanoregions responsible of the macroscopic response is discussed. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd and Techna Group S.r.l. All rights reserved.

Title:
Quasicrystallinity expressed in two-dimensional coordination networks
Authors:
Urgel, JI; Ecija, D; Lyu, GQ; Zhang, R; Palma, CA; Auwarter, W; Lin, NA; Barth, JV Author Full Names: Urgel, Jose I.; Ecija, David; Lyu, Guoqing; Zhang, Ran; Palma, Carlos-Andres; Auwaerter, Willi; Lin, Nian; Barth, Johannes V.
Source:
NATURE CHEMISTRY, 8 (7):657-662; 10.1038/nchem.2507 JUL 2016
Abstract:
The recognition of quasicrystals, which exhibit long-range order but lack translational symmetry, represented both the introduction of a new class of materials and a transformative breakthrough in crystallography. Concomitant with the exploration of quasicrystallinity, metal-organic architectures emerged as promising and versatile systems with significant application potential. Their building principles have been studied extensively and become manifest in a multitude of intricate amorphous and crystalline phases. To date, however, indications for quasicrystalline order have been elusive in metal-organic coordination networks (MOCNs). Here we employ rare-earth-directed assembly to construct a two-dimensional tiling with quasicrystalline characteristics at a well-defined gold substrate. By careful stoichiometry control over europium centres and functional linkers, we produced a porous network, including the simultaneous expression of four-fold, five-fold and six-fold vertices. The pertaining features were directly inspected by scanning tunnelling microscopy, and the molecule-europium reticulation was recognized as square-triangle tessellation with dodecagonal symmetry. Our findings introduce quasicrystallinity in surface-confined MOCNs with a nanoporous structure and anticipate functionalities that arise from quasicrystalline ordering of the coordinative spheres.

Title:
Microstructure and mechanical properties of aluminium matrix composites reinforced by Al62Cu25.5Fe12.5 melt spun ribbon
Authors:
Litynska-Dobrzynska, L; Mitka, M; Goral, A; Stan-Glowinska, K; Dutkiewicz, J Author Full Names: Litynska-Dobrzynska, Lidia; Mitka, Mikolaj; Goral, Anna; Stan-Glowinska, Katarzyna; Dutkiewicz, Jan
Source:
MATERIALS CHARACTERIZATION, 117 127-133; 10.1016/j.matchar.2016.04.025 JUL 2016
Abstract:
Aluminium matrix composites containing 15, 30 and 50 vol.% of pulverized Al62Cu25.5Fe12.5 (in at.%) melt spun ribbons have been prepared by a vacuum hot pressing (T = 673 K, P = 600 MPa). The microstructure of the initial ribbon and the composites was investigated using X-ray, scanning and transmission electron microscopy. In the as-spun ribbon the quasicrystalline icosahedral phase (i-phase) coexisted with the cubic copper rich beta-Al(Cu, Fe) intermetallic compound. The phase composition of Al-Cu-Fe particles changed after consolidation process and the i-phase transformed partially to the omega-Al70Cu20Fe10 phase. Additionally, the Theta-Al2Cu phase formed at the alpha(Al)/Al-Cu-Fe particle interfaces. With an increase in volume fraction of the reinforcement the hardness of the composites increased up to HV = 180 for the highest amount of added particles. The ultimate compression strength of the same sample reached the value of 545 MPa. (C) 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Title:
Exploring metamagnetism of single crystalline EuNiGe3 by neutron scattering
Authors:
Fabreges, X; Gukasov, A; Bonville, P; Maurya, A; Thamizhavel, A; Dhar, SK Author Full Names: Fabreges, X.; Gukasov, A.; Bonville, P.; Maurya, A.; Thamizhavel, A.; Dhar, S. K.
Source:
PHYSICAL REVIEW B, 93 (21):10.1103/PhysRevB.93.214414 JUN 15 2016
Abstract:
We present here a neutron diffraction study, both in zero field and as a function of magnetic field, of the magnetic structure of the tetragonal intermetallic EuNiGe3 on a single crystalline sample. This material is known to undergo a cascade of transitions, first at 13.2 K towards an incommensurate modulated magnetic structure, then at 10.5 K to an antiferromagnetic structure. We show here that the low-temperature phase presents a spiral moment arrangement with wave vector k = (1/4, delta, 0). For a magnetic field applied along the tetragonal c axis, the square root of the scattering intensity of the (1 0 1) reflection matches very well the complex metamagnetic behavior of the magnetization along c measured previously. For the magnetic field applied along the b axis, two magnetic transitions are observed below the transition to a fully polarized state.

Title:
Commensurate and incommensurate spin-density waves in heavy electron systems
Authors:
Schlottmann, P Author Full Names: Schlottmann, P.
Source:
AIP ADVANCES, 6 (5):10.1063/1.4942549 MAY 2016
Abstract:
The nesting of the Fermi surfaces of an electron and a hole pocket separated by a nesting vector Q and the interaction between electrons gives rise to itinerant antiferromagnetism. The order can gradually be suppressed by mismatching the nesting and a quantum critical point (QCP) is obtained as the Neel temperature tends to zero. The transfer of pairs of electrons between the pockets can lead to a superconducting dome above the QCP (if Q is commensurate with the lattice, i.e. equal to G/2). If the vector Q is not commensurate with the lattice there are eight possible phases: commensurate and incommensurate spin and charge density waves and four superconductivity phases, two of them with modulated order parameter of the FFLO type. The renormalization group equations are studied and numerically integrated. A re-entrant SDW phase (either commensurate or incommensurate) is obtained as a function of the mismatch of the Fermi surfaces and the magnitude of vertical bar Q - G/2 vertical bar. (C) 2016 Author(s). All article content, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.

Update: 30-Jun-2016


Title:
The Z '=12 superstructure of A-cobalt(III) sepulchrate trinitrate governed by C-H center dot center dot center dot O hydrogen bonds
Authors:
Dey, S; Schonleber, A; Mondal, S; Prathapa, SJ; van Smaalen, S; Larsen, FK Author Full Names: Dey, Somnath; Schoenleber, Andreas; Mondal, Swastik; Prathapa, Siriyara Jagannatha; van Smaalen, Sander; Larsen, Finn Krebs
Source:
ACTA CRYSTALLOGRAPHICA SECTION B-STRUCTURAL SCIENCE CRYSTAL ENGINEERING AND MATERIALS, 72 372-380; 10.1107/S2052520616005503 3 JUN 2016
Abstract:
A-Cobalt(III) sepulchrate trinitrate crystallizes in P6(3)22 with Z = 2 (Z' = 1/6) at room temperature. Slabs perpendicular to the hexagonal axis comprise molecules Co(sepulchrate) alternating with nitrate groups A and B. Coordinated by six sepulchrate molecules, highly disordered nitrate groups C are accommodated between the slabs. Here we report the fully ordered, low temperature crystal structure of Co(sep)(NO3)(3). It is found to be a high-Z' structure with Z' = 12 of the 12-fold 6a(h) x root 3b(h) x c(h) superstructure with monoclinic symmetry P2(1) (c unique). Correlations between structural parameters are effectively removed by refinements within the superspace approach. Superstructure formation is governed by a densification of the packing in conjunction with ordering of nitrate group C, the latter assuming different orientations for each of the Z' = 12 independent copies in the superstructure. The Co(sep) moiety exhibits small structural variations over its 12 independent copies, while orientations of nitrate groups A and B vary less than the orientations of the nitrate group C do. Molecular packing in the superstructure is found to be determined by short C-H center dot center dot center dot H-C contacts, with H center dot center dot center dot H distances of 2.2-2.3 angstrom, and by short C H center dot center dot center dot O contacts, with H center dot center dot center dot O distances down to 2.2 angstrom. These contacts presumably represent weak C-H center dot center dot center dot O hydrogen bonds, but in any case they prevent further densification of the structure and strengthening of weak N-H center dot center dot center dot O hydrogen bonds with observed H center dot center dot center dot O distances of 2.4-2.6 angstrom.

Title:
New insight on bismuth cuprates with incommensurate modulated structures
Authors:
Mironov, AV; Petricek, V; Khasanova, NR; Antipov, EV Author Full Names: Mironov, Andrei V.; Petricek, Vaclav; Khasanova, Nellie R.; Antipov, Evgeny V.
Source:
ACTA CRYSTALLOGRAPHICA SECTION B-STRUCTURAL SCIENCE CRYSTAL ENGINEERING AND MATERIALS, 72 395-403; 10.1107/S2052520616005643 3 JUN 2016
Abstract:
The incommensurate modulated crystal structure of Bi2.27Sr1.73CuO6+delta (2201) phase [a = 5.3874 (5), b = 5.3869 (4), c = 24.579 (3) angstrom; beta = 90.01 (1)degrees, q = 0.2105 (3)a* + 0.538 (4)c*, Z = 4, the (3 + 1) -dimensional monoclinic A2/a(alpha 0 gamma) group] has been refined with R = 0.041, wR = 0.052 from X-ray single-crystal data including up to third-order satellite reflections. The same structure has also been considered as incommensurate composite with a(2) = 2.437, b(2) = 5.387, c(2) = 24.614, beta(2) = 93.06, q(2) = 0.4524a(2)* -0.243c(2)* and the (3 + 1)-dimensional A2/m(alpha 0 gamma)0s group for the second component. Both approaches give quite similar results. The structure possesses oxygen disorder in the oxygen-rich region of the BiO layer. An extra 0 atom is determined in the bridging position shifted similar to 0.6 angstrom from BiO towards the SrO layer. Its presence is the cause of the tremendous increase of the bismuth U-11 atomic displacement parameter in similar to 20% of the unit cells (t = -0.05-0.15). Vacancies are determined in the oxygen site of the SrO layer, which may result in the oxygen content variation with annealing at different oxygen pressures. The total refined oxygen content 6.18 (1) corresponds to the results of chemical analysis.

Update: 23-Jun-2016


Title:
Thermo-mechanical study of bulk glass forming Zr-Cu-Ni-Al alloys
Authors:
Spassov, T; Gyurov, S; Stefanov, G; Rangelov, A; Drenchev, L; Russew, K Author Full Names: Spassov, Tony; Gyurov, Stoyko; Stefanov, Georgi; Rangelov, Antoan; Drenchev, Lyudmil; Russew, Krassimir
Source:
JOURNAL OF NON-CRYSTALLINE SOLIDS, 443 103-107; 10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2016.04.006 JUL 1 2016
Abstract:
The thermal stability and viscous flow behavior of bulk glass forming Zr(68)Cu(13)Ni(11.5)A(17.5) and Zr69Cu12.5Ni11Al7.5 alloys are studied. The viscosity experimental results are interpreted based on the free volume model (FVM). The values of the obtained model parameters are used to estimate the glass forming ability (GFA) in terms of Angell parameter, and the fracture strength of the alloys based on its correlation with the glass transition temperature (T-g). The viscosity data are compared with DSC measurements. The two glasses, having similar composition, revealed comparable T-g, but one of them (Zr68Cu13Ni11.5Al7.5) showed substantially lower crystallization temperature due to quasicrystals formation. Higher GFA was obtained for Zr69Cu12.5Ni11Al7.5 alloy. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Title:
Origin of Quantum Criticality in Yb-Al-Au Approximant Crystal and Quasicrystal
Authors:
Watanabe, S; Miyake, K Author Full Names: Watanabe, Shinji; Miyake, Kazumasa
Source:
JOURNAL OF THE PHYSICAL SOCIETY OF JAPAN, 85 (6):10.7566/JPSJ.85.063703 JUN 15 2016
Abstract:
To get insight into the mechanism of emergence of unconventional quantum criticality observed in quasicrystal Yb15Al34Au51, the approximant crystal Yb14Al35Au51 is analyzed theoretically. By constructing a minimal model for the approximant crystal, the heavy quasiparticle band is shown to emerge near the Fermi level because of strong correlation of 4f electrons at Yb. We find that charge-transfer mode between 4f electron at Yb on the 3rd shell and 3p electron at Al on the 4th shell in Tsai-type cluster is considerably enhanced with almost flat momentum dependence. The mode-coupling theory shows that magnetic as well as valence susceptibility exhibits chi similar to T-0.5 for zero-field limit and is expressed as a single scaling function of the ratio of temperature to magnetic field T/B over four decades even in the approximant crystal when some condition is satisfied by varying parameters, e.g., by applying pressure. The key origin is clarified to be due to strong locality of the critical Yb-valence fluctuation and small Brillouin zone reflecting the large unit cell, giving rise to the extremely-small characteristic energy scale. This also gives a natural explanation for the quantum criticality in the quasicrystal corresponding to the infinite limit of the unit-cell size.

Title:
Pressure-Driven Quantum Criticality and T/H Scaling in the Icosahedral Au-Al-Yb Approximant
Authors:
Matsukawa, S; Deguchi, K; Imura, K; Ishimasa, T; Sato, NK Author Full Names: Matsukawa, Shuya; Deguchi, Kazuhiko; Imura, Keiichiro; Ishimasa, Tsutomu; Sato, Noriaki K.
Source:
JOURNAL OF THE PHYSICAL SOCIETY OF JAPAN, 85 (6):10.7566/JPSJ.85.063706 JUN 15 2016
Abstract:
We report on ac magnetic susceptibility measurements under pressure of the Au-Al-Yb alloy, a crystalline approximant to the icosahedral quasicrystal that shows unconventional quantum criticality. In describing the susceptibility as chi(T)(-1) - chi(0)(-1) alpha T-gamma, we find that chi(0)(-1) decreases with increasing pressure and vanishes to zero at the critical pressure P-c similar or equal to 2 GPa, with gamma (similar or equal to 0.5) unchanged. We suggest that this quantum criticality emerges owing to critical valence fluctuations. Above P-c, the approximant undergoes a magnetic transition at T similar or equal to 100 mK. These results are contrasted with the fact that, in the quasicrystal, the quantum criticality is robust against the application of pressure. The applicability of the so-called T/H scaling to the approximant is also discussed.

Title:
d-Density Wave Scenario Description of the New Hidden Charge Order in Cuprates
Authors:
Makhfudz, I Author Full Names: Makhfudz, Imam
Source:
JOURNAL OF THE PHYSICAL SOCIETY OF JAPAN, 85 (6):10.7566/JPSJ.85.064701 JUN 15 2016
Abstract:
In this paper, we show that the theory of high T-c superconductivity based on a microscopic model with d-density wave (DDW) scenario in the pseudogap phase is able to reproduce some of the most important features of the recent experimentally discovered hidden charge order in several families of Cuprates. In particular, by computing and comparing energies of charge orders of different modulation directions derived from a full microscopic theory with d-density wave scenario, the axial charge order phi(X(Y)) with wavevector Q = (Q(0), 0)((0, Q(0))) is shown to be unambiguously energetically more favorable over the diagonal charge order phi(X+Y) with wavevector Q = (Q(0), +/- Q(0)) at least in commensurate limit, to be expected also to hold even to more general incommensurate case, in agreement with experiment. The two types of axial charge order phi(X) and phi(Y) are degenerate by symmetry. We find that within the superconducting background, biaxial (checkerboard) charge order is energetically more favorable than uniaxial (stripe) charge order, and therefore checkerboard axial charge order should be the one observed in experiments, assuming a single domain of charge ordered state on each CuO2 plane.

Title:
Superlubricity in quasicrystalline twisted bilayer graphene
Authors:
Koren, E; Duerig, U Author Full Names: Koren, Elad; Duerig, Urs
Source:
PHYSICAL REVIEW B, 93 (20):10.1103/PhysRevB.93.201404 MAY 31 2016
Abstract:
The unique atomic positions in quasicrystals lead to peculiar self-similarity and fractal-like structural morphology. Accordingly, many of the material properties are supposed to manifest exceptional characteristics. In this Rapid Communication, we explain through numerical simulations the fundamental and peculiar aspects of quasicrystals wearless friction manifested in a 30 degrees twisted bilayer graphene system. In particular, the sliding force exhibits a fractal structure with distinct area correlations due to the natural mixture between both periodic and aperiodic lateral modulations. In addition, zero power scaling of the sliding force with respect to the contact area is demonstrated for a geometric sequence of dodecagonal elements.

Title:
Temperature dependences of the electric polarization and wave number of incommensurate structures in multiferroics
Authors:
Pikin, SA Author Full Names: Pikin, S. A.
Source:
CRYSTALLOGRAPHY REPORTS, 61 (3):449-455; 10.1134/S1063774516030214 MAY 2016
Abstract:
It is shown that the electric polarization and wave number of incommensurate modulations, proportional to each other, increase according to the Landau law in spin multiferroic cycloids near the N,el temperature. In this case, the constant magnetization component (including the one for a conical spiral) is oriented perpendicular to the spin incommensurability wave vector. A similar temperature behavior should manifest itself for spin helicoids, the axes of which are oriented parallel to the polarization vector but their spin rotation planes are oriented perpendicular to the antiferromagnetic order plane. When the directions of axes of the magnetization helicoid and polarization vector coincide, the latter is quadratic with respect to magnetization and linearly depends on temperature, whereas the incommensurate-modulation wave number barely depends on temperature. Structural distortions of unit cells for multiferroics of different types determine their axial behavior.

Update: 20-Jun-2016


Title:
Determination of shapes and preferred growth directions of icosahedral quasicrystals from the 2D-sections
Authors:
Zupanic, F; Boncina, T Author Full Names: Zupanic, Franc; Boncina, Tonica
Source:
JOURNAL OF ALLOYS AND COMPOUNDS, 681 532-540; 10.1016/j.allcom.2016.04.255 OCT 5 2016
Abstract:
The icosahedral quasicrystalline phases have been present in many alloys either as nearly regular polyhedra or dendrites. This work provides a systematic approach for the determination of shapes of polyhedra with icosahedral symmetry, and the determination of preferred growth directions of icosahedral dendrites from their 2D-sections; i.e. from the surface of polished samples. The possible shapes of polyhedra and dendrites by differently oriented intersecting planes are presented within the icosahedral stereographic triangle. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Title:
Incommensurate counterrotating magnetic order stabilized by Kitaev interactions in the layered honeycomb alpha-Li2IrO3
Authors:
Williams, SC; Johnson, RD; Freund, F; Choi, S; Jesche, A; Kimchi, I; Manni, S; Bombardi, A; Manuel, P; Gegenwart, P; Coldea, R Author Full Names: Williams, S. C.; Johnson, R. D.; Freund, F.; Choi, Sungkyun; Jesche, A.; Kimchi, I.; Manni, S.; Bombardi, A.; Manuel, P.; Gegenwart, P.; Coldea, R.
Source:
PHYSICAL REVIEW B, 93 (19):10.1103/PhysRevB.93.195158 MAY 26 2016
Abstract:
The layered honeycomb magnet alpha-Li2IrO3 has been theoretically proposed as a candidate to display unconventional magnetic behaviour associated with Kitaev interactions between spin-orbit entangled j(eff) = 1/2 magnetic moments on a honeycomb lattice. Here we report single crystal magnetic resonant x-ray diffraction combined with powder magnetic neutron diffraction to reveal an incommensurate magnetic order in the honeycomb layers with Ir magnetic moments counterrotating on nearest-neighbor sites. This unexpected type of magnetic structure for a honeycomb magnet cannot be explained by a spin Hamiltonian with dominant isotropic (Heisenberg) couplings. The magnetic structure shares many key features with the magnetic order in the structural polytypes beta- and gamma-Li2IrO3, understood theoretically to be stabilized by dominant Kitaev interactions between Ir moments located on the vertices of three-dimensional hyperhoneycomb and stripyhoneycomb lattices, respectively. Based on this analogy and a theoretical soft-spin analysis of magnetic ground states for candidate spin Hamiltonians, we propose that Kitaev interactions also dominate in alpha-Li2IrO3, indicative of universal Kitaev physics across all three members of the harmonic honeycomb family of Li2IrO3 polytypes.

Title:
Strong enhancement of superconductivity at high pressures within the charge-density-wave states of 2H-TaS2 and 2H-TaSe2
Authors:
Freitas, DC; Rodiere, P; Osorio, MR; Navarro-Moratalla, E; Nemes, NM; Tissen, VG; Cario, L; Coronado, E; Garcia-Hernandez, M; Vieira, S; Nunez-Regueiro, M; Suderow, H Author Full Names: Freitas, D. C.; Rodiere, P.; Osorio, M. R.; Navarro-Moratalla, E.; Nemes, N. M.; Tissen, V. G.; Cario, L.; Coronado, E.; Garcia-Hernandez, M.; Vieira, S.; Nunez-Regueiro, M.; Suderow, H.
Source:
PHYSICAL REVIEW B, 93 (18):10.1103/PhysRevB.93.184512 MAY 24 2016
Abstract:
We present measurements of the superconducting and charge-density-wave (CDW) critical temperatures (T-c and T-CDW) as a function of pressure in the transition metal dichalchogenides 2H-TaSe2 and 2H-TaS2. Resistance and susceptibility measurements show that T-c increases from temperatures below 1 K up to 8.5 K at 9.5 GPa in 2H-TaS2 and 8.2 K at 23 GPa in 2H-TaSe2. We observe a kink in the pressure dependence of T-CDW at about 4 GPa that we attribute to the lock-in transition from incommensurate CDW to commensurate CDW. Above this pressure, the commensurate TCDW slowly decreases, coexisting with superconductivity within our full pressure range.

Title:
Self-lubricating, low-friction, wear-resistant Al-based quasicrystalline coatings
Authors:
de Lima, BASG; Gomes, RM; de Lima, SJG; Dragoe, D; Barthes-Labrousse, MG; Kouitat-Njiwa, R; Dubois, JM Author Full Names: Silva Guedes de Lima, Bruno Alessandro; Gomes, Rodinei Medeiros; Guedes de Lima, Severino Jackson; Dragoe, Diana; Barthes-Labrousse, Marie-Genevieve; Kouitat-Njiwa, Richard; Dubois, Jean-Marie
Source:
SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY OF ADVANCED MATERIALS, 17 (1):71-79; 10.1080/14686996.2016.1152563 2016
Abstract:
After gas atomization, a quasicrystalline powder based on aluminium was used to prepare a thick coating by high-velocity oxygen-fuel flame torch spraying. This layer was deposited on top of a bond-coat layer on a steel plate. A post-spraying annealing treatment turned the two layers to their stable state, a.-brass crystal and an icosahedral quasicrystal, respectively. The projection parameters were selected in such a way that the coating behaved like a self-lubricating material, which offered very good wear resistance (duration of pin-on-disk tests superior to 5 km with negligible material loss) and low friction (mu <= 6% against sintered tungsten carbide), in contrast to the state of the art. This property was achieved thanks to, on the one hand, excellent bonding to the substrate via the bound coat, and on the other hand, presence at the boundaries between quasicrystalline flakes of a mixture of both threefold and fourfold coordinated carbon originating from spray processing. Application to hard materials used in mechanical devices is appealing, especially because soft, lubricating additives may not be needed, thus considerably increasing the lifetime of the devices and reducing waste of materials.

Update: 8-Jun-2016


Title:
Evolution of the magnetic structure of TbRu2Al10 in applied field
Authors:
White, R; Hutchison, WD; Mizushima, T; Studer, AJ Author Full Names: White, R.; Hutchison, W. D.; Mizushima, T.; Studer, A. J.
Source:
JOURNAL OF ALLOYS AND COMPOUNDS, 679 169-176; 10.1016/j.jallcom.2016.04.039 SEP 15 2016
Abstract:
TbRu2Al10 is found to undergo two magnetic phase transitions as a function of temperature and three as a function of applied field at low temperature. The Tb3+ magnetic moments order antiferromagnetically along the c-axis at 15.0(3) K, with an incommensurate sinusoidally modulated structure with a propagation vector of k = (0, 0.759(1), 0). At 6.5(3) K the structure switches to square wave order. Analysis of single crystal TbRu2Al10 has revealed that this square wave structure is altered to a 'pulse wave' on application of a 1.30 T magnetic field along the c-axis, with two in fifty of the magnetic moments across the structure changing direction to be aligned parallel with the direction of the field. At 1.85 T a further three moments flip, leading to a duty cycle of 60% and resulting in a total change of one in ten moments from the starting square wave structure. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Title:
Two iridates, two models, and two approaches: A comparative study on magnetism in three-dimensional honeycomb materials
Authors:
Lee, EKH; Rau, JG; Kim, YB Author Full Names: Lee, Eric Kin-Ho; Rau, Jeffrey G.; Kim, Yong Baek
Source:
PHYSICAL REVIEW B, 93 (18):10.1103/PhysRevB.93.184420 MAY 17 2016
Abstract:
Two recent theoretical works studied the role of Kitaev interactions in the newly observed incommensurate magnetic order in the hyper-honeycomb (beta-Li2IrO3) and stripy-honeycomb (gamma-Li2IrO3) iridates. Each of these works analyzed a different model (JK Gamma versus coupled zigzag chain model) using a contrasting method (classical versus soft-spin analysis). The lack of commonality between these works precludes meaningful comparisons and a proper understanding of these unusual orderings. In this study, we complete the unfinished picture initiated by these two works by solving both models with both approaches for both three-dimensional (3D) honeycomb iridates. Through comparisons between all combinations of models, techniques, and materials, we find that the bond-isotropic JK Gamma model consistently predicts the experimental phase of beta-Li2IrO3 regardless of the method used, while the experimental phase of gamma-Li2IrO3 can be generated by the soft-spin approach with eigenmode mixing irrespective of the model used. To gain further insights, we solve a one-dimensional (1D) quantum spin-chain model related to both 3D models using the density matrix renormalization group method to form a benchmark. We discover that in the 1D model, incommensurate correlations in the classical and soft-spin analysis survive in the quantum limit only in the presence of the symmetric-off-diagonal exchange Gamma found in the JK Gamma model. The relevance of these results to the real materials is also discussed.

Update: 1-Jun-2016


Title:
Ternary phases forming adjacent to Al3Mn-Al4Mn in Al-Mn-TM (TM = Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, Pd)
Authors:
Grushko, B; Pavlyuchkov, D; Mi, SB; Balanetskyy, S Author Full Names: Grushko, B.; Pavlyuchkov, D.; Mi, S. B.; Balanetskyy, S.
Source:
JOURNAL OF ALLOYS AND COMPOUNDS, 677 148-162; 10.1016/j.jallcom.2016.03.220 AUG 25 2016
Abstract:
The Al-Mn alloy system contains complex intermetallics in its Al-rich part, and this was the first system where quasiperiodic structures were recognized. In the present work, the solubility of TMs (TM = Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn and Pd) in the stable binaries, the stabilization effect of these elements on the metastable binaries and the formation of ternary compounds are specified and compared. While the solubility of all these TMs in hexagonal mu-Al4Mn and lambda-Al4Mn is low, the high-temperature orthorhombic T-Al3Mn dissolves up to at least 14.5, 12, 16 and 7.5 at.% Fe, Cu, Zn and Pd, respectively. The metastable hexagonal phi-Al10Mn3 is stabilized by Fe, Co and Ni in wide ternary compositional regions, and in Al-Co-Mn such a region propagates up to Al5Co2. In alloys with Fe, Co and Ni, a ternary hexagonal phase isostructural to the Al-Cr-Ni zeta-phase (P6(3)/m, a approximate to 1.76, c approximate to 1.25 nm) is formed along similar to 80 at.% Al, while in alloys with Cu and Pd the orthorhombic so-called R-phase (Bbmm, a approximate to 2.41, b approximate to 1.25, c approximate to 0.76 nm) was found at similar compositions. This structure is also known in Al-Zn-Mn but at much lower-Al Al68Zn14.5Mn17.5, while in the range of 75-80 at.% Al a monoclinic phase isostructural to eta-Al11Cr2 (C2/c, a approximate to 1.76, b approximate to 3.04, c approximate to 1.76 nm, beta approximate to 90 degrees) is formed. In addition to the stable decagonal D-3-phase in Al-Fe-Mn and Al-Pd-Mn reported earlier, the stabilization of binary Al-Mn D-3-phase was revealed around Al64Cu20Mn16. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Title:
Medium-range structure and glass forming ability in Zr-Cu-Al bulk metallic glasses
Authors:
Zhang, P; Maldonis, JJ; Besser, MF; Kramer, MJ; Voyles, PM Author Full Names: Zhang, Pei; Maldonis, Jason J.; Besser, M. F.; Kramer, M. J.; Voyles, Paul M.
Source:
ACTA MATERIALIA, 109 103-114; 10.1016/j.actamat.2016.02.006 MAY 1 2016
Abstract:
Fluctuation electron microscopy experiments combined with hybrid reverse Monte Carlo modeling show a correlation between medium-range structure at the nanometer scale and glass forming ability in two Zr-Cu-Al bulk metallic glass (BMG) alloys. Both Zr50Cu35Al15 and Zr50Cu45Al5 exhibit two nanoscale structure types, one icosahedral and the other more crystal-like. In Zr50Cu35Al15, the poorer glass former, the crystal-like structure is more stable under annealing below the glass transition temperature, T-g, than in Zr50Cu45Al5. Variable resolution fluctuation microscopy of the MRO clusters show that in Zr50Cu35Al15 on sub-T-g annealing, the crystal-like clusters shrink even as they grow more ordered, while icosahedral-like clusters grow. Overall, the results suggest that achieving better glass forming ability in this alloy system may depend more on destabilizing crystal-like structures than enhancing non-crystalline structures. (C) 2016 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Title:
Influence of pre-strain on the aging hardening effect of the Mg-9.02Zn-1.68Y alloy
Authors:
Ye, J; Lin, XP; Zhao, TB; Liu, NN; Xie, HB; Niu, Y; Teng, F Author Full Names: Ye, Jie; Lin, Xiao-ping; Zhao, Tian-bo; Liu, Ning-ning; Xie, Hong-bin; Niu, Yi; Teng, Fei
Source:
MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING A-STRUCTURAL MATERIALS PROPERTIES MICROSTRUCTURE AND PROCESSING, 663 49-55; 10.1016/j.msea.2016.03.115 APR 29 2016
Abstract:
The solid-solution state Mg-7.68Zn-1.68Y alloy was pre-compressed before the isothermal aging treatment at 200 degrees C, then the pre-induced twinning and its influence on the aging microstructure and aging hardening effect were investigated using EBSD, TEM and SEM. Results showed that: about 15% (area fraction) lenticular (1012) tensile twinning were induced into the matrix when the alloy was compressed by 3% pre-strain; and when the amount of pre-strain increased, area fraction of twinning would increase, average size of twinning would decrease, morphology and structure of twinning would change: when the pre-strain reached 15%, about 28% (area fraction) of narrow double twinning (10 (1) over bar1)-(10 (1) over bar2)would be induced, while the anamorphosis of double twinning were mostly inter-crossing. In addition, twinning could become an effective substrate for nucleation. And different from precipitates in the matrix, which is rod-shaped beta'(1)1-MgZn2 growing along a certain direction, precipitates in the twin boundaries were granular icosahedral quasi -crystal phase with 5 -times rotational symmetric diffraction pattern. And when the pre-strain was in the range of 3-15%, aging hardening effect increased with pre-strain; when pre-strain were 10-15%, the peak hardness arrived 110HV, 28% improved compared to that of the not pre-deformed one (86HV); when the pre-strain exceeded 20%, the aging hardening effect would decrease. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Title:
Determination of the zero-field magnetic structure of the helimagnet MnSi at low temperature
Authors:
de Reotier, PD; Maisuradze, A; Yaouanc, A; Roessli, B; Amato, A; Andreica, D; Lapertot, G Author Full Names: de Reotier, P. Dalmas; Maisuradze, A.; Yaouanc, A.; Roessli, B.; Amato, A.; Andreica, D.; Lapertot, G.
Source:
PHYSICAL REVIEW B, 93 (14):10.1103/PhysRevB.93.144419 APR 22 2016
Abstract:
Below a temperature of approximately 29 K the manganese magnetic moments of the cubic binary compound MnSi order to a long-range incommensurate helical magnetic structure. Here we quantitatively analyze a high-statistic zero-field muon spin rotation spectrum recorded in the magnetically ordered phase of MnSi by exploiting the result of representation theory as applied to the determination of magnetic structures. Instead of a gradual rotation of the magnetic moments when moving along a (111) axis, we find that the angle of rotation between the moments of certain subsequent planes is essentially quenched. It is the magnetization of pairs of planes which rotates when moving along a (111) axis, thus preserving the overall helical structure.

Title:
Incommensurate-commensurate transitions in the monoaxial chiral helimagnet driven by the magnetic field
Authors:
Laliena, V; Campo, J; Kishine, JI; Ovchinnikov, AS; Togawa, Y; Kousaka, Y; Inoue, K Author Full Names: Laliena, Victor; Campo, Javier; Kishine, Jun-Ichiro; Ovchinnikov, Alexander S.; Togawa, Yoshihiko; Kousaka, Yusuke; Inoue, Katsuya
Source:
PHYSICAL REVIEW B, 93 (13):10.1103/PhysRevB.93.134424 APR 20 2016
Abstract:
The zero-temperature phase diagram of the monoaxial chiral helimagnet in the magnetic-field plane formed by the components parallel and perpendicular to the helical axis is thoroughly analyzed. The nature of the transition to the commensurate state depends on the angle between the field and the helical axis. For field directions close to the directions parallel or perpendicular to the helical axis the transition is continuous, while for intermediate angles the transition is discontinuous and the incommensurate and commensurate states coexist on the transition line. The continuous and discontinuous transition lines are separated by two tricritical points with specific singular behavior. The location of the continuous and discontinuous lines and of the tricritical points depend strongly on the easy-plane anisotropy, the effect of which is analyzed. For high anisotropy the conical approximation locates the transition line very accurately, although it does not predict the continuous transitions and the tricritical behavior. It is shown that for high anisotropy, as in CrNb3S6, the form of the transition line is universal, that is, independent of the sample, and obeys a simple equation. The position of the tricritical points, which is not universal, is theoretically estimated for a sample of CrNb3S6.

Title:
Low-Temperature Oxidation of Fine UO2 Powders: A Process of Nanosized Domain Development
Authors:
Leinders, G; Pakarinen, J; Delville, R; Cardinaels, T; Binnemans, K; Verwerft, M Author Full Names: Leinders, Gregory; Pakarinen, Janne; Delville, Remi; Cardinaels, Thomas; Binnemans, Koen; Verwerft, Marc
Source:
INORGANIC CHEMISTRY, 55 (8):3915-3927; 10.1021/acs.inorgchem.6b00127 APR 18 2016
Abstract:
The nanostructure and phase evolution in low-temperature oxidized (40-250 degrees C), fine UO2 powders (<200 nm) have been investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM). The extent of oxidation was also measured via in situ thermogravimetric analysis. The oxidation of fine powders was found to, proceed differently as compared to oxidation of coarse grained UO2. No discrete surface oxide layer was observed and no U3O8 was formed, despite the high degree of oxidation (up to O/U = 2.45). Instead, nanosized (5-15 nm) amorphous nuclei (interpreted as amorphous UO3), unmodulated and modulated U4O9, and a continuous range of U3O7-z phases with varying tetragonal distortion (c/a > 1) were observed. Oxidation involves formation of higher uranium oxides in nanodomains near the grain surface which, initially, have a disordered defect structure ("disordered U4O9"). As oxidation progresses, domain growth increases and the long period modulated structure of U4O9 develops ("ordered U4O9"). A similar mechanism is understood to happen also in U3O7-z.

Title:
Disorder-promoted C-4-symmetric magnetic order in iron-based superconductors
Authors:
Hoyer, M; Fernandes, RM; Levchenko, A; Schmalian, J Author Full Names: Hoyer, Mareike; Fernandes, Rafael M.; Levchenko, Alex; Schmalian, Joerg
Source:
PHYSICAL REVIEW B, 93 (14):10.1103/PhysRevB.93.144414 APR 18 2016
Abstract:
In most iron-based superconductors, the transition to the magnetically ordered state is closely linked to a lowering of structural symmetry from tetragonal (C-4) to orthorhombic (C-2). However, recently, a regime of C-4-symmetric magnetic order has been reported in certain hole-doped iron-based superconductors. This novel magnetic ground state can be understood as a double-Q spin density wave characterized by two order parameters M-1 and M-2 related to each of the two Q vectors. Depending on the relative orientations of the order parameters, either a noncollinear spin-vortex crystal or a nonuniform charge-spin density wave could form. Experimentally, Mossbauer spectroscopy, neutron scattering, and muon spin rotation established the latter as the magnetic configuration of some of these optimally hole-doped iron-based superconductors. Theoretically, low-energy itinerant models do support a transition from single-Q to double-Q magnetic order, but with nearly degenerate spin-vortex crystal and charge-spin density wave states. In fact, extensions of these low-energy models including additional electronic interactions tip the balance in favor of the spin-vortex crystal, in apparent contradiction with the recent experimental findings. In this paper we revisit the phase diagram of magnetic ground states of low-energy multiband models in the presence of weak disorder. We show that impurity scattering not only promotes the transition from C-2 to C-4-magnetic order, but it also favors the charge-spin density wave over the spin-vortex crystal phase. Additionally, in the single-Q phase, our analysis of the nematic coupling constant in the presence of disorder supports the experimental finding that the splitting between the structural and stripe-magnetic transition is enhanced by disorder.

Title:
Low-temperature magnetic phase transitions in the multiferroic Nd0.9Dy0.1Fe3(BO3)(4). Part 1. Transitions induced by magnetic fields directed along the trigonal symmetry axis. Spontaneous transitions with temperature changes
Authors:
Zvyagina, GA; Zhekov, KR; Bilych, IV; Kolodyazhnaya, MP; Zvyagin, AA; Bludov, AN; Pashchenko, VA; Gudim, IA Author Full Names: Zvyagina, G. A.; Zhekov, K. R.; Bilych, I. V.; Kolodyazhnaya, M. P.; Zvyagin, A. A.; Bludov, A. N.; Pashchenko, V. A.; Gudim, I. A.
Source:
LOW TEMPERATURE PHYSICS, 42 (4):273-279; 10.1063/1.4947480 APR 2016
Abstract:
The elastic and magnetic characteristics of single-crystal Nd0.9Dy0.1Fe3(BO3)(4) are studied at low temperatures in zero magnetic field and in external fields H vertical bar vertical bar C-3. The temperature dependences of the acoustic mode velocities and the magnetic susceptibility manifest a transition of the magnetic subsystem into a magnetically ordered state and two successive, spontaneous spin-reorientation phase transitions. The possibility of a spontaneous transition into an incommensurate (spiral) magnetic phase in the crystal is discussed. It is shown that an external magnetic field directed along the trigonal axis of the crystal induces a sequence of spin-reorientation phase transitions. An H-T phase diagram (H vertical bar vertical bar C-3) is constructed for this compound. Published by AIP Publishing.

Title:
3D Morphology and Formation Process of the Icosahedral Quasicrystalline Phase in Rapidly Solidified Al-Mn Alloy
Authors:
Kang, HJ; Hu, ZL; Gao, XX; Chen, ZN; Lu, YP; Jie, JC; Guo, JJ Author Full Names: Kang, Hui-Jun; Hu, Zhong-Lue; Gao, Xiao-Xia; Chen, Zong-Ning; Lu, Yi-Ping; Jie, Jin-Chuan; Guo, Jing-Jie
Source:
ACTA METALLURGICA SINICA-ENGLISH LETTERS, 29 (1):28-31; 10.1007/s40195-015-0357-y JAN 2016
Abstract:
Three-dimensional morphology and formation process of icosahedral quasicrystal phase have been investigated in a melt-spun Al-18Mn alloy (in wt%). Three distinct layers corresponding to varying temperature gradient have been observed on the cross section of the ribbons. 3D morphologies of cellular and dendritic icosahedral phase have been obtained through electro-etching. A model has been proposed to describe the formation process of the icosahedral phase and alpha-Al during the rapid solidification. The icosahedral phases are primarily precipitated from the melt into fine cellular and dendritic particles, and subsequently engulfed by the alpha-Al which propagates in a planar morphology.

Title:
Diffraction pattern of modulated structures described by Bessel functions
Authors:
Wolny, J; Buganski, I; Strzalka, R Author Full Names: Wolny, Janusz; Buganski, Ireneusz; Strzalka, Radoslaw
Source:
PHILOSOPHICAL MAGAZINE, 96 (13):1344-1359; 10.1080/14786435.2016.1161859 2016
Abstract:
We performed detailed analysis of 1D modulated structure (MS) with harmonic modulation within the statistical approach. By applying two-mode Fourier transform, we were able to derive analytically the structure factor for MS with single harmonic modulation component. We confirmed in a very smooth way that ordinary Bessel functions of the first kind define envelopes tuning the intensities of the diffraction peaks. This applies not only to main reflections of the diffraction pattern but also to all satellites. In the second part, we discussed in details the similarities between harmonically modulated structures with multiple modulations and 1D model quasicrystal. The Fourier expansion of the nodes' positions in the Fibonacci chain gives direct numerical definition of the atomic arrangement in MS. In that sense, we can define 1D quasicrystal as a MS with infinite number of harmonic modulations. We prove that characteristic measures (like v(u) relation typical for statistical approach and diffraction pattern) calculated for MS asymptotically approach their counterparts for 1D quasicrystal as large enough number of modulation terms is taken into account.

Title:
The Effect of the Drop Tube Process for the Quasicrystal Fine Particles Formation
Authors:
Takeda, Y; Kawamura, T; Nagayama, K Author Full Names: Takeda, Yuya; Kawamura, Tadaharu; Nagayama, Katsuhisa
Source:
JOURNAL OF THE JAPAN INSTITUTE OF METALS, 80 (4):273-279; 10.2320/jinstmet.JBW201506 2016
Abstract:
In general, quasicrystalline structures are produced by liquid quenching using a single roll, Bridgman and Czochralski method, which is typical for the production of single crystals. However, there are few reports of the quasicrystal formation using a containerless process; therefore, the effect of such a process is unclear. In this study, we have investigated the production of quasicrystalline fine particles and the formation ability of Al63Cu25Fe12, Al65Cu20Fe15, and Al70Ni15Co15 ternary alloys using a drop tube apparatus with a free fall length of 2.5 m. In addition, we have aimed to examine the effectiveness of the drop tube process for quasicrystal formation. The formation of dodecahedron crystals, which are considered a quasicrystalline phase, was observed in Al63Cu25Fe12 ternary fine particle samples prepared using the drop tube process under a He atmosphere (1 atm). Based on the heat flux, the calculated results suggested that the icosahedral phase was formed at high cooling rates of similar to 10(5) K/s. In the Al70Ni15Co15 ternary fine particle sample, aggregation of prismatic crystals was observed in the fine particle samples prepared using the drop tube process under an atmosphere of He (1 atm) and Ar (1 atm). Furthermore, formation of prismatic crystals was observed on the surface of fine particle samples prepared under a low-pressure Ar atmosphere (0.5 atm), under which the formation ability of quasicrystals was observed to be the highest. From these results, the formation ability of the Al-Ni-Co-based decagonal phase is suggested to increase with decreasing cooling rates. This result is different from that of the Al-Cu-Fe-based icosahedral quasicrystals.

Update: 27-May-2016


Title:
Self-consistent theory of nanodomain formation on nonpolar surfaces of ferroelectrics
Authors:
Morozovska, AN; Ievlev, AV; Obukhovskii, VV; Fomichov, Y; Varenyk, OV; Shur, VY; Kalinin, SV; Eliseev, EA Author Full Names: Morozovska, Anna N.; Ievlev, Anton V.; Obukhovskii, Vyacheslav V.; Fomichov, Yevhen; Varenyk, Oleksandr V.; Shur, Vladimir Ya.; Kalinin, Sergei V.; Eliseev, Eugene A.
Source:
PHYSICAL REVIEW B, 93 (16):10.1103/PhysRevB.93.165439 APR 28 2016
Abstract:
We propose a self-consistent theoretical approach capable of describing the features of the anisotropic nanodomain formation induced by a strongly inhomogeneous electric field of a charged scanning probe microscopy tip on nonpolar cuts of ferroelectrics. We obtained that a threshold field, previously regarded as an isotropic parameter, is an anisotropic function that is specified from the polar properties and lattice pinning anisotropy of a given ferroelectric in a self-consistent way. The proposed method for the calculation of the anisotropic threshold field is not material specific, thus the field should be anisotropic in all ferroelectrics with the spontaneous polarization anisotropy along the main crystallographic directions. The most evident examples are uniaxial ferroelectrics, layered ferroelectric perovskites, and low-symmetry incommensurate ferroelectrics. Obtained results quantitatively describe the differences at several times in the nanodomain length experimentally observed on X and Y cuts of LiNbO3 and can give insight into the anisotropic dynamics of nanoscale polarization reversal in strongly inhomogeneous electric fields.

Title:
Incommensurate spin correlations in highly oxidized cobaltates La2-xSrxCoO4
Authors:
Li, ZW; Drees, Y; Kuo, CY; Guo, H; Ricci, A; Lamago, D; Sobolev, O; Rutt, U; Gutowski, O; Pi, TW; Piovano, A; Schmidt, W; Mogare, K; Hu, Z; Tjeng, LH; Komarek, AC Author Full Names: Li, Z. W.; Drees, Y.; Kuo, C. Y.; Guo, H.; Ricci, A.; Lamago, D.; Sobolev, O.; Ruett, U.; Gutowski, O.; Pi, T. W.; Piovano, A.; Schmidt, W.; Mogare, K.; Hu, Z.; Tjeng, L. H.; Komarek, A. C.
Source:
SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, 6 10.1038/srep25117 APR 27 2016
Abstract:
We observe quasi-static incommensurate magnetic peaks in neutron scattering experiments on layered cobalt oxides La2-xSrxCoO4 with high Co oxidation states that have been reported to be paramagnetic. This enables us to measure the magnetic excitations in this highly hole-doped incommensurate regime and compare our results with those found in the low-doped incommensurate regime that exhibit hourglass magnetic spectra. The hourglass shape of magnetic excitations completely disappears given a high Sr doping. Moreover, broad low-energy excitations are found, which are not centered at the incommensurate magnetic peak positions but around the quarter-integer values that are typically exhibited by excitations in the checkerboard charge ordered phase. Our findings suggest that the strong inter-site exchange interactions in the undoped islands are critical for the emergence of hourglass spectra in the incommensurate magnetic phases of La2-xSrxCoO4.

Title:
Electronic nature of the lock-in magnetic transition in CeXAl4Si2
Authors:
Gunasekera, J; Harriger, L; Dahal, A; Maurya, A; Heitmann, T; Disseler, SM; Thamizhavel, A; Dhar, S; Singh, DJ; Singh, DK Author Full Names: Gunasekera, J.; Harriger, L.; Dahal, A.; Maurya, A.; Heitmann, T.; Disseler, S. M.; Thamizhavel, A.; Dhar, S.; Singh, D. J.; Singh, D. K.
Source:
PHYSICAL REVIEW B, 93 (15):10.1103/PhysRevB.93.155151 APR 25 2016
Abstract:
We have investigated the underlying magnetism in newly discovered single crystal Kondo lattices CeXAl4Si2, where X = Rh, Ir. We show that the compound undergoes an incommensurate-to-commensurate magnetic transition at T-c = 9.19 K (10.75 K in Ir). The spin correlation in the incommensurate phase is described by a spin density wave configuration of Ce ions, which locks in to the long-range antiferromagnetic order at T = T-c. The analysis of the experimental data, combined with the calculation of the electronic properties, suggests the role of the Fermi surface nesting as the primary mechanism behind this phenomenon.

Title:
Direct imaging of coexisting ordered and frustrated sublattices in artificial ferromagnetic quasicrystals
Authors:
Farmer, B; Bhat, VS; Balk, A; Teipel, E; Smith, N; Unguris, J; Keavney, DJ; Hastings, JT; De Long, LE Author Full Names: Farmer, B.; Bhat, V. S.; Balk, A.; Teipel, E.; Smith, N.; Unguris, J.; Keavney, D. J.; Hastings, J. T.; De Long, L. E.
Source:
PHYSICAL REVIEW B, 93 (13):10.1103/PhysRevB.93.134428 APR 25 2016
Abstract:
We have used scanning electron microscopy with polarization analysis and photoemission electron microscopy to image the two-dimensional magnetization of permalloy films patterned into Penrose P2 tilings (P2T). The interplay of exchange interactions in asymmetrically coordinated vertices and short-range dipole interactions among connected film segments stabilize magnetically ordered, spatially distinct sublattices that coexist with frustrated sublattices at room temperature. Numerical simulations that include long-range dipole interactions between sublattices agree with images of as-grown P2T samples and predict a magnetically ordered ground state for a two-dimensional quasicrystal lattice of classical Ising spins.

Title:
Confinement transition to density wave order in metallic doped spin liquids
Authors:
Patel, AA; Chowdhury, D; Allais, A; Sachdev, S Author Full Names: Patel, Aavishkar A.; Chowdhury, Debanjan; Allais, Andrea; Sachdev, Subir
Source:
PHYSICAL REVIEW B, 93 (16):10.1103/PhysRevB.93.165139 APR 25 2016
Abstract:
Insulating quantum spin liquids can undergo a confinement transition to a valence bond solid via the condensation of topological excitations of the associated gauge theory. We extend the theory of such transitions to fractionalized Fermi liquids (FL*): These are metallic doped spin liquids in which the Fermi surfaces only have gauge neutral quasiparticles. Using insights from a duality transform on a doped quantum dimer model for the U(1)-FL* state, we show that projective symmetry group of the theory of the topological excitations remains unmodified, but the Fermi surfaces can lead to additional frustrating interactions. We propose a theory for the confinement transition of Z2-FL* states via the condensation of visons. A variety of confining, incommensurate density wave states are possible, including some that are similar to the incommensurate d-form factor density wave order observed in several recent experiments on the cuprate superconductors.

Title:
Two Kinds of Contact Problems in Dodecagonal Quasicrystals of Point Group 12 mm
Authors:
Zhao, XF; Li, X; Ding, SH Author Full Names: Zhao, Xuefen; Li, Xing; Ding, Shenghu
Source:
ACTA MECHANICA SOLIDA SINICA, 29 (2):167-177; APR 2016
Abstract:
In this paper, two kinds of contact problems in 2-D dodecagonal quasicrystals were discussed using the complex variable function method: one is the finite frictional contact problem, the other is the adhesive contact problem. The analytic expressions of contact stresses in the phonon and phason fields were obtained for a flat rigid punch, which showed that: (1) for the finite frictional contact problem, the contact stress exhibited power-type singularities at the edge of the contact zone; (2) for the adhesive contact problem, the contact stress exhibited oscillatory singularities at the edge of the contact zone. The distribution regulation of contact stress under punch was illustrated; and the low friction property of quasicrystals was verified graphically.

Title:
Structure modulation, band structure, density of states and luminescent properties of columbite-type ZnNb2O6
Authors:
Zhao, D; Ma, FX; Zhang, RJ; Li, FF; Zhang, L; Yang, J; Fan, YC; Xin, X Author Full Names: Zhao, Dan; Ma, Fa-Xue; Zhang, Rui-Juan; Li, Fei-Fei; Zhang, Lei; Yang, Juan; Fan, Yun-Chang; Xin, Xia
Source:
CRYSTENGCOMM, 18 (16):2929-2936; 10.1039/c5ce01828e 2016
Abstract:
Zinc niobate ZnNb2O6, with a columbite-type structure, is a promising dielectric, photocatalytic and luminescent material, but the crystal structure has not been studied in detail. For the first time, we redetermined the crystal structure using single crystal X-ray diffraction and established the commensurately modulated structure model through high-dimensional formalism. The structure features a (3 + 1)-dimensional superspace group Pbcn(alpha 00)00s with the modulation vector q = 1/3a*. At the same time, calculations of the band structure and the density of states were performed using density functional theory to reveal the electronic origins of the optical transitions. In addition, the photoluminescent properties of ZnNb2O6 were studied, showing that a broad emission band at approximately 470 nm can achieve a high quantum efficiency of up to 64% with an optimal sintered temperature of 950 degrees C.

Update: 18-May-2016


Title:
Point contact tunneling spectroscopy of the density of states in Tb-Mg-Zn quasicrystals
Authors:
Escudero, R; Morales, F Author Full Names: Escudero, R.; Morales, F.
Source:
JOURNAL OF NON-CRYSTALLINE SOLIDS, 439 46-50; 10.1016/j.jnonaysol.2016.02.019 MAY 1 2016
Abstract:
According to theoretical predictions the quasicrystalline (QC) electronic density of states (DOS) must have a rich and fine spiky structure which actually has resulted elusive. The problem with its absence may be related to poor structural characteristics of the studied specimens, and/or to the non-existence of this spike characteristic. Recent calculations have shown that the fine structure indeed exists, but only for two dimensional approximants phases. The aim of the present study is to show our recent experimental studies with point contact tunnel junction spectroscopy performed in samples of very high quality. The studies were performed in icosahedral QC alloys with composition Tb9Mg35Zn56. We found the presence of a pseudogap feature at the Fermi level, small as compared to the pseudogap of other icosahedral materials. This study made in different spots on the QC shows quite different spectroscopic features, where the observed DOS was a fine non-spiky structure, distinct to theoretical predictions. In some regions of the specimens the spectroscopic features could be related to Kondo characteristics due to Tb magnetic atoms acting as impurities. Additionally, we observed that the spectroscopic features vanished under magnetic field. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Update: 12-May-2016


Title:
Quasicrystal as a Catalyst for the Synthesis of Carbon Nanotubes
Authors:
Kajiwara, K; Matsui, Y; Yadav, TP; Mukhopadhyay, NK; Srivastava, ON Author Full Names: Kajiwara, K.; Matsui, Y.; Yadav, T. P.; Mukhopadhyay, N. K.; Srivastava, O. N.
Source:
JOURNAL OF NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY, 16 (3):3084-3089; 10.1166/jnn.2016.12468 MAR 2016
Abstract:
The present report describes the catalytic activity of mechanically activated nano quasicrystalline Al65Cu20Fe15 and related nano crystalline Al50Cu28Fe22 for the synthesis of carbon nanotubes (CNTs). CNTs are synthesized by catalytic decomposition of ethanol through nano quasicrystalline Al65Cu20Fe15 and related crystalline Al50Cu28Fe22 alloys as a catalyst. The synthesized multi-walled CNTs exhibits tube diameter ranging from 5 to 25 nm. The synthesized CNTs are characterized by scanning and transmission electron microscopy. It is found that Al65Cu20Fe15 nanoquasicystal shows better catalytic behaviour as compared to nano-crystalline Al50Cu28Fe22 alloys for decomposition of ethanol during the synthesis of multi-walled CNTs.

Update: 5-May-2016


Title:
Long-period modulated structure and electric-field-induced structural transformation in Na0.5Bi0.5TiO3-based lead-free piezoelectrics
Authors:
Khatua, DK; Senyshyn, A; Ranjan, R Author Full Names: Khatua, Dipak Kumar; Senyshyn, Anatoliy; Ranjan, Rajeev
Source:
PHYSICAL REVIEW B, 93 (13):10.1103/PhysRevB.93.134106 APR 14 2016
Abstract:
Na0.5Bi0.5TiO3- based lead-free piezoelectrics exhibiting giant piezostrain are technologically interesting materials for actuator applications. The lack of clarity with regard to the structure of the nonpolar phase of this system has hindered the understanding of the structural mechanism associated with the giant piezostrain and other related phenomena. In this paper, we have investigated the structure and field-induced phase transformation behavior of a model system (0.94 - x) Na0.5Bi0.5TiO3-0.06BaTiO(3)-xK(0.5)Na(0.5)NbO(3) (0.0 <= x <= 0.025). A detailed structural analysis using neutron powder diffraction revealed that the nonpolar phase is neither cubic nor a mixture of rhombohedral (R3c) and tetragonal (P4bm) phases as commonly reported in literature but exhibits a long-period modulated structure, which is most probably of the type root 2 x root 2 x n with n = 16. Our results suggest that the giant piezoelectric strain is associated with a field-induced phase transformation of the long-period modulated structure to rhombohedral R3c structure above a critical field. We also demonstrate that the giant piezostrain is lost if the system retains a fraction of the field-induced R3c phase. A possible correlation among depolarization temperature, giant piezostrain, and its electrical fatigue behavior has also been indicated.

Title:
Temperature-dependent Fermi surface of the misfit cobaltite [Bi2Sr2O4](0.51)CoO2: A comparison with [Bi2Ba2O4](0.50)CoO2
Authors:
Takakura, S; Yamamoto, I; Koga, E; Ichikawa, F; Azuma, J; Maki, M Author Full Names: Takakura, Sho-ichi; Yamamoto, Isamu; Koga, Emi; Ichikawa, Fusao; Azuma, Junpei; Maki, Makoto
Source:
PHYSICAL REVIEW B, 93 (16):10.1103/PhysRevB.93.165118 APR 14 2016
Abstract:
Angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy has been performed to investigate the Fermi surface (FS) and the electronic structure of misfit cobaltites, by comparing [Bi2Sr2O4](p)CoO2 with [Bi2Ba2O4](0.50)CoO2. In [Bi2Sr2O4](0.51)CoO2, we observed a suppression of spectral weight near the Fermi energy. Nevertheless, the FS can be mapped out by measuring the photoelectron intensity distribution. The FS size changes with temperature. Additionally, results show that the electronic band structure at a higher binding energy was changed by changing the sample temperature. Our results provide insight into the characteristics of the pseudogap state in the misfit-layered cobaltites. The unusual properties are probably related to the local deformations of the incommensurate structure.

Title:
Structure modulations in nonlinear optical (NLO) materials Cs2TB4O9 (T = Ge, Si)
Authors:
Zhou, ZY; Xu, X; Fei, R; Mao, JG; Sun, JL Author Full Names: Zhou, Zhengyang; Xu, Xiang; Fei, Rao; Mao, Jianggao; Sun, Junliang
Source:
ACTA CRYSTALLOGRAPHICA SECTION B-STRUCTURAL SCIENCE CRYSTAL ENGINEERING AND MATERIALS, 72 194-200; 10.1107/S2052520615019733 2 APR 2016
Abstract:
Incommensurately modulated borate structures of a new type were studied in detail in the nonlinear optical (NLO) materials Cs2TB4O9 (T = Ge, Si) using single-crystal X-ray diffraction techniques. The structures were solved by the charge-flipping algorithm in the superspace group I2(alpha beta 0)0. The refinement results strongly suggest that the main structure modulation feature of Cs2TB4O9 is the ordering of the O atoms. With these modulated structure models, the unreasonable B-O distances in the average structures were explained as the ordering of BO4 and BO3.

Title:
Melilite-like modulation and temperature-dependent evolution in the framework structure of K2Sc[Si2O6]F
Authors:
Hejny, C; Kahlenberg, V; Eberhard, T; Kruger, H Author Full Names: Hejny, Clivia; Kahlenberg, Volker; Eberhard, Tim; Krueger, Hannes
Source:
ACTA CRYSTALLOGRAPHICA SECTION B-STRUCTURAL SCIENCE CRYSTAL ENGINEERING AND MATERIALS, 72 209-222; 10.1107/S2052520615024865 2 APR 2016
Abstract:
The crystal structure of synthetic K2Sc[Si2O6] F has been solved and refined as an incommensurately modulated structure in (3 + 2)-dimensional superspace. This paper describes the tetragonal structure in the superspace group P4(2)/mnm(alpha, alpha,0) 000s(-alpha, alpha,0) 0000 [a = 8.9878 (1), c = 8.2694 (2) angstrom, V = 668.01 (2) angstrom(3)] with modulation wavevectors q(1) = 0.2982 (4)(a* + b*) and q(2) = 0.2982 (4)(-a* + b*). Structure refinement taking into account the modulation of positional and ADP parameters for all atoms from 3074 observed main hkl00 and satellite reflections hklmn of first order with single, m.n = 0, and mixed, m.n = +/- 1, indices converged to a final R value of 0.0514. The structure is a mixed octahedral-tetrahedral framework composed of [ScO4F2] octahedra, [Si4O12] rings and K in variable coordination. Due to the modulation the O atoms move into and out of the first coordination sphere of K leading to a minimum of five and a maximum of 10 interatomic K-O distances up to 3.1 angstrom Although this feature is comparable to observations in modulated fresnoite and melilite group compounds, these structures differ from K2Sc[Si2O6] F with respect to their topology. On temperature increase the intensity of the satellite reflections decreases until they disappear just above 443 K. The high-temperature normal structure, in space group P4(2)/mnm, is identical to the room-temperature average structure of K2Sc[Si2O6]F.

Update: 29-Apr-2016


Title:
Metastable phase formation in ternary Mg-Gd-Zn alloys
Authors:
Grobner, J; Zhu, SM; Nie, JF; Gibson, MA; Schmid-Fetzer, R Author Full Names: Groebner, Joachim; Zhu, Suming; Nie, Jian-Feng; Gibson, Mark A.; Schmid-Fetzer, Rainer
Source:
JOURNAL OF ALLOYS AND COMPOUNDS, 675 149-157; 10.1016/j.jallcom.2016.03.106 AUG 5 2016
Abstract:
Two metastable phases have been identified in as-cast Mg-rich Mg-Gd-Zn alloys by TEM characterization. The I-phase was found to have a composition close to Gd11Mg29Zn60 with an icosahedral structure (a(R) = 0.524 nm). The H2-phase, with a composition close to Gd16Mg14Zn70, was identified to have a hexagonal structure (a = 0.937 nm and c = 0.977 nm). An extension of the thermodynamic description of the ternary Mg-Gd-Zn phase diagram to incorporate the formation of these metastable phases has been modelled. Thermodynamic simulation of metastable phase formation has been conducted by suppressing the formation of more stable phases in a constrained Scheil solidification simulation to form I and H2 phases. The results of these solidification simulations are compared with reported as-cast alloy structures. Limiting values for the Gd/Zn atomic ratio, similar to< 0.55 and similar to> 1.4, are found to be crucial for phase selection. An application to Mg-Zn-Gd-Y alloys is discussed briefly. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Title:
Phenomenological Magnetic Model in Tsai-Type Approximants
Authors:
Sugimoto, T; Tohyama, T; Hiroto, T; Tamura, R Author Full Names: Sugimoto, Takanori; Tohyama, Takami; Hiroto, Takanobu; Tamura, Ryuji
Source:
JOURNAL OF THE PHYSICAL SOCIETY OF JAPAN, 85 (5):10.7566/JPSJ.85.053701 MAY 15 2016
Abstract:
Motivated by the recent discovery of canted ferromagnetism in the Tsai-type approximants Au-Si-REs (RE = Tb, Dy, and Ho), we propose a phenomenological magnetic model reproducing their magnetic structure and thermodynamic quantities. In the model, the cubic symmetry (m (3) over bar) of the approximately regular icosahedra plays a key role in the peculiar magnetic structure determined by a neutron diffraction experiment. Our magnetic model does not only explain magnetic behaviors in the quasicrystal approximants, but also provides a good starting point for the possibility of the coexistence between the magnetic long-range order and the aperiodicity in quasicrystals.

Title:
Low temperature magneto-structural transitions in Mn3Ni20P6
Authors:
Cedervall, J; Beran, P; Vennstrom, M; Danielsson, T; Ronneteg, S; Hoglin, V; Lindell, D; Eriksson, O; Andre, G; Andersson, Y; Nordblad, P; Sahlberg, M Author Full Names: Cedervall, Johan; Beran, Premysl; Vennstrom, Marie; Danielsson, Therese; Ronneteg, Sabina; Hoglin, Viktor; Lindell, David; Eriksson, Olle; Andre, Gilles; Andersson, Yvonne; Nordblad, Per; Sahlberg, Martin
Source:
JOURNAL OF SOLID STATE CHEMISTRY, 237 343-348; 10.1016/j.jssc.2016.02.028 MAY 2016
Abstract:
X-ray and neutron powder diffraction has been used to determine the crystal and magnetic structure of Mn3Ni20P6. The crystal structure can be described as cubic with space group Fm (3) over barm (225) without any nuclear phase transformation within studied temperature interval from room temperature down to 4 K. The magnetic structure of Mn3Ni20P6 is complex with two independent magnetic positions for the Mn atoms and the compound passes three successive magnetic phase transitions during cooling. At 30 K the spins of the Mn atoms on the Wyckoff 4a site (Mn1) order to form a primitive cubic anti ferromagnetic structure with propagation vector k=(0 0 1). Between 29 and 26 K the Mn atoms on the Wyckoff 8c site (Mn2) order independently on already ordered Mn1 magnetic structure forming a commensurate antiferromagnetic structure with propagation vector k= (0 0 1/2) and below 26 K, both Mn positions order to form an incommensurate helical structure with propagation vector k=(0 0 similar to 0.45). Magnetization vs. temperature curve of Mn3Ni20P6 shows a steep increase indicating some magnetic ordering below 230 K and a sharp field dependent anomaly in a narrow temperature range around 30 K. (C) 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Title:
Europium and manganese magnetic ordering in EuMn2Ge2
Authors:
Ryan, DH; Rejali, R; Cadogan, JM; Flacau, R; Boyer, CD Author Full Names: Ryan, D. H.; Rejali, Rasa; Cadogan, J. M.; Flacau, R.; Boyer, C. D.
Source:
JOURNAL OF PHYSICS-CONDENSED MATTER, 28 (16):10.1088/0953-8984/28/16/166003 APR 27 2016
Abstract:
The antiferromagnetic structures of both the manganese and europium sublattices in EuMn2Ge2 have been determined using thermal neutron diffraction. T-N(Mn) = 714(5) K with the 3.35(5) mu(B) (at 285 K) Mn moments ordering according to the I4 '/m ' m ' m space group. The Eu order is incommensurate with the 6.1(2) mu(B) (at 3.6 K) Eu moments oriented parallel to the c-axis with a propagation vector of k = [0.153(2) 0 0]. Both neutron diffraction and Eu-151 Mossbauer spectroscopy reveal evidence of magnetic short-range ordering of the Eu sublattice around and above T-N(Eu) similar to 10 K. The ordering temperature of the Eu sublattice is strongly affected by the sample's thermal history and rapid quenching from the melting point may lead to a complete suppression of that ordering.

Title:
Quantum diffusion of electrons in quasiperiodic and periodic approximant lattices in the rare earth-cadmium system
Authors:
Armstrong, NMR; Mortimer, KD; Kong, T; Bud'ko, SL; Canfield, PC; Basov, DN; Timusk, T Author Full Names: Armstrong, N. M. R.; Mortimer, K. D.; Kong, T.; Bud'ko, S. L.; Canfield, P. C.; Basov, D. N.; Timusk, T.
Source:
PHILOSOPHICAL MAGAZINE, 96 (11):1122-1130; 10.1080/14786435.2016.1150612 APR 12 2016
Abstract:
Icosahedral quasicrystals are characterised by the absence of a distinct Drude peak in their low-frequency optical conductivity and the same is true of their crystalline approximants. We have measured the optical conductivity of i-GdCd [GRAPHICS] , an icosahedral quasicrystal, and two approximants, GdCd [GRAPHICS] and YCd [GRAPHICS] . We find that there is a significant difference in the optical properties of these compounds. The approximants have a zero frequency peak, characteristic of a metal, whereas the quasicrystal has a striking minimum. This is the first example where the transport properties of a quasicrystal and its approximant differ in such a fundamental way. Using a generalised Drude model introduced by Mayou, we find that our data are well described by this model. It implies that the quantum diffusion of electron wave packets through the periodic and quasiperiodic lattices is responsible for these dramatic differences: in the approximants, the transport is superdiffusive, whereas the quasicrystals show subdiffusive motion of the electrons.

Title:
Electromagnons, magnons, and phonons in Eu1-xHoxMnO3
Authors:
Chen, ZY; Schmidt, M; Wang, Z; Mayr, F; Deisenhofer, J; Mukhin, AA; Balbashov, AM; Loidl, A Author Full Names: Chen, Zhenyu; Schmidt, M.; Wang, Zhe; Mayr, F.; Deisenhofer, J.; Mukhin, A. A.; Balbashov, A. M.; Loidl, A.
Source:
PHYSICAL REVIEW B, 93 (13):10.1103/PhysRevB.93.134406 APR 6 2016
Abstract:
Here we present a detailed study of the terahertz and far-infrared response of the mixed perovskite manganite system Eu1-xHoxMnO3 for holmium concentrations x = 0.1 and 0.3. We compare the magnetic excitations of the four different magnetically ordered phases (A-type antiferromagnetic, sinusoidally modulated collinear, helical phases with spin planes perpendicular to the crystallographic a and c axes). The transition between the two latter phases goes hand in hand with a switching of the ferroelectric polarization from P parallel to a to P parallel to c. Special emphasis is paid to the temperature dependence of the excitations at this transition. We find a significant change of intensity indicating that the exchange-striction mechanism may not be the only mechanism to induce dipolar weight to spin-wave excitations. We also focus on excitations within the incommensurate collinear antiferromagnetic phase and find an excitation close to 40 cm(-1). A detailed analysis of optical weight gives a further unexpected result: In the multiferroic phase with P parallel to c all the spectral weight of the electromagnons comes from the lowest-phonon mode. However, for the phase with the polarization P parallel to a additional spectral weight must be transferred from higher frequencies.

Title:
Effect of platinum substitution on the structural and magnetic properties of Ni2MnGa ferromagnetic shape memory alloy
Authors:
Singh, S; D'Souza, SW; Nayak, J; Caron, L; Suard, E; Chadov, S; Felser, C Author Full Names: Singh, Sanjay; D'Souza, S. W.; Nayak, J.; Caron, L.; Suard, E.; Chadov, S.; Felser, C.
Source:
PHYSICAL REVIEW B, 93 (13):10.1103/PhysRevB.93.134102 APR 6 2016
Abstract:
Ni2MnGa exhibits ideal ferromagnetic shape memory properties, however, brittleness and a low-temperature martensite transition hinder its technological applications motivating the search for novel materials showing better mechanical properties as well as higher transition temperatures. In this work, the crystal structure, phase transitions, and the magnetic properties of quaternary Ni2-x Pt-x MnGa(0 <= x <= 1) shape memory alloys were studied experimentally by x-ray diffraction, magnetization measurements, and neutron diffraction and compared to ab initio calculations. Compositions within 0 <= x <= 0.25 exhibit the cubic austenite phase at room temperature. The x approximate to 0.3 composition exhibits a seven-layer modulated monoclinic martensite structure. Within 0.4 <= x <= 1, the system stabilizes in the nonmodulated tetragonal structure. The martensite transition has very narrow thermal hysteresis 0 <= x <= 0.3, which is a typical characteristic of a shape memory alloy. By increasing x, the temperature of the martensite transition increases, while that of the magnetic transition decreases. The x = 1 composition (NiPtMnGa) in the martensite phase undergoes a para-to-ferrimagnetic transition. The saturation magnetization exhibits a nontrivial behavior with increasing up to x approximate to 0.25, above which, it suddenly decreases. Powder neutron diffraction reveals the presence of antisite disorder, with about 17% of the original Ga sites being occupied by Mn. Computations suggest that the antisite disorder triggers an antiferromagnetic coupling between two Mn atoms in different crystallographic positions, resulting into a sudden drop of the saturation magnetization for higher x.

Title:
Comparative study of the field-induced and spontaneous AF2 ' multiferroic phases in MnWO4 and Mn0.90Co0.10WO4 within the magnetic symmetry framework
Authors:
Urcelay-Olabarria, I; Garcia-Munoz, JL; Ressouche, E; Mukhin, AA; Skumryev, V Author Full Names: Urcelay-Olabarria, Irene; Luis Garcia-Munoz, Jose; Ressouche, Eric; Mukhin, Alexander A.; Skumryev, Vassil
Source:
JOURNAL OF APPLIED CRYSTALLOGRAPHY, 49 520-527; 10.1107/S1600576716000881 2 APR 2016
Abstract:
(Mn,Co)WO4 compounds are regarded as reference spin-induced multiferroics. A comparative study is presented here, within the magnetic symmetry framework, of the incommensurate magnetic orders responsible for the ferroelectric phases of (i) MnWO4 under a magnetic field (H vertical bar vertical bar b) and (ii) Mn0.90Co0.10WO4 in the absence of an external field. On the one hand, although these two ferroelectric phases are stabilized under different external physical conditions, both present the same Xc1'(alpha 0 gamma)ss magnetic symmetry and practically the same modulation vector. The magnetic ordering in both phases is an elliptical helix with the magnetic moments (as the polarization vector, P) perpendicular to the b axis, although in most of the ferroelectric compositions of the (Mn,Co)WO4 family the spins rotate in planes containing b (and have P vertical bar vertical bar b). On the other hand, the anisotropy of the resulting magnetic modulations is extraordinarily different in the two phases. This is described and explained in the light of the different anisotropies of Co and Mn ions.

Title:
Structure determination of a pseudo-decagonal quasicrystal approximant by the strong-reflections approach and rotation electron diffraction
Authors:
Singh, D; Yun, YF; Wan, W; Grushko, B; Zou, XD; Hovmoller, S Author Full Names: Singh, Devinder; Yun, Yifeng; Wan, Wei; Grushko, Benjamin; Zou, Xiaodong; Hovmoller, Sven
Source:
JOURNAL OF APPLIED CRYSTALLOGRAPHY, 49 433-441; 10.1107/S1600576716000042 2 APR 2016
Abstract:
The structure of a complicated pseudo-decagonal (PD) quasicrystal approximant in the Al-Co-Ni alloy system, denoted as PD1, was solved by the strong-reflections approach on three-dimensional rotation electron diffraction (RED) data, using the phases from the known PD2 structure. RED shows that the PD1 crystal is primitive and orthorhombic, with a = 37.3, b = 38.8, c = 8.2 angstrom. However, as with other approximants in the PD series, the superstructure reflections (corresponding to c = 8.2 angstrom) are much weaker than those of the main reflections (corresponding to c = 4.1 angstrom), so it was decided to solve the PD1 structure in the smaller primitive unit cell first, i.e. with unit-cell parameters a = 37.3, b = 38.8, c = 4.1 angstrom and space group Pnam. A density map of PD1 was calculated from only the 15 strongest unique reflections. It contained all 31 Co/Ni atoms and many weaker peaks corresponding to Al atoms. The structure obtained from the strong-reflections approach was confirmed by applying direct methods to the complete RED data set. Successive refinement using the RED data set resulted in 108 unique atoms (31 Co/Ni and 77 Al). This is one of the most complicated approximant structures ever solved by electron diffraction. As with other approximants in the PD series, PD1 is built of characteristic 2 nm wheel clusters with fivefold rotational symmetry, which agrees with results from high-resolution electron microscopy images. The simulated electron diffraction patterns for the structure model are in good agreement with the experimental electron diffraction patterns obtained by RED.

Title:
Jacques Friedel and the physics of metals and alloys
Authors:
Villain, J; Lavagna, M; Bruno, P Author Full Names: Villain, Jacques; Lavagna, Mireille; Bruno, Patrick
Source:
COMPTES RENDUS PHYSIQUE, 17 (3-4):276-290; 10.1016/j.crhy.2015.12.010 MAR-APR 2016
Abstract:
This is an introduction to the theoretical physics of metals for students and physicists from other specialities. Certain simple consequences of the Fermi statistics in pure metals are first addressed, namely the Peierls distortion, Kohn anomalies and the Labbe-Friedel distortion. Then the physics of dilute alloys is discussed. The analogy with nuclear collisions was a fruitful starting point, which suggested one should analyze the effects of impurities in terms of a scattering problem with the introduction of phase shifts. Starting from these concepts, Friedel derived a theory of the resistivity of alloys, and a celebrated sum rule relating the phase shifts at the Fermi level to the number of electrons in the impurity, which turned out to play a prominent role later in the context of correlated impurities, as for instance in the Kondo effect. Friedel oscillations are also an important result, related to incommensurate magnetic structures. It is shown how they can be derived in various ways: from collision theory, perturbation theory, self-consistent approximations and Green's function methods. While collision theory does not permit to take the crystal structure into account, which is responsible for electronic bands, those effects can be included in other descriptions, using for instance the tight binding approximation. (C) 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS on behalf of Academie des sciences.

Update: 22-Apr-2016


Title:
X-ray study of the anomalous thermal hystereses of the modulation wavevectors in Cs2HgCl4
Authors:
Bagautdinov, B; Shaw, Z; Orlov, A; Aliev, MA Author Full Names: Bagautdinov, Bagautdin; Shaw, Zachery; Orlov, Andrii; Aliev, Marat A.
Source:
PHASE TRANSITIONS, 89 (5):471-479; 10.1080/01411594.2015.1080258 MAY 3 2016
Abstract:
A rich sequence of structural modulations in Cs2HgCl4 as a function of temperature was studied by means of X-ray diffraction. Accurate satellite-position measurements on the cooling and heating paths of the crystal revealed abnormal thermal hystereses for incommensurate phases and coexistences of neighboring commensurate phases. A well-defined X-ray picture of the a-axis modulated phases in the range of 221-184K were observed on the heating path, while the c-axis modulated phases existing below 184K were definitely detected on the cooling path. The proper conditions for a precise phase diagram of Cs2HgCl4 can be correlated with relatively defect-free transformations of a-axis modulations at heating and of c-axis modulations at cooling. The peculiarity of Cs2HgCl4 to switch modulation direction among the a- and c-axes at 184K allows us deliberately accumulate and thus control a majority of mobile defects on the mutually perpendicular (100) or (001) planes by possessing crystal within temperature domain of a- or c-axes modulations, respectively.

Title:
Phase transformation behavior of Cu-10Ni-3Al-0.8Si alloy
Authors:
Shen, LN; Li, Z; Zhao, YY; Wang, Y; Dong, QY; Wang, MY Author Full Names: Shen, Leinuo; Li, Zhou; Zhao, Yuyuan; Wang, Yang; Dong, Qiyi; Wang, Mengying
Source:
MATERIALS CHEMISTRY AND PHYSICS, 173 421-428; 10.1016/j.matchemphys.2016.02.033 APR 15 2016
Abstract:
Microstructure evolution of solution treated Cu-10Ni-3Al-0.8Si alloy aged at different temperatures was investigated and different transformation products were observed: modulated structure resulting from spinodal decomposition, L1(2) ordering of matrix, continuous Ni3Al precipitates, continuous delta-Ni2Si precipitates and discontinuous precipitates. Modulated structure, L1(2) ordering of matrix and micro-twins formed initially at 450 degrees C, while continuous Ni3Al and delta-Ni2Si particles precipitated soon. Increasing temperature led to the formation of discontinuous precipitates, dissolution of Ni3Al and cellular decomposition. The alloy showed excellent over-aging resistance at 450 degrees C because the Ni3Al and delta-Ni2Si precipitates grew very slowly and the addition of silicon hindered the precipitation of the coarsening NiAl phase. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Title:
Interplay of charge density wave and multiband superconductivity in 2H-PdxTaSe2
Authors:
Bhoi, D; Khim, S; Nam, W; Lee, BS; Kim, C; Jeon, BG; Min, BH; Park, S; Kim, KH Author Full Names: Bhoi, D.; Khim, S.; Nam, W.; Lee, B. S.; Kim, Chanhee; Jeon, B. -G.; Min, B. H.; Park, S.; Kim, Kee Hoon
Source:
SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, 6 10.1038/srep24068 APR 5 2016
Abstract:
2H-TaSe2 has been one of unique transition metal dichalcogenides exhibiting several phase transitions due to a delicate balance among competing electronic ground states. An unusual metallic state at high-T is sequentially followed by an incommensurate charge density wave (ICDW) state at approximate to 122 K and a commensurate charge density wave (CCDW) state at approximate to 90 K, and superconductivity at T-C similar to 0.14 K. Upon systematic intercalation of Pd ions into TaSe2, we find that CCDW order is destabilized more rapidly than ICDW to indicate a hidden quantum phase transition point at x similar to 0.09-0.10. Moreover, T-C shows a dramatic enhancement up to 3.3 K at x = 0.08, similar to 24 times of T-C in 2H-TaSe2, in proportional to the density of states N(E-F). Investigations of upper critical fields H-C2 in single crystals reveal evidences of multiband superconductivity as temperature-dependent anisotropy factor gamma(H) = H-C2(ab)/HHC2C, quasi-linear increase of H-C2(C) (T), and an upward, positive-curvature in H-C2(ab) (T) near T-C. Furthermore, analysis of temperature-dependent electronic specific heat corroborates the presence of multiple superconducting gaps. Based on above findings and electronic phase diagram vs x, we propose that the increase of N(E-F) and effective electron-phonon coupling in the vicinity of CDW quantum phase transition should be a key to the large enhancement of T-C in PdxTaSe2.

Title:
Synthesis and anisotropic properties of single crystalline Ln(2)Ru(3)Al(15+x) (Ln=Gd, Tb)
Authors:
Morrison, G; Prestigiacomo, J; Haldolaarachchige, N; Rai, BK; Young, DP; Stadler, S; Morosan, E; Chan, JY Author Full Names: Morrison, Gregory; Prestigiacomo, Joseph; Haldolaarachchige, Neel; Rai, Binod K.; Young, David P.; Stadler, Shane; Morosan, Emilia; Chan, Julia Y.
Source:
JOURNAL OF SOLID STATE CHEMISTRY, 236 186-194; SI 10.1016/j.jssc.2015.08.009 APR 2016
Abstract:
Single crystals of Ln(2)Ru(3)Al(15+x)(Ln=Gd, Tb) have been grown using the self-flux method under Ru-poor conditions. The structure of the Gd analog is found to be highly dependent on the synthesis method. Gd2Ru3Al15.08 orders antiferromagnetically at 17.5 K. Tb2Ru3Al15.05 enters an antiferromagnetic state at 16.6 K followed by a likely incommensurate-to-commensurate transition at 14.9 K for crystals oriented with HI lab. For crystals oriented with H//c, a broad maximum is observed in the temperature dependent M/H indicative of a highly anisotropic magnetic system with the hard axis in the c-direction. The magnetization as a function of field and magnetoresistance along the ab-direction of Tb2Ru3Al15.05 display a stepwise behavior and indicate strong crystalline electric field effects. (C) 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Title:
Crystal growth of incommensurate members of 2H-hexagonal perovskite related oxides: Ba4MzPt3-zO9 (M=Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, Mg, Pt)
Authors:
Ferreira, T; Morrison, G; Yeon, J; zur Loye, HC Author Full Names: Ferreira, Timothy; Morrison, Gregory; Yeon, Jeongho; zur Loye, Hans-Conrad
Source:
JOURNAL OF SOLID STATE CHEMISTRY, 236 2-9; SI 10.1016/j.jssc.2015.10.040 APR 2016
Abstract:
Millimeter sized crystals of six oxides of approximate composition Ba4MzPt3-zO9 (M=Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, Mg, Pt) were grown from molten K2CO3 fluxes and found to crystallize in a 2H hexagonal perovskite-related structure type. The compositions of these incommensurate structures, which belong to the A(3n+3m)A'(n) B3m+nO9m+6n family of 2H hexagonal perovskite related oxides, were characterized by X-ray diffraction, energy dispersive spectroscopy, and magnetic susceptibility measurements. The specific synthetic considerations, crystal growth conditions, and magnetic susceptibility measurements are discussed. (C) 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Title:
Interplay between multiple charge-density waves and the relationship with superconductivity in PdxHoTe3
Authors:
Lou, R; Cai, YP; Liu, ZH; Qian, T; Zhao, LX; Li, Y; Liu, K; Han, ZQ; Zhang, DD; He, JB; Chen, GF; Ding, H; Wang, SC Author Full Names: Lou, Rui; Cai, Yipeng; Liu, Zhonghao; Qian, Tian; Zhao, Lingxiao; Li, Yu; Liu, Kai; Han, Zhiqing; Zhang, Dandan; He, Junbao; Chen, Genfu; Ding, Hong; Wang, Shancai
Source:
PHYSICAL REVIEW B, 93 (11):10.1103/PhysRevB.93.115133 MAR 21 2016
Abstract:
HoTe3, a member of the rare-earth tritelluride (RTe3) family, and its Pd-intercalated compounds, PdxHoTe3, where superconductivity (SC) sets in as the charge-density wave (CDW) transition is suppressed by the intercalation of a small amount of Pd, are investigated using angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) and electrical resistivity. Two incommensurate CDWs with perpendicular nesting vectors are observed in HoTe3 at low temperatures. With a slight Pd intercalation (x = 0.01), the large CDW gap decreases and the small one increases. The momentum dependence of the gaps along the inner Fermi surface (FS) evolves from orthorhombicity to near tetragonality, manifesting the competition between two CDW orders. At x = 0.02, both CDW gaps decrease with the emergence of SC. Further increasing the content of Pd for x = 0.04 will completely suppress the CDW instabilities and give rise to the maximal SC order. The evolution of the electronic structures and electron-phonon couplings (EPCs) of the multiple CDWs upon Pd intercalation are carefully scrutinized. We discuss the interplay between multiple CDW orders, and the competition between CDW and SC in detail.

Update: 15-Apr-2016


Title:
Cycloid spirals and cycloid cone transition in the HoMn6-xCrxGe6 (T, x) magnetic phase diagramm by neutron diffraction
Authors:
Schobinger-Papamantellos, P; Rodriguez-Carvajal, J; Buschow, KHJ Author Full Names: Schobinger-Papamantellos, P.; Rodriguez-Carvajal, J.; Buschow, K. H. J.
Source:
JOURNAL OF MAGNETISM AND MAGNETIC MATERIALS, 408 233-243; 10.1016/j.jmmm.2016.02.018 JUN 15 2016
Abstract:
The structures and magnetic properties of the antiferromagnetic hexagonal pseudo ternary compounds HoMn6-xCrxGe6 (x=1, 1.5 and 2) are studied by neutron diffraction in the temperature range 1.5-300 K. The substitution of nonmagnetic Cr for Mn greatly affects the magnetic properties of HoMn6Ge6 by reducing the ordering temperature from 466 K to 278 K, 205 K and 130 K for (x=0, 1, 1.5 and 2) respectively, increasing the c/a ratio, suppressing the high temperature (HT) commensurate phase with q(2)=(0, 0, 1/2) and changing the high temperature (LT) q(1)=(0, 0, q(1z)) skew spiral rotation plane. HoMn5CrGe6 and HoMn4Cr2Ge6 display in the entire magnetically ordered regime cycloid spiral structures with the wave vector: q=(0, 0, q(z)), q(z) approximate to 0.18(3) r.l.u. and q(z) approximate to 64.8 degrees turn angle. The Ho and Mn/ Cr (001) layers have ferromagnetic arrangements coupled antiferromagnetically. The Ho moments in the z=0 layer are oriented in a direction opposite to the line bisecting the angle 2 phi(Mn) approximate to 2 x 28 degrees of the Mn layers at z = +/-similar to 0.25. This triple unit changes orientation collectively in the direction of q within the (b, c) plane containing the wave vector. Above 50 K, the wave vector length increases linearly from 0.24 to 0.28 (1) r.l.u. below T-N. The HT HoMn4.5Cr1.5Ge6 cycloid spiral, is stable in the range T-t < T < T-N (q(1)=(0,0,q(1z)), q(1z)=0.1711(3) r. I.u., Phi(s), =61.6 degrees at 40 K). At variance to the other compounds, crossing Try 36 K from above, it undergoes a first order magnetoelastic transition from a cycloid HT q(1) to a LT longitudinal cone structure: q(2)=(0, 0, q2z), q2z=0.149 r.l.u., Phi(s)=53.6 degrees and cone angle Phi(c)=47 degrees. The q(1) and q(2) phases coexist in the LT range down to 1.5 K <= T <= T-t in varying amounts with T. This transition is directly manifested by the splitting of the HT magnetic satellites and the increase of characteristic nuclear intensities. The results are summarised in a (T, x) magnetic phase diagram. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Title:
Neutron scattering studies of spin-phonon hybridization and superconducting spin gaps in the high-temperature superconductor La2-x(Sr, Ba)(x)CuO4
Authors:
Wagman, JJ; Carlo, JP; Gaudet, J; Van Gastel, G; Abernathy, DL; Stone, MB; Granroth, GE; Kolesnikov, AI; Savici, AT; Kim, YJ; Zhang, H; Ellis, D; Zhao, Y; Clark, L; Kallin, AB; Mazurek, E; Dabkowska, HA; Gaulin, BD Author Full Names: Wagman, J. J.; Carlo, J. P.; Gaudet, J.; Van Gastel, G.; Abernathy, D. L.; Stone, M. B.; Granroth, G. E.; Kolesnikov, A. I.; Savici, A. T.; Kim, Y. J.; Zhang, H.; Ellis, D.; Zhao, Y.; Clark, L.; Kallin, A. B.; Mazurek, E.; Dabkowska, H. A.; Gaulin, B. D.
Source:
PHYSICAL REVIEW B, 93 (9):10.1103/PhysRevB.93.094416 MAR 14 2016
Abstract:
We present time-of-flight neutron scattering measurements on single crystals of La2-xBaxCuO4 (LBCO) with 0 <= x <= 0.095 and La2-xSrxCuO4 (LSCO) with x = 0.08 and 0.11. This range of dopings spans much of the phase diagram relevant to high-temperature cuprate superconductivity, ranging from insulating, three-dimensional commensurate long-range antiferromagnetic order, for x <= 0.02, to two-dimensional (2D) incommensurate antiferromagnetism coexisting with superconductivity for x >= 0.05. Previous work on lightly doped LBCO with x = 0.035 showed a clear enhancement of the inelastic scattering coincident with the low-energy crossings of the highly dispersive spin excitations and quasi-2D optic phonons. The present work extends these measurements across the phase diagram and shows this enhancement to be a common feature to this family of layered quantum magnets. Furthermore, we show that the low-temperature, low-energy magnetic spectral weight is substantially larger for samples with nonsuperconducting ground states relative to any of the samples with superconducting ground states. Spin gaps, suppression of low-energy magnetic spectral weight as a function of decreasing temperature, are observed in both superconducting LBCO and LSCO samples, consistent with previous observations for superconducting LSCO.

Update: 7-Apr-2016


Title:
A Partial Isothermal Section at 1000 A degrees C of Al-Mn-Fe Phase Diagram in Vicinity of Taylor Phase and Decagonal Quasicrystal
Authors:
Priputen, P; Cernickova, I; Lejcek, P; Janickovic, D; Janovec, J Author Full Names: Priputen, P.; Cernickova, I.; Lejcek, P.; Janickovic, D.; Janovec, J.
Source:
JOURNAL OF PHASE EQUILIBRIA AND DIFFUSION, 37 (2):130-134; 10.1007/s11669-015-0432-0 APR 2016
Abstract:
Altogether 19 alloys of an Al-Mn-Fe system with compositions near to the Taylor phase and/or the decagonal quasicrystal were characterised by the x-ray diffraction and the energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy coupled with the scanning electron microscopy, after annealing at 1000 A degrees C for 330 h. The obtained experimental results were used to propose a partial isothermal section at 1000 A degrees C of the Al-Mn-Fe phase diagram. The ternary T-phase area of an untypical saddle shape was found to touch the Al-Mn binary one. The gamma(2)- phase was found to be stable between 2 and 30 at.% of Fe at 1000 A degrees C and boundaries between gamma(1)- and gamma(2)-areas are expected to be located very close to the Al-Mn binary.

Update: 1-Apr-2016


Title:
Evidence of multiferroicity in NdMn2O5
Authors:
Chattopadhyay, S; Baledent, V; Damay, F; Gukasov, A; Moshopoulou, E; Auban-Senzier, P; Pasquier, C; Andre, G; Porcher, F; Elkaim, E; Doubrovsky, C; Greenblatt, M; Foury-Leylekian, P Author Full Names: Chattopadhyay, S.; Baledent, V.; Damay, F.; Gukasov, A.; Moshopoulou, E.; Auban-Senzier, P.; Pasquier, C.; Andre, G.; Porcher, F.; Elkaim, E.; Doubrovsky, C.; Greenblatt, M.; Foury-Leylekian, P.
Source:
PHYSICAL REVIEW B, 93 (10):10.1103/PhysRevB.93.104406 MAR 8 2016
Abstract:
Recently, RMn2O5 (R = rare earth, Bi, Y) type multiferroics have drawn considerable attention, because of magnetically induced ferroelectricity along with an extremely large magnetoelectric coupling. Here, we present a detailed study on NdMn2O5 which is a crucial composition between the nonferroelectric PrMn2O5 and ferroelectric SmMn2O5. We report the results of heat capacity, magnetization, dielectric permittivity, and electric polarization measurements along with an accurate description of the structural and microscopic magnetic properties obtained from high resolution x-ray and neutron diffraction studies. We show that NdMn2O5 is ferroelectric, although the magnitude of polarization is much weaker than that of the other multiferroic members. The direction of the polarization is along the crystallographic b axis and its magnitude can be tuned with the application of a magnetic field. Moreover, unlike the other multiferroic members of this series, ferroelectricity in NdMn2O5 emerges in an incommensurate magnetic state. The present study also provides evidence in support of the influence of the rare-earth size on the magnetoelectric phase diagram.

Title:
Thermally and Electrochemically Driven Topotactical Transformations in Sodium Layered Oxides NaxVO2
Authors:
Didier, C; Guignard, M; Suchomel, MR; Carlier, D; Darriet, J; Delmas, C Author Full Names: Didier, Christophe; Guignard, Marie; Suchomel, Matthew R.; Carlier, Dany; Darriet, Jacques; Delmas, Claude
Source:
CHEMISTRY OF MATERIALS, 28 (5):1462-1471; 10.1021/acs.chemmater.5b04882 MAR 8 2016
Abstract:
Phase diagrams and structural transformations in the complex NaxVO2 system have been studied using electrochemical (de)intercalation and in situ and operando high resolution synchrotron powder diffraction. Starting from O'3-Na1/2VO2 obtained by sodium electrochemical deintercalation of O'3-NaVO2, the structural details of irreversible and reversible thermally driven transformations to P'3 and P3 type structures are presented. Subsequently, these P'3-NaxVO(2) phases provide a platform for operando studies exploring the NaxVO2 phase diagram as a function of sodium electrochemical (de) intercalation. In this system, three single phase domains have been found: a line phase P'3-Na1/2VO2, one solid solution for 0.53 <= x <= 0.55 characterized by an incommensurate modulated structure, and a second solid solution for 0.63 <= x <= 0.65 with a defective structure resulting from a random stack of O'3 and P'3 layers. With further sodium intercalation (x > 0.65), the structure irreversibly transforms to the starting parent phase O3-NaVO2. This work reveals new details about the diverse structural polymorphs found in sodium layered oxides used as electrode battery materials and the transitional pathways between them as a function of temperature and composition.

Title:
Tailoring Magnetic Behavior in the Tb-Au-Si Quasicrystal Approximant System
Authors:
Gebresenbut, GH; Andersson, MS; Nordblad, P; Sahlberg, M; Gomez, CP Author Full Names: Gebresenbut, Girma H.; Andersson, Mikael S.; Nordblad, Per; Sahlberg, Martin; Gomez, Cesar Pay
Source:
INORGANIC CHEMISTRY, 55 (5):2001-2008; 10.1021/acs.inorgchem.5b02286 MAR 7 2016
Abstract:
A novel synthesis method, "arc-melting-self-flux", has been developed and a series of five Tsai-type 1/1 approximant crystals in the Tb-Au-Si system have been synthesized. The synthesis method, by employing a temperature program which oscillates near the melting and nucleation points of the approximants, has provided high-quality and large single crystals in comparison to those obtained from the standard arc-melting-annealing and self-flux methods. The atomic structures of the approximants have been determined from single-crystal X-ray diffraction data and described using concentric atomic clusters with icosahedral symmetry. The compounds are nearly isostructural with subtle variations; two types of atomic clusters which mainly vary at their cluster centers are observed. One type contains a Tb site at the center, and the other contains a disordered tetrahedron decorated with Au/Si mixed sites. Both cluster types can be found coexisting in the approximants. The compounds have different average weighted ratios of central Tb to disordered tetrahedron in the bulk material. Furthermore, a strategy for chemically tuning magnetic behavior is presented. Magnetic property measurements on the approximants revealed that the magnetic transition temperature (T-c) decreases as the occupancy of the central Tb site increases. T-c decreased from 11.5 K for 0% occupancy of the central Tb to 8 K for 100% occupancy. Enhanced magneto crystalline anisotropy is observed for the approximants with higher central Tb occupancy in comparison to their low central Tb occupancy counterparts. Hence, the previously reported "ferrimagnetic-like" magnetic structure model remains valid.

Title:
Athermal and deformation-induced omega-phase transformations in biomedical beta-type alloy Ti-9Cr-0.20
Authors:
Liu, HH; Niinomi, M; Nakai, M; Cho, K Author Full Names: Liu, Huihong; Niinomi, Mitsuo; Nakai, Masaaki; Cho, Ken
Source:
ACTA MATERIALIA, 106 162-170; 10.1016/j.actamat.2016.01.008 MAR 2016
Abstract:
The alloy Ti-9Cr-0.20 has been developed as a potential material for implant rods used in spinal fixation applications, since it exhibits good mechanical properties and a remarkably "changeable Young's modulus", which is achieved by suppressing the athermal omega-phase formed upon quenching and enhancing the deformation-induced omega-phase transformation. In this study, athermal and deformation induced omega-phase transformations in Ti-9Cr-0.20 were investigated systematically by transmission electron microscopy. This was done in order to understand the nature of these omega-phase transformations, as well as the specific functionality the "changeable Young's modulus" resulting from them. In solution-treated alloy samples, in addition to ideal omega-structures, structures considered as initial omega-structures associated with incommensurate omega-phase were observed. This might be attributed to the composition heterogeneity, heterogeneity of oxygen distribution, and/or the inhomogeneous distribution of defects such as vacancies and locally strained areas. Following cold rolling, some of the selected area electron diffraction patterns of the alloy showed that the reflections of one omega-variant had increased significantly in intensity while those of the other omega-variant had decreased sharply. This vanishing of one type of variant omega-structures is attributable to two possible mechanisms: (i) a reversal mechanism, under which the particular <111> partial dislocations transform the corresponding omega-variants back into beta-phase or (ii) a re-orientation mechanism, according to which the omega-variants unfavorable with regard to the loading direction re-orient and turn into the preferred omega-variants. (C) 2016 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Title:
SrPt2Al2 - A(3+2)D-incommensurately modulated variant of the CaBe2Ge2 type structure
Authors:
Hoffmann, RD; Stegemann, F; Janka, O Author Full Names: Hoffmann, Rolf-Dieter; Stegemann, Frank; Janka, Oliver
Source:
ZEITSCHRIFT FUR KRISTALLOGRAPHIE-CRYSTALLINE MATERIALS, 231 (3):127-142; 10.1515/zkri-2015-1891 MAR 2016
Abstract:
The first ternary compound in the Sr-Pt-Al system, SrPt2Al2, was synthesized by melting of the elements in a sealed niobium tube in a high frequency furnace. The structure of SrPt2Al2 was determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction on the basis of data sets recorded at 90, 150, 210, 270 and 300 K. The compound crystallizes in an incommensurately modulated (3+2)D structure being related to the tetragonal primitive CaBe2Ge2 type structure. The structure was refined in the orthorhombic superspace group Pmmn(alpha, 0,0) 0s0(0,beta,0) s00 (alpha = 0.222(1) a*, beta = 0.224(1) b*, a = b = 436.89(5), c = 1010.16(13) pm at 90 K) with R-M = 0.0403, R-S,R-1 = 0.0597 and R-S,R-2 = 0.2046. The structural relation with CaBe2Ge2 along with a refinement in the tetragonal superspace group P4/nmm(alpha, 0,0)-0000(0,alpha,0)00s0 is discussed with respect to the temperature dependence of the q-vectors and by group-subgroup relations. The modulation, from the standpoint of the crystal chemistry, is mainly caused by the distortion of the Pt arrangements within the pseudo-tetragonal ab plane.

Title:
The modulated structure of intermediate-valent CeCoGa
Authors:
Niehaus, O; Hoffmann, RD; Chevalier, B; Pottgen, R Author Full Names: Niehaus, Oliver; Hoffmann, Rolf-Dieter; Chevalier, Bernard; Poettgen, Rainer
Source:
ZEITSCHRIFT FUR KRISTALLOGRAPHIE-CRYSTALLINE MATERIALS, 231 (3):143-153; 10.1515/zkri-2015-1882 MAR 2016
Abstract:
CeCoGa was synthesized by melting of the elements in an arc-melting furnace as well as in a sealed niobium tube in an induction furnace. A further annealing step improves the purity and crystallinity of the samples significantly. Its structure was refined on the basis of single-crystal X-ray diffractometer data at different temperatures. Already at room temperature CeCoGa crystallizes in a superstructure of the HT-CeCoAl type. This superstructure can be described in the (3 + 1)D superspace group C2/m(alpha 0 gamma) 00; alpha = 2/3, gamma = 1/3 with a temperature independent q-vector (Z = 4). For the 300 K data (also for 90 K) the commensurate *modulated structure* could be refined with 1336 F-2 values, 56 variables and residuals of wR = 0.0348 for the main and wR = 0.0605 for the satellites of 1st order [a = 1101.7(1), b = 436.0(1) and c = 482.4(1) pm, beta = 103.2(1)degrees]. Furthermore a description in a transformed 3D supercell with the space group C2/m and Z = 12 is possible. For the 90 K data this 3D supercell was refined with 1289 F-2 values, 56 variables and a residual of wR = 0.0409 [a = 1618.8(1), b = 435.3(1) and c = 1094.1(1) pm, beta = 119.3(1)degrees]. The relation of the HT-CeCoAl type structure, the (3 + 1)D modulated and the 3D supercell structure are discussed on the basis of a group-subgroup relation. By thermal analysis and magnetic measurements the phase transition temperature to the HT-CeCoAl type structure is stated slightly above 475 K. Furthermore intermediate cerium valence was identified by the magnetic susceptibility.

Title:
The estimation of phason flips in 1D quasicrystal from the diffraction pattern
Authors:
Buganski, I; Strzalka, R; Wolny, J Author Full Names: Buganski, Ireneusz; Strzalka, Radoslaw; Wolny, Janusz
Source:
PHYSICA STATUS SOLIDI B-BASIC SOLID STATE PHYSICS, 253 (3):450-457; 10.1002/pssb.201552426 MAR 2016
Abstract:
The statistical approach based on the average unit-cell concept and the envelop functions for the diffraction pattern were used to estimate the number of phason flips in the model 1D quasicrystal (Fibonacci chain). The characteristic function of a statistical distribution expanded to a power series with distribution moments as coefficients can be used to retrieve phases of diffraction peaks. In addition, the number of flips in the structure can be designated in two ways: with the value of the second moment's value and directly from the shape of a probability density function retrieved from the diffraction pattern. In this paper, all calculations are performed for a nondecorated Fibonacci chain. (C) 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim

Title:
Schottky effect in the i-Zn-Ag-Sc-Tm icosahedral quasicrystal and its 1/1 Zn-Sc-Tm approximant
Authors:
Jazbec, S; Kashimoto, S; Kozelj, P; Vrtnik, S; Jagodic, M; Jaglicic, Z; Dolinsek, J Author Full Names: Jazbec, S.; Kashimoto, S.; Kozelj, P.; Vrtnik, S.; Jagodic, M.; Jaglicic, Z.; Dolinsek, J.
Source:
PHYSICAL REVIEW B, 93 (5):10.1103/PhysRevB.93.054208 FEB 23 2016
Abstract:
The analysis of low-temperature specific heat of rare-earth (RE)-containing quasicrystals and periodic approximants and consequent interpretation of their electronic properties in the T -> 0 limit is frequently hampered by the Schottky effect, where crystalline electric fields lift the degeneracy of the RE-ion Hund's rule ground state and introduce additional contribution to the specific heat. In this paper we study the low-temperature specific heat of a thulium-containing i-Zn-Ag-Sc-Tm icosahedral quasicrystal and its 1/1 Zn-Sc-Tm approximant, both being classified as "Schottky" systems. We have derived the crystal-field Hamiltonian for pentagonal symmetry of the crystalline electric field, pertinent to the class of Tsai-type icosahedral quasicrystals and their approximants, where the RE ions are located on fivefold axes of the icosahedral atomic cluster. Using the leading term of this Hamiltonian, we have calculated analytically the Schottky specific heat in the presence of an external magnetic field and made comparison to the experimental specific heat of the investigated quasicrystal and approximant. When the low-temperature specific heat C is analyzed in a C/T versus T-2 scale (as it is customarily done for metallic specimens), the Schottky specific heat yields an upturn in the T -> 0 limit that cannot be easily distinguished from a similar upturn produced by the electron-electron interactions in exchange-enhanced systems and strongly correlated systems. Our results show that extraction of the electronic properties of RE-containing quasicrystals from their low-temperature specific heat may be uncertain in the presence of the Schottky effect.

Title:
Mechanical and tribological properties of AlCuFe quasicrystal and Al(Si)CuFe approximant thin films
Authors:
Olsson, S; Broitman, E; Garbrecht, M; Birch, J; Hultman, L; Eriksson, F Author Full Names: Olsson, Simon; Broitman, Esteban; Garbrecht, Magnus; Birch, Jens; Hultman, Lars; Eriksson, Fredrik
Source:
JOURNAL OF MATERIALS RESEARCH, 31 (2):232-240; 10.1557/jmr.2015.384 JAN 28 2016
Abstract:
Multilayered thin films of Al/Cu/Fe have been prepared by magnetron sputtering and annealed into quasicrystalline and approximant phases on Al2O3 and Si substrates, respectively. The nanomechanical and nanotribological properties, such as hardness, elastic modulus, friction, and toughness, have been measured using a triboindenter and analytical methods. The approximant phase was proved to be slightly harder than the quasicrystalline phase with a hardness of about 15.6 GPa, and with a similar elastic modulus of about 258 GPa. These values however decreased rapidly with an increasing amount of Si in the approximant. The indentation toughness of the approximant, <0.1 MPa/m(1/2), was however inferior to that of the quasicrystals with 1.5 MPa/m(1/2). Friction coefficients were measured in a range of 0.10-0.14 for both the quasicrystalline and approximant thin films.

Update: 24-Mar-2016


Title:
Design and Synthesis of a Geopolymer-Enhanced Quasi-Crystalline Composite for Resisting Wear and Corrosion
Authors:
Ozaydin, MF; Liang, H Author Full Names: Ozaydin, M. Fevzi; Liang, Hong
Source:
JOURNAL OF TRIBOLOGY-TRANSACTIONS OF THE ASME, 138 (2):10.1115/1.4031400 APR 2016
Abstract:
Multiphase composites are attractive for improved mechanical performance and corrosion resistance. In this research, a new composite consisting quasi-crystalline Al75Mn14Si7Fe4 alloy of icosahedral, cubic alpha-AlMnSiFe, monoclinic Al13Fe4 phases, and ferro-silico-aluminate geopolymer was synthesized using rapid solidification and thermal treatment methods. The concentration of icosahedral phase (i-phase) was controlled and the formation of geopolymer was obtained through heat treatment. Characterization showed that the microhardness and wear resistance were increased with the amount of i-phase. The corrosion resistance, on the other hand, was improved with the existence of the geopolymer. This research demonstrates an effective approach in processing a multi-phase composite that has desired properties and performance through multiphase design and composition.

Title:
Coexistence of Incommensurate Magnetism and Superconductivity in the Two-Dimensional Hubbard Model
Authors:
Yamase, H; Eberlein, A; Metzner, W Author Full Names: Yamase, Hiroyuki; Eberlein, Andreas; Metzner, Walter
Source:
PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS, 116 (9):10.1103/PhysRevLett.116.096402 MAR 4 2016
Abstract:
We analyze the competition of magnetism and superconductivity in the two-dimensional Hubbard model with a moderate interaction strength, including the possibility of incommensurate spiral magnetic order. Using an unbiased renormalization group approach, we compute magnetic and superconducting order parameters in the ground state. In addition to previously established regions of Neel order coexisting with d-wave superconductivity, the calculations reveal further coexistence regions where superconductivity is accompanied by incommensurate magnetic order.

Title:
Evolution of the charge density wave superstructure in ZrTe3 under pressure
Authors:
Hoesch, M; Garbarino, G; Battaglia, C; Aebi, P; Berger, H Author Full Names: Hoesch, Moritz; Garbarino, Gaston; Battaglia, Corsin; Aebi, Philipp; Berger, Helmuth
Source:
PHYSICAL REVIEW B, 93 (12):10.1103/PhysRevB.93.125102 MAR 1 2016
Abstract:
The material ZrTe3 is a well-known example of an incommensurate periodic lattice distortion (PLD) at low temperatures due to a charge density wave (CDW). Previous studies have found a sharp boundary as a function of pressure between CDW below 5 GPa and bulk superconductivity above this value. We present a study of low-temperature-high-pressure single crystal x-ray diffraction along with ab initio density functional theory calculations. The modulation vector q(CDW) is found to change smoothly with pressure until the PLD is lost. Fermi surface calculations reproduce these changes, but neither these nor the experimental crystal lattice structure show a particular step change at 5 GPa, thus leading to the conclusion that the CDW is lost accidentally by tipping the balance of CDW formation in the Fermi surface nesting that stabilizes it.

Title:
Incommensurate spin-density-wave antiferromagnetism in CeRu2Al2B
Authors:
Bhattacharyya, A; Khalyavin, DD; Kruger, F; Adroja, DT; Strydom, AM; Kockelmann, WA; Hillier, AD Author Full Names: Bhattacharyya, A.; Khalyavin, D. D.; Krueger, F.; Adroja, D. T.; Strydom, A. M.; Kockelmann, W. A.; Hillier, A. D.
Source:
PHYSICAL REVIEW B, 93 (6):10.1103/PhysRevB.93.060410 FEB 29 2016
Abstract:
The newly discovered Ising-type ferromagnet CeRu2Al2B exhibits an additional phase transition at T-N = 14.2 K before entering the ferromagnetic ground state at T-C = 12.8 K. We clarify the nature of this transition through high resolution neutron diffraction measurements. The data reveal the presence of a longitudinal incommensurate spin-density wave (SDW) in the temperature range of T-C < T < T-N. The propagation vector q similar to (0,0,0.148) is nearly temperature independent in this region and discontinuously locks into q = 0 at T-C. Mean-field calculations of an effective Ising model indicate that the modulated SDW phase is stabilized by a strong competition between ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic exchange interactions. This makes CeRu2Al2B a particularly attractive model system to study the global phase diagram of ferromagnetic heavy-fermion metals under the influence of magnetic frustration.

Update: 17-Mar-2016


Title:
The modulated structures of La2-xPrxO2MnSe2 (0 <= x <= 1) and La2-xNdxO2MnSe2 (0 <= x <= 0.6)
Authors:
Peschke, S; Johrendt, D Author Full Names: Peschke, Simon; Johrendt, Dirk
Source:
ZEITSCHRIFT FUR KRISTALLOGRAPHIE-CRYSTALLINE MATERIALS, 231 (2):89-95; 10.1515/zkri-2015-1883 FEB 2016
Abstract:
The solid solutions La2-xPrxO2MnSe2 (0 <= x <= 1) and La2-xNdxO2MnSe2 (0 <= x <= 0.6) were synthesized in a NaI/KI flux between 800 and 900 degrees C. The selenide oxides adopt a ZrCuSiAs-related structure with modulated [MnSe2](2)(-)- layers which consist of a mixture of edge- and corner-sharing MnSe4/2-tetrahedra. The crystal structures are described with a (3+1)D model in superspace group Cmme(alpha 01/2)0s0. The modulation vector q can be-controlled by partial substitution of La3+ for Pr3+ and Nd3+ via the unit cell volume leading to, amongst others, (La0.55Pr0.45)(2)O2MnSe2 with alpha = 1/6, which allows the projection onto 3D space by using a simple sixfold a axis.

Title:
M2PO3N (M = Ca, Sr): ortho-Oxonitridophosphates with beta-K2SO4 Structure Type
Authors:
Marchuk, A; Schultz, P; Hoch, C; Oeckler, O; Schnick, W Author Full Names: Marchuk, Alexey; Schultz, Peter; Hoch, Constantin; Oeckler, Oliver; Schnick, Wolfgang
Source:
INORGANIC CHEMISTRY, 55 (2):974-982; 10.1021/acs.inorgchem.5b02647 JAN 18 2016
Abstract:
Two novel oxonitridophosphates M2PO3N with M = Ca and Sr were synthesized under high-pressure high-temperature (7 GPa and 1100 degrees C) using the multianvil technique or by solid-state reaction in the silica ampules (1100 degrees C) from amorphous phosphorus oxonitride (PON) and the respective alkaline earth oxides MO (M = Ca, Sr). The products represent the first examples of alkaline earth ortho-oxonitridophosphates containing noncondensed [PO3N](4-) ions. The crystal structures were elucidated by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Sr2PO3N [space group Pnma (No. 62), Z = 4, a = 7.1519(5) angstrom, b = 5.5778(3) angstrom, c = 9.8132(7) angstrom, R1 = 0.020, wR2 = 0.047] crystallizes in the beta-K2SO4 structure type. The structure of Ca2PO3N was solved and refined in the (3 + 1)D superspace group Pnma(a00)0ss [Z = 4, a = 6.7942(7) angstrom, b = 5.4392(6) angstrom, c = 9.4158(11) angstrom, R1 = 0.041, wR2 = 0.067]. It exhibits an incommensurate modulation along [100] with a modulation vector q = [0.287(5), 0, 0]. Rietveld refinements support the structural models as well as the phase purity of the products. Upon doping with Eu2+, Ca2PO3N exhibits luminescence in the green range (lambda(em) = 525 nm) of the visible spectrum if excited by near-UV light (lambda(exc) = 400 nm).

Update: 11-Mar-2016


Title:
Incommensurate crystal supercell and polarization flop observed in the magnetoelectric ilmenite MnTiO3
Authors:
Silverstein, HJ; Skoropata, E; Sarte, PM; Mauws, C; Aczel, AA; Choi, ES; van Lierop, J; Wiebe, CR; Zhou, HD Author Full Names: Silverstein, Harlyn J.; Skoropata, Elizabeth; Sarte, Paul M.; Mauws, Cole; Aczel, Adam A.; Choi, Eun Sang; van Lierop, Johan; Wiebe, Christopher R.; Zhou, Haidong
Source:
PHYSICAL REVIEW B, 93 (5):10.1103/PhysRevB.93.054416 FEB 19 2016
Abstract:
MnTiO3 has been studied for many decades, but it was only in the last few years that its magnetoelectric behavior had been observed. Here, we use neutron scattering on two separately grown single crystals and two powder samples to show the presence of a supercell that breaks R (3) over bar symmetry. We also present the temperature and field dependence of the dielectric constant and pyroelectric current and show evidence of nonzero off-diagonal magnetoelectric tensor elements (forbidden by R (3) over bar symmetry) followed by a polarization flop accompanying the spin flop transition at mu H-0(SF) = 6.5T. Mossbauer spectroscopy on MnTiO3 gently doped with Fe-57 was used to help shed light on the impact of the supercell on the observed behavior. Although the full supercell structure could not be solved at this time due to a lack of visible reflections, the full scope of the results presented here suggest that the role of local spin-lattice coupling in the magnetoelectric properties of MnTiO3 is likely more important than previously thought.

Title:
Magnetic ordering in pressure-induced phases with giant spin-driven ferroelectricity in multiferroic TbMnO3
Authors:
Terada, N; Khalyavin, DD; Manuel, P; Osakabe, T; Kikkawa, A; Kitazawa, H Author Full Names: Terada, Noriki; Khalyavin, Dmitry D.; Manuel, Pascal; Osakabe, Toyotaka; Kikkawa, Akiko; Kitazawa, Hideaki
Source:
PHYSICAL REVIEW B, 93 (8):10.1103/PhysRevB.93.081104 FEB 16 2016
Abstract:
In order to clarify the mechanism associated with pressure/magnetic-field-induced giant ferroelectric polarization in TbMnO3, this work investigated changes in magnetic ordering brought about by variations in temperature, magnetic field, and pressure. This was accomplished by means of neutron diffraction analyses under high pressures and high magnetic fields, employing a single crystal. The incommensurate magnetic ordering of a cycloid structure was found to be stable below the reported critical pressure of 4.5 GPa. In contrast, a commensurate E-type spin ordering of Mn spins and a noncollinear configuration of Tb spins with k = (0, 1/2,0) appeared above 4.5 GPa. The application of a magnetic field along the a axis (H-parallel to a) under pressure induces a k = (0,0,0) antiferromagnetic structure in the case of Tb spins above H-parallel to a, enhancing the ferroelectric polarization, while the E-type ordering of Mn spins is stable even above the critical field. From the present experimental findings, we conclude that the E-type ordering of Mn spins induces giant ferroelectric polarization through an exchange striction mechanism. The H-parallel to a-induced polarization enhancement can be understood by considering that the polarization, reduced by the polar ordering of Tb moments in a zero field, can be recovered through a field-induced change to nonpolar k = (0,0,0) ordering at H-parallel to a similar to 2 T.

Title:
Alumina nanowire growth by water decomposition and the peritectic reaction of decagonal Al65Cu15Co20 quasicrystals
Authors:
Tellez-Vazquez, JO; Patino-Carachure, C; Rosas, G Author Full Names: Tellez-Vazquez, J. O.; Patino-Carachure, C.; Rosas, G.
Source:
MATERIALS CHARACTERIZATION, 112 155-159; 10.1016/j.matchar.2015.12.023 FEB 2016
Abstract:
In this paper, the results of the Al2O3 nanowires' growth through a chemical reaction between Al and water vapor at 1050 degrees C are presented. Our approach is based on two primary considerations. First, at room temperature, the Al65Cu15Co20 alloy is affected by the following mechanism: 2AI (s) + 3H(2)O (g) -> Al2O3 (s) + H-2 (g). In this reaction, the released hydrogen induces cleavage fracture of the material to form small particles. Second, the Al65Cu15Co20 quasicrystalline phase is transformed on heating to liquid + Al (Cu, Co) cubic phase through a peritectic reaction at 1050 degrees C. The Al-rich liquid then reacts with water vapor, forming Al2O3 nanowires. X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis shows that the formed nanowires have a hexagonal structure, and infrared analysis further confirms the presence of alpha-Al2O3 phase in the final products. Transmission electron microscopy observations show that nanoparticles are present at the end of nanowires, suggesting the VLS growth mechanism. Elemental analysis by energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) indicates that the particles at the tip of the nanowires are mainly formed by Co and Cu alloying elements and small amounts of Al. Electron microscopy observations showed nanowires with diameters ranging from 20 to 70 nm; the average diameter was 37 nm and the nanowire lengths were up to several micrometers. (C) 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Title:
Structure and reactivity with oxygen of Pr2NiO4+delta: an in situ synchrotron X-ray powder diffraction study
Authors:
Broux, T; Prestipino, C; Bahout, M; Paofai, S; Elkaim, E; Vibhu, V; Grenier, JC; Rougier, A; Bassat, JM; Hernandez, O Author Full Names: Broux, Thibault; Prestipino, Carmelo; Bahout, Mona; Paofai, Serge; Elkaim, Erik; Vibhu, Vaibhav; Grenier, Jean-Claude; Rougier, Aline; Bassat, Jean-Marc; Hernandez, Olivier
Source:
DALTON TRANSACTIONS, 45 (7):3024-3033; 10.1039/c5dt03482e 2016
Abstract:
The promising SOFC cathode material Pr2NiO4.22 has been studied in situ under a pure oxygen atmosphere from 25 to 950 degrees C by high resolution synchrotron X-ray powder diffraction. At room temperature (RT) delta = 0.22(1), the average crystal structure turns out to be monoclinic. The subtle monoclinic distortion (gamma = 90.066(1)degrees at RT), retained up to 460 degrees C, is interpreted in terms of specific tilt schemes of the NiO6 octahedra. It is also shown that Pr2NiO4.22 is incommensurately structurally modulated already at room temperature, in the same manner as the homologous cobaltate La2CoO4.14. The phase transition to the High Temperature Tetragonal (HTT) phase was completed at 480 degrees C without any evidence for the Low Temperature Orthorhombic (LTO) phase allowing clarifying the phase diagram of this K2NiF4-type ternary oxide. Moreover, it turns out that above 800 degrees C, the HTT phase transforms reversibly into two coexisting isomorphous tetragonal phases. The incommensurate modulation subsists up to 950 degrees C, although modified concomitantly with the two abovementioned phase transformations. In addition, the role of kinetics on the decomposition process is highlighted through thermo-gravimetric analyses.

Update: 3-Mar-2016


Title:
Analysis of modulated Ho2PdSi3 crystal structure at Pd K and Ho L absorption edges using resonant elastic X-scattering
Authors:
Nentwich, M; Zschornak, M; Richter, C; Novikov, D; Meyer, DC Author Full Names: Nentwich, Melanie; Zschornak, Matthias; Richter, Carsten; Novikov, Dmitri; Meyer, Dirk C.
Source:
JOURNAL OF PHYSICS-CONDENSED MATTER, 28 (6):10.1088/0953-8984/28/6/066002 FEB 17 2016
Abstract:
Replacing Si atoms with a transition metal in rare earth disilicides results in a family of intermetallic compounds with a variety of complex magnetic phase transitions. In particular, the family R2PdSi3 shows interesting magnetic behavior arising from the electronic interaction of the R element with the transition metal in the Si network, inducing the specific structure of the related phase. Within this series, the highest degree of superstructural order was reported for the investigated representative Ho2PdSi3, although several competing superstructures have been proposed in literature. The diffraction anomalous fine structure (DAFS) method is highly sensitive to the local structure of chosen atoms at specific positions within the unit cell of a crystalline phase. In combination with x-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS), this sophisticated synchrotron method has been applied in the present work to several selected reflections, i.a. a satellite reflection. Extensive electronic modeling was used to test the most relevant structure proposals. The 2 x 2 x 8 superstructure has been strongly confirmed, although a small amount of disorder in the modulation is very probable.

Title:
Effect of LiH on electrochemical hydrogen storage properties of Ti55V10Ni35 quasicrystal
Authors:
Liu, DY; Zhao, Z; Luo, TH; Xing, C; Fei, L; Lin, J; Hou, JH; Jiang, DY; Liu, WQ; Wang, LM Author Full Names: Liu, Dongyan; Zhao, Zhen; Luo, Tianhao; Xing, Cheng; Fei, Liang; Lin, Jing; Hou, Jianhua; Jiang, Dayong; Liu, Wanqiang; Wang, Limin
Source:
SOLID STATE SCIENCES, 52 19-22; 10.1016/j.solidstatesciences.2015.12.002 FEB 2016
Abstract:
The electrochemical hydrogen storage properties and mechanisms of the Ti55V10Ni35 quasicrystal + xLiH(x = 3, 6 and 9 wt.%) system are investigated and discussed in this paper. A composite material in the Ti55V10Ni35 quasicrystal and system has been synthesized moderately by means of mechanical milling under an argon atmosphere, which can avoid reaction of releasing of hydrogen during the process of milling. The results indicate that the addition of LiH significantly improves the electrochemical characteristics of composite material. The maximum discharge capacity increases from 220.1 mAh/g to 292.3 mAh/g on Ti55V10Ni35 + 6 wt.% LiH, and the cycling stability is also enhanced too. In addition, the high rate dischargeability (HRD) is ameliorated remarkably, and the value of HRD value at 240 mA/g rises by 78.1%-87.8% for Ti55V10Ni35 + 6 wt.% LiH alloy electrodes. The improvement of characteristics of the electrochemical hydrogen storage characteristics may be attributed to LiH, which has excellent electrochemical activity. (C) 2015 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

Title:
Synthesis, structure, and magnetic characterization of Cr4US8
Authors:
Ward, MD; Chan, IY; Malliakas, CD; Lee, M; Choi, ES; Ibers, JA Author Full Names: Ward, Matthew D.; Chan, Ian Y.; Malliakas, Christos D.; Lee, Minseong; Choi, Eun Sang; Ibers, James A.
Source:
JOURNAL OF SOLID STATE CHEMISTRY, 233 67-74; 10.1016/j.jssc.2015.10.009 JAN 2016
Abstract:
The compound Cr4US8 has been synthesized at 1073 K and its crystal structure has been determined at 100 K. The structure is modulated with a two-fold commensurate supercell. The subcell may be indexed in an orthorhombic cell but weak supercell reflections lead to the monoclinic superspace group P2(1)/c (0 alpha gamma)0s with two Cr sites, one U site, and four S sites. The structure comprises a three-dimensional framework of CrS6 octahedra with channels that are partially occupied by U atoms. Each U atom in these channels is coordinated by eight S atoms in a bicapped trigonal-prismatic arrangement. The magnetic behavior of Cr4US8 is complex. At temperatures above similar to 120 K at all measured fields, there is little difference between field-cooled and zero field-cooled data and chi(T) decreases monotonously with temperature, which is reminiscent of the Curie-Weiss law. At lower temperatures, the temperature dependence of chi(T) is complex and strongly dependent on the magnetic field strength. (C) 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Title:
Electronic transport in polycrystalline samples of icosahedral phases
Authors:
Vekilov, YK; Chernikov, MA; Dolinichek, Y Author Full Names: Vekilov, Yu. Kh.; Chernikov, M. A.; Dolinichek, Ya.
Source:
PHYSICS OF METALS AND METALLOGRAPHY, 117 (1):16-21; 10.1134/S0031918X15110113 JAN 2016
Abstract:
The low-temperature electronic transport in polycrystals of quasicrystalline phases with an icosahedral structure has been analyzed within the model of the granular electronic system. In this model, the grains (drops) of a metallic icosahedral phase are surrounded by extended defects and grain boundaries, which create an insulating environment. The electron transport in this model is determined by the size quantization of electronic states inside metallic grains, by intergranular tunneling, and by electrostatic barriers. Depending on the temperature and structural state of the system, the hopping conductivity with variable lengths of jumps in the Efros-Shklovskii or Mott regime is observed with predominantly elastic cotunneling. In the case of strong intergranular coupling, the system passes into the metallic regime with the exponential temperature dependence of the electrical conductivity.

Update: 25-Feb-2016


Title:
From an electron micrograph to a postage stamp
Authors:
Hargittai, I Author Full Names: Hargittai, Istvan
Source:
STRUCTURAL CHEMISTRY, 27 (1):5-7; SI 10.1007/s11224-015-0629-1 FEB 2016
Abstract:
Soon following Dan Shechtman's discovery of quasicrystals, Agnes Csanady and her associates started producing beautiful quasicrystals of flowerlike morphology. The image of one of their specimen appeared on the Israeli postage stamp honoring Shechtman's discovery, his Nobel Prize, and the International Year of Crystallography.

Title:
Ultrafast resonant soft x-ray diffraction dynamics of the charge density wave in TbTe3
Authors:
Moore, RG; Lee, WS; Kirchman, PS; Chuang, YD; Kemper, AF; Trigo, M; Patthey, L; Lu, DH; Krupin, O; Yi, M; Reis, DA; Doering, D; Denes, P; Schlotter, WF; Turner, JJ; Hays, G; Hering, P; Benson, T; Chu, JH; Devereaux, TP; Fisher, IR; Hussain, Z; Shen, ZX Author Full Names: Moore, R. G.; Lee, W. S.; Kirchman, P. S.; Chuang, Y. D.; Kemper, A. F.; Trigo, M.; Patthey, L.; Lu, D. H.; Krupin, O.; Yi, M.; Reis, D. A.; Doering, D.; Denes, P.; Schlotter, W. F.; Turner, J. J.; Hays, G.; Hering, P.; Benson, T.; Chu, J. -H.; Devereaux, T. P.; Fisher, I. R.; Hussain, Z.; Shen, Z. -X.
Source:
PHYSICAL REVIEW B, 93 (2):10.1103/PhysRevB.93.024304 JAN 25 2016
Abstract:
Understanding the emergence of collective behavior in correlated electron systems remains at the forefront of modern condensed matter physics. Disentangling the degrees of freedom responsible for collective behavior can lead to insights into the microscopic origins of emergent properties and phase transitions. Utilizing an optical pump, resonant soft x-ray diffraction probe we are able to track, in real time, the dynamics of the charge density wave (CDW) in TbTe3, a model system that violates traditional views of a Fermi surface nested CDW. We observe coherent oscillations corresponding to the CDW amplitude mode at 2.4 THz and a coherent optical phonon mode at similar to 1.7 THz. We show how such observations reveal the anisotropic energy optimization between in-plane Te charge density modulations and the three-dimensional lattice coupling.

Title:
Ti-V-Ni with graphene-mixing icosahedral quasicrystalline composites: Preparation, structure and its application in Ni-MH rechargeable batteries
Authors:
Lin, J; Lu, C; Sun, LS; Liang, F; Cao, ZY; Wang, LM Author Full Names: Lin, Jing; Lu, Chong; Sun, Lianshan; Liang, Fei; Cao, Zhanyi; Wang, Limin
Source:
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY, 41 (2):1098-1103; 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2015.11.067 JAN 12 2016
Abstract:
The Ti-V-Niquasicrystalline was prepared by arc-melting and subsequent melt-spinning technique, and the Ti1.4V0.6Ni + x graphene (x = 3, 5, 7, 10 and 13, wt%) composites were obtained by mechanical ball-milling method. The structures and electrochemical hydrogen storage properties of the composites were investigated. The results showed that, the structures of the composites contained icosahedral quasicrystal, Ti2Ni-type, NiTi and graphene phases. The electrochemical hydrogen storage properties of the composites were improved with graphene addition. The cycling stabilities after 50 charging/discharging cycles of Ti1.4V0.6Ni + x graphene composites were improved obviously, especially the Ti1.4V0.6Ni + 10 graphene composite showed the best cycling stability of 70.3%, increased by 6.5%, compared with the Ti1.4V0.6Ni electrode. The high-rate discharge abilities of the composites were also increased appreciably. The improvement in the hydrogen storage characteristics should own to the proper graphene addition and that could cause copacetic electrocatalytic activity and anti-corrosion ability. Copyright (C) 2015, Hydrogen Energy Publications, LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Title:
Orientation Relations and Conversion Matrix Between M3 Supercell and Pseudohexagonal Subcell in Tricalcium Silicate Solid Solution
Authors:
Min, HH; Xu, F; Lu, YN; Yang, J; Ding, LF; Su, F; Zhu, JM Author Full Names: Min Hui-Hua; Xu Feng; Lu Yi-Nong; Yang Jing; Ding Lin-Fei; Su Fan; Zhu Jian-Min
Source:
CHINESE JOURNAL OF INORGANIC CHEMISTRY, 32 (1):145-152; JAN 10 2016
Abstract:
A M3 modification of tricalcium silicate (C3S) solid solution was investigated using transmission electron microscope (TEM). Selected area electron diffraction (SAED) patterns and high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) images were analyzed based on a pseudohexagonal subcell (Space group R3m; a=0.705 9 nm, b=0.705 5 nm, c=2.492 4 nm, alpha=89.79 degrees,beta=90.04 degrees, gamma=120.14 degrees). Reflections caused by the superstructure were proven to occur along the modulation wave vector [(1) over bar .17](H)(*) with one-dimensional type and could be expressed as ha+kb+lc*+m/[6(-a+b+7C*)], where m=+/- 1,+/- 2 and +/- 3. SAED patterns and HRTEM images based on the M3 supercell (Space group Cm; a=3.310 8 nm, b=0.703 6 nm, c=1.852 1 nm, beta=94.137 degrees) were simulated and finally the orientation relations between M3 supercell and pseudohexagonal subcell were established as follows: (600)(M3), (020)(M3) and (006)(M3) were equivalent to ((1) over bar1 (2) over bar)(H), ((1) over bar(1) over bar0)(H) and ((1) over bar 17)(H)* respectively, and [100](M3)//[(7) over bar7 (2) over bar](H), [010](M3)// [(1) over bar(1) over bar0](H), and [001](M3)//[(1) over bar 11](H): Furthermore, the conversion matrix between M3 supercell and pseudohexagonal subcell was established.

Title:
Soft spherical nanostructures with a dodecagonal quasicrystal-like order
Authors:
Rochal, SB; Konevtsova, OV; Shevchenko, IA; Lorman, VL Author Full Names: Rochal, S. B.; Konevtsova, O. V.; Shevchenko, I. A.; Lorman, V. L.
Source:
SOFT MATTER, 12 (4):1238-1247; 10.1039/c5sm02265g 2016
Abstract:
We develop a theory which predicts curvature-related structural peculiarities of soft spherical nanostructures with a dodecagonal local arrangement of subunits. Spherical templates coated with a thin film of a soft quasicrystal (QC)-forming material constitute the most promising direction to realize these nanostructures. Disordered and perfect spherical nanostructures are simulated using two approaches. The first of them models a random QC-like spherical nanostructure with extended curvature-induced topological defects similar to scars in colloidal spherical crystals. The second approach is inspired by the physics of viral capsids. It deals with the most regular spherical nanostructures with a local QC-like order derived from three well-known planar dodecagonal tilings. We explain how the additional QC-like degrees of freedom assist the nanostructure stabilization and determine the point defect number and location without extended scar formation. Unusual for nanoassemblies snub cube geometry is shown to be the most energetically favorable global organization of these spherical QC nanostructures.

Title:
Thermal conductivity of solid thiophene in an incommensurate orientational state
Authors:
Korolyuk, OA; Krivchikov, AI; Vdovichenko, GA; Romantsova, OO; Horbatenko, YV Author Full Names: Korolyuk, O. A.; Krivchikov, A. I.; Vdovichenko, G. A.; Romantsova, O. O.; Horbatenko, Yu. V.
Source:
LOW TEMPERATURE PHYSICS, 42 (1):68-73; 10.1063/1.4940993 JAN 2016
Abstract:
The thermal conductivity of solid thiophene at equilibrium vapor pressure between 2K < T < 170K, has been measured in a sequence of incommensurate metastable orientationally disordered phases II, II1, II2, and II2g with different degrees of orientational ordering of the molecules. It is found that in phase states II, II1 and II2 with dynamic orientational disorder of the molecules, the thermal conductivity does not depend on the temperature. It is shown that the temperature dependence of the thermal conductivity kappa(T) of orientational glass V-g and II2g (incommensurate) does not have any of the anomalies that are typical for amorphous materials and glasses. The temperature dependence kappa(T) of the incommensurate state of orientational glass II2g is bell-shaped, which is typical for the thermal conductivity of crystals with long-range orientational order. In the II2g state, as temperature drops from T-g to almost 10K, the thermal conductivity increases according to kappa(T) = A/T + B, where the first term describes the input of the propagating phonons, wherein the average length of their mean free path is greater than half of the phonon wavelength. The B term is associated with the input of localized short-wave, or "diffuse" vibrational modes. At low temperatures T <= 7K, kappa(T) proportional to T-3 is observed with increasing temperatures, which corresponds to the boundary scattering of phonons. (C) 2016 AIP Publishing LLC.

Title:
Synthesis of quasi-crystalline phases in the Al-Cu-Fe-Cr system
Authors:
Chugunov, DB; Meshkov, LL; Kalmykov, KB; Osipov, AK Author Full Names: Chugunov, D. B.; Meshkov, L. L.; Kalmykov, K. B.; Osipov, A. K.
Source:
RUSSIAN JOURNAL OF INORGANIC CHEMISTRY, 61 (1):11-17; 10.1134/S003602361601006X JAN 2016
Abstract:
Phase equilibria in the Al-Cu-Fe system alloyed with 5% Cr were studied. Based on the data of X-ray powder diffraction analysis, electron microscopy, and differential thermal analysis, the effect of temperature on i a double dagger" d phase transitions in alloys Al65Cu25Fe5Cr5 and Al70Cu20Fe5Cr5. In the Al-Cu-Fe-Cr system, multiphase structures were detected; these structures are mixtures of quasi-crystalline and approximant phases, the contents and morphologies of which depend on the composition of the initial mixture and the crystallization rate.

Title:
STRUCTURE AND MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF QUASICRYSTALLINE AND APPROXIMANT PHASES OBTAINED FROM TITANIUM-BASED QUINARY ALLOY
Authors:
Firstov, SA; Gorban', VF; Karpets, MV; Krapivka, NA; Danilenko, NI; Pechkovskii, EP; Rokitskaya, EA Author Full Names: Firstov, S. A.; Gorban', V. F.; Karpets, M. V.; Krapivka, N. A.; Danilenko, N. I.; Pechkovskii, E. P.; Rokitskaya, E. A.
Source:
STRENGTH OF MATERIALS, 47 (6):781-788; 10.1007/s11223-015-9714-3 NOV 2015
Abstract:
The paper presents the investigation of influence of cooling rate and conditions of melt crystallization on the change in phase composition and physical and mechanical properties of alloy Ti60Cr30Al3Si2(SiO2)(5). The influence of thermal treatment on the stability and properties of quasicrystalline and approximant phases is studied. Using the method of high-temperature indentation it is found that the diffusive mechanism of plastic strain of the alloy is strongly observed at 800 degrees C (0.68T(m)).

Update: 18-Feb-2016


Title:
Structural and electrocaloric properties of multiferroic-BiFeO3 doped 0.94Bi(0.5)Na(0.5)TiO(3)-0.06BaTiO(3) solid solutions
Authors:
Zheng, GP; Uddin, S; Zheng, XC; Yang, JH Author Full Names: Zheng, Guang-Ping; Uddin, Sarir; Zheng, Xiucheng; Yang, Junhe
Source:
JOURNAL OF ALLOYS AND COMPOUNDS, 663 249-255; 10.1016/j.jallcom.2015.12.056 APR 5 2016
Abstract:
Single-phase (1-x)(0.94Bi(0.5)Na(0.5)TiO(3)-0.06BaTiO(3))-xBiFeO(3) (BNT-BT-xBF, x = 0.05, 0.1 and 0.15) solid solutions are fabricated using a modified citrate method. The structural, ferroelectric and electrocaloric properties are significantly affected by the multiferroic BiFe03 doping, which is found to favor the antiferroelectric (AFE) state of the solid solutions. The dynamic mechanical analysis suggests that the BiFeO3 induced ordering of oxygen octahedrons plays a dominant role in the formation of AFE incommensurate phases and leads to the enhanced negative electrocaloric effect (ECE). A maximum ECE temperature change of 1.65 degrees C under an applied field of 70 kV/cm is observed. It is suggested that the magnetoelectric coupling is effective in enhancing the negative ECE in BNT-BT-xBF. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Title:
Indirect assessment of the surface energy of the Al-Cu-Fe quasicrystal
Authors:
de Lima, DCG; Dos Passos, TA; de Weerd, MC; Kenzari, S; Medeiros, RG; de Lima, SJG; Dubois, JM Author Full Names: Guedes de Lima, Danielle Cavalcante; Dos Passos, Tiberio Andrade; de Weerd, Marie-Cecile; Kenzari, Samuel; Medeiros, Rodinei Gomes; Guedes de Lima, Severino Jackson; Dubois, Jean-Marie
Source:
JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE, 51 (8):4070-4078; 10.1007/s10853-016-9728-7 APR 2016
Abstract:
This work summarizes an attempt to estimate the surface energy of the stable, icosahedral Al-Cu-Fe quasicrystal (i-ACF hereafter). To this end, samples of i-ACF were prepared by sintering a powder produced by ball milling and heat treating a master ingot of composition Al59Cu25.5Fe12.5B3 (at.%), icosahedral lattice structure, and containing negligibly small amounts of contaminating crystalline phases. This powder was then sintered in the shape of a cylinder appropriate for pin-on-disk tests in ambient air. Variable amounts of either Sn or Bi were added to the powder prior to sintering. These elements do not dissolve in the quasicrystal and form small pockets of pure Sn or Bi that are either isolated or percolating, depending on the added volume of metal. Analysis of pin-on-disk data deduced from tests performed at room temperature allows us to conclude that the surface energy of the quasicrystal itself falls between the respective surface energies of the pure metals: gamma(Bi) a parts per thousand currency sign gamma(QC) a parts per thousand currency sign gamma(Sn) or 0.5 a parts per thousand currency sign gamma(i-ACF) a parts per thousand currency sign 0.8 J/m(2).

Title:
Flexoelectricity, incommensurate phases and the Lifshitz point
Authors:
Pottker, H; Salje, EKH Author Full Names: Poettker, Henning; Salje, Ekhard K. H.
Source:
JOURNAL OF PHYSICS-CONDENSED MATTER, 28 (7):10.1088/0953-8984/28/7/075902 FEB 24 2016
Abstract:
The solutions for the minimizers of the energy density f(q, p) = Aq(2) + Bq(4) + p(2) + g(A,B) + beta(q'p-p'q) + vertical bar q'vertical bar(2) + k vertical bar p'vertical bar(2) describe the flexoelectric effect with a flexoelectric coupling coefficient beta. The order parameters q and p can be visualized as strain and polarisation, respectively. The parameter k denotes the ratio of intrinsic length scales for q and p. We show that the structural ground-states include 3 phases, namely the paraelastic state q = p = 0, the ferroelastic state where polarization exists inside and near twin boundaries, and the incommensurate (modulated) phases with a very rich array of structural modulations ranging from nearly pure sine waves to kink arrays and ripple states. The phases coincide in the multicritical Lifshitz point. Linear flexoelectricity p similar to q' is encountered only approximately inside the ferroelastic phase and near the phase boundary between the paraelastic phase and the incommensurate phase. The relationship between the polarisation and the strain gradient is highly non-linear in all other states. The spatial profiles and energy distributions are discussed in detail.

Title:
Muon-spin relaxation study of the double perovskite insulators Sr2BOsO6 (B = Fe, Y, In)
Authors:
Williams, RC; Xiao, F; Thomas, IO; Clark, SJ; Lancaster, T; Cornish, GA; Blundell, SJ; Hayes, W; Paul, AK; Felser, C; Jansen, M Author Full Names: Williams, R. C.; Xiao, F.; Thomas, I. O.; Clark, S. J.; Lancaster, T.; Cornish, G. A.; Blundell, S. J.; Hayes, W.; Paul, A. K.; Felser, C.; Jansen, M.
Source:
JOURNAL OF PHYSICS-CONDENSED MATTER, 28 (7):10.1088/0953-8984/28/7/076001 FEB 24 2016
Abstract:
We present the results of zero-field muon-spin relaxation measurements made on the double perovskite insulators Sr2BOsO6 (B = Fe, Y, In). Spontaneous muon-spin precession indicative of quasistatic long range magnetic ordering is observed in Sr2FeOsO6 within the AF1 antiferromagnetic phase for temperatures below T-N = 135 +/- 2 K. Upon cooling below T-2 approximate to 67 K the oscillations cease to be resolvable owing to the coexistence of the AF1 and AF2 phases, which leads to a broader range of internal magnetic fields. Using density functional calculations we identify a candidate muon stopping site within the unit cell, which dipole field simulations show to be consistent with the proposed magnetic structure. The possibility of incommensurate magnetic ordering is discussed for temperatures below T-N = 53 K and 25 K for Sr2YOsO6 and Sr2InOsO6, respectively.

Title:
B-cation effect on relaxor behavior and electric properties in Sr2NaNb5-xSbxO15 tungsten bronze ceramics
Authors:
Fan, JY; Yang, B; Wei, LL; Wang, ZM Author Full Names: Fan, Jianyong; Yang, Bian; Wei, Lingling; Wang, Zhongming
Source:
CERAMICS INTERNATIONAL, 42 (3):4054-4062; 10.1016/j.ceramint.2015.11.077 FEB 15 2016
Abstract:
Sr2NaNb5-xSbxO15 ceramics (SNNS, x=0.0, 0.3, 0.5, 1.0) with 'filled' tungsten bronze structure were prepared by the conventional solid-state reaction method. Effects of introducing Sb concentration in B-sites on the microstructure, dielectric and ferroelectric properties were investigated in detail. With increasing of Sb concentration, the crystal structure of SNNS ceramics distorted slightly from the TB orthorhombic Ccm2 phase to tetragonal P4bm phase, and then to paraelectric P4/mbm phase at room temperature. The smaller ionic radius of Sb5+ (0.60 angstrom) compared with that of Nb5+ (0.64 angstrom) contributed to the shrinkage of crystal structure. It was found that accompanying with the introduction of Sb, some unique dielectric and ferroelectric behavior emerged for SNNS ceramics. Only the samples with x < 0.5 showed additional dielectric anomaly in low temperature range, which was attributed to the incommensurate superstructure ICS-associated dielectric dispersion process caused by local structural fluctuation. With increasing of Sb concentration, T-c shifted to lower temperatures, and the diffuse phase transition and relaxor behavior appeared to be exceptionally induced around T-c at higher Sb concentration. The underlying mechanisms of relaxor behavior induced by different Sb concentration in B-sites for SNNS ceramics were clarified in detail. Moreover, the ferroelectric properties deteriorated and even disappeared at higher Sb concentration, because the ceramics showed P4/mbm phase structure as a result of decreasing of T-c to lower than room temperature. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd and Techna Group S.r.l. All rights reserved.

Title:
Glass-like Lattice Thermal Conductivity and Thermoelectric Properties of Incommensurate Chimney-Ladder Compound FeGe gamma
Authors:
Sato, N; Ouchi, H; Takagiwa, Y; Kimura, K Author Full Names: Sato, Naoki; Ouchi, Hideyasu; Takagiwa, Yoshiki; Kimura, Kaoru
Source:
CHEMISTRY OF MATERIALS, 28 (2):529-533; 10.1021/acs.chemmater.5b03952 JAN 26 2016
Abstract:
We have characterized the thermoelectric properties of FeGe gamma which is one of the promising Nowotny chimney-ladder compounds. A glass-like low lattice thermal conductivity below 1.0 W m(-1) K-1 is observed around 373 K because of its complex structural nature, i.e., incommensurate structure. A first-principles band structure calculation implies that a narrow band gap of similar to 0.2 eV is formed near the Fermi level for a hypothetical composition of Fe2Ge3 with a Ru2Sn3-type structure, leading to a large power factor of 1.90 mW m(-1) K-2 near 600 K. The maximum dimensionless figure-of-merit of 0.57 is attractive as a starting point; calculation using the Boltzmann transport equation under a constant relaxation time approximation predicts that a further enhancement of ZT exceeding unity at 600-700 K can be achieved by optimizing the valence electron count per transition metal and further reduction of the lattice thermal conductivity.

Title:
Modulated structures and associated microstructures in the ferroelectric phase of Ba1-xSrxAl2O4 for 0.7 <= x <= 1.0
Authors:
Tsukasaki, H; Ishii, Y; Tanaka, E; Kurushima, K; Mori, S Author Full Names: Tsukasaki, Hirofumi; Ishii, Yui; Tanaka, Eri; Kurushima, Kosuke; Mori, Shigeo
Source:
JAPANESE JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS, 55 (1):10.7567/JJAP.55.011502 JAN 2016
Abstract:
In order to understand the ferroelectric and ferroelastic phases in Ba1-xSrxAl2O4 for 0.7 <= x <= 1.0, we have investigated the crystal structures and their associated microstructures of the ferroelectric and ferroelastic phases mainly by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and scanning transmission electron microscopy-high-angle angular dark-field (STEM-HAADF) experiments, combined with powder X-ray diffraction experiments. Electron diffraction experiments showed that the ferroelectric and ferroelastic phases of Ba1-xSrxAl2O4 for 0.7 <= x <= 1.0 should be characterized as a modulated structure with the modulation vector of q = 0, 1/2, 0, whose space group should be monoclinic P2(1). High-resolution TEM experiments revealed that the microstructures in the monoclinic phase can be characterized as twin structures and nanometer-sized planar defects due to the monoclinic structure with the modulated structures, which are responsible for anomalous elastic behaviors and mechanoelectro-optical properties. In addition, subatomic-resolution STEM-HAADF images clearly indicated that the displacement of Al3+ ions involved in the AlO4 tetrahedra should play a crucial role in the formation of the modulated structures and twin structures. (C) 2016 The Japan Society of Applied Physics

Title:
Influence of high energy milling on the microstructure and magnetic properties of the AlCu-Fe phases: the case of the i-Al64Cu23Fe13 quasicrystalline and the omega-Al70Cu20Fe10 crystalline phases
Authors:
Quispe, MP; Landauro, CV; Vergara, MZP; Quispe-Marcatoma, J; Rojas-Ayala, C; Pena-Rodriguez, VA; Baggio-Saitovitch, E Author Full Names: Pillaca Quispe, Mirtha; Landauro, Carlos V.; Pinto Vergara, Milida Z.; Quispe-Marcatoma, Justiniano; Rojas-Ayala, Chachi; Pena-Rodriguez, Victor A.; Baggio-Saitovitch, Elisa
Source:
RSC ADVANCES, 6 (7):5367-5376; 10.1039/c5ra21093c 2016
Abstract:
The effect of mechanical milling in i-Al64Cu23Fe13 quasicrystalline and omega-Al70Cu20Fe10 crystalline phases is systematically investigated in the present work. The Al-Cu-Fe samples were obtained by arc furnace technique and then nanostructured by means of mechanical milling. The results indicate that the solid samples present a weak ferromagnetic behavior at 300 K, showing a saturation magnetization of 0.124 emu g(-1) for the icosahedral phase (i-phase) and 0.449 emu g(-1) for the tetragonal phase (omega phase). These small values could be an indication that only a few percentage of Fe atoms carry magnetic moment. The magnetic response in the nanostructured u-phase increases up to 3.5 times higher than its corresponding solid counterpart. Whereas for the i-phase this increment is about 16 times higher. Moreover, the speed of the variation of the studied physical parameters after reducing the average grain size has been obtained from the exponent (alpha) of a power law fit of the experimental data. The values of a, corresponding to the magnetic response, are slightly different in each phase, which should be related to the different chemical composition and/or the type of long range order. Additionally, we also search for a critical grain size. However, this critical value has not been observed in the studied samples.

Update: 10-Feb-2016


Title:
Magnetic structures in TmPdIn and TmAgSn
Authors:
Baran, S; Szytula, A; Kaczorowski, D; Damay, F Author Full Names: Baran, S.; Szytula, A.; Kaczorowski, D.; Damay, F.
Source:
JOURNAL OF ALLOYS AND COMPOUNDS, 662 11-15; 10.1016/j.jallcom.2015.11.200 MAR 25 2016
Abstract:
Low temperature antiferromagnetic structures of TmPdIn and TmAgSn have been derived from powder neutron diffraction data. The magnetic structure of TmPdIn is a commensurate one and related to a propagation vector (k) over right arrow = [1/3, 1/3, 1/2] while the incommensurate sine-modulated structure of TmAgSn is connected with (k) over right arrow = [k(x), -k(x), 0] where k(x) = 0.1314(2). The thulium magnetic moments are constrained within the basal plane and show 'triangular' arrangement. Validity of obtained magnetic structures is discussed on the basis of symmetry analysis. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Title:
Mossbauer spectroscopy, magnetic, and ab-initio study of the approximant Al76Ni9Fe15 to a decagonal Al-Ni-Fe quasicrystal
Authors:
Nejadsattari, F; Stadnik, ZM; Przewoznik, J; Grushko, B Author Full Names: Nejadsattari, Farshad; Stadnik, Zbigniew M.; Przewoznik, Janusz; Grushko, Benjamin
Source:
JOURNAL OF ALLOYS AND COMPOUNDS, 662 612-620; 10.1016/j.jallcom.2015.12.115 MAR 25 2016
Abstract:
The structural, magnetic, and Mossbauer spectral properties of the approximant Al76Ni9Fe15 to a decagonal Al-Ni-Fe quasicrystal, complemented by ab-initio electronic structure and the hyperfine-interaction parameters calculations, are reported. The approximant studied crystallizes in the monoclinic space group C2/m with the lattice parameters a = 15.3898(3) angstrom, b = 8.0840(2) angstrom, c = 12.4169(2) angstrom, and beta = 107.870(2)degrees. The existence of a pseudogap in the calculated electronic density of states slightly above the Fermi level suggests electronic stabilization according to the Hume-Rothery-type mechanism. High metallicity of Al76Ni9Fe15 is predicted. Both the Mossbauer spectra and magnetic susceptibility data indicate that Al76Ni9Fe15 is a paramagnet down to 2.0 K. The presence of the distribution of the electric quadrupole splitting in the Mossbauer spectra measured in the temperature range 4.5-296.1 K is observed. The increase of the average quadrupole splitting with decreasing temperature is well described by a T-3/2 power-law relation. The Debye temperature of Al76Ni9Fe15 is found to be 431(3) K. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Title:
The Use and Abuse of Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation to Modulate Corticospinal Excitability in Humans (vol 10, e0144151, 2015)
Authors:
Heroux, ME; Taylor, JL; Gandevia, SC Author Full Names: Heroux, Martin E.; Taylor, Janet L.; Gandevia, Simon C.
Source:
PLOS ONE, 11 (1):10.1371/journal.pone.0147890 JAN 21 2016

Title:
Composition-driven spin glass to ferromagnetic transition in the quasicrystal approximant Au-Al-Gd
Authors:
Ishikawa, A; Hiroto, T; Tokiwa, K; Fujii, T; Tamura, R Author Full Names: Ishikawa, A.; Hiroto, T.; Tokiwa, K.; Fujii, T.; Tamura, R.
Source:
PHYSICAL REVIEW B, 93 (2):10.1103/PhysRevB.93.024416 JAN 21 2016
Abstract:
We investigated the composition dependence of the magnetic susceptibility of the quasicrystal approximant Au-Al-Gd. A composition-driven ferromagnetic transition is observed in a quasicrystal approximant, which is attributed to the Ruderman-Kittel-Kasuya-Yosida (RKKY) oscillation via a variation in the Fermi wave vector. The ferromagnetic transition is most simply understood as a result of the close matching of the nearest and second-nearest spin distances with the maximum positions of the RKKY potential. The present work provides an idea that allows us to tailor the magnetic order via the electron concentration in quasicrystal approximants as well as in quasicrystals.

Title:
Complex phase diagram of Ba1-xNaxFe2As2: A multitude of phases striving for the electronic entropy
Authors:
Wang, L; Hardy, F; Bohmer, AE; Wolf, T; Schweiss, P; Meingast, C Author Full Names: Wang, L.; Hardy, F.; Boehmer, A. E.; Wolf, T.; Schweiss, P.; Meingast, C.
Source:
PHYSICAL REVIEW B, 93 (1):10.1103/PhysRevB.93.014514 JAN 19 2016
Abstract:
The low-temperature electronic phase diagram of Ba1-xNaxFe2As2, obtained using high-resolution thermal-expansion and specific-heat measurements, is shown to be considerably more complex than previously reported, containing nine different phases. Besides the magnetic C-2 and reentrant C-4 phases, we find evidence for an additional, presumably magnetic, phase below the usual spin-density-wave transition, as well as a possible incommensurate magnetic phase. All these phases coexist and compete with superconductivity, which is particularly strongly suppressed by the C-4-magnetic phase due to a strong reduction of the electronic entropy available for pairing in this phase.

Title:
Use of frit-disc crucibles for routine and exploratory solution growth of single crystalline samples
Authors:
Canfield, PC; Kong, T; Kaluarachchi, US; Jo, NH Author Full Names: Canfield, Paul C.; Kong, Tai; Kaluarachchi, Udhara S.; Jo, Na Hyun
Source:
PHILOSOPHICAL MAGAZINE, 96 (1):84-92; 10.1080/14786435.2015.1122248 JAN 2 2016
Abstract:
Solution growth of single crystals from high temperature solutions often involves the separation of residual solution from the grown crystals. For many growths of intermetallic compounds, this separation has historically been achieved with the use of plugs of silica wool. Whereas this is generally efficient in a mechanical sense, it leads to a significant contamination of the decanted liquid with silica fibres. In this paper, we present a simple design for frit-disc alumina crucible sets that has made their use in the growth single crystals from high temperature solutions both simple and affordable. An alumina frit-disc allows for the clean separation of the residual liquid from the solid phase. This allows for the reuse of the decanted liquid, either for further growth of the same phase, or for subsequent growth of other, related phases. In this paper, we provide examples of the growth of isotopically substituted TbCd6 and icosahedral i-RCd quasicrystals, as well as the separation of (i) the closely related Bi2Rh3S2 and Bi2Rh3.5S2 phases and (ii) PrZn11 and Pr2Zn17.

Title:
Mn3TeO6 - a new multiferroic material with two magnetic substructures
Authors:
Zhao, L; Hu, ZW; Kuo, CY; Pi, TW; Wu, MK; Tjeng, LH; Komarek, AC Author Full Names: Zhao, Li; Hu, Zhiwei; Kuo, Chang-Yang; Pi, Tun-Wen; Wu, Maw-Kuen; Tjeng, Liu Hao; Komarek, Alexander C.
Source:
PHYSICA STATUS SOLIDI-RAPID RESEARCH LETTERS, 9 (12):730-734; 10.1002/pssr.201510347 DEC 2015
Abstract:
From magnetic susceptibility, dielectric permittivity, electric polarization and specific heat measurements we discover spin-induced ferroelectricity and magnetoelectric coupling in Mn3TeO6 and observe two successive magnetic transitions at low temperatures. A non-ferroelectric intermediate magnetic state occurs below 23 K and a multiferroic ground state emerges below 21 K. Moreover, Mn3TeO6 is a candidate for a multiferroic material where two types of incommensurate spin structures, cycloidal and helical, coexist. Theoretically, both spin substructures may contribute to the macro electric polarization via different mechanisms. This could open new ways of manipulating the ferroelectric polarization in a multiferroic material. (c) 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim

Update: 4-Feb-2016


Title:
Highly modulated structure and upconversion photoluminescence properties of PbGd2(MoO4)(4):Er3+/Yb3+ phosphors
Authors:
Lim, CS Author Full Names: Lim, Chang Sung
Source:
MATERIALS RESEARCH BULLETIN, 75 211-216; 10.1016/j.materresbull.2015.11.058 MAR 2016
Abstract:
Double molybdate of PbGd2-x(MoO4)(4):Er3+/Yb3+ phosphors with the correct doping concentrations of Er3+ and Yb3+ (x= Er3+ + Yb3+, Er3+ = 0.05, 0.1, 0.2 and Yb3+ = 0.2, 0.45) were successfully synthesized by microwave sol-gel process. The highly modulated structure and the upconversion photoluminescence properties were investigated in detail. The synthesized particles, formed after heat-treatment at 900 degrees C for 16 h, showed a well ctystallized morphology with particle sizes of 2-5 mu m. Under excitation at 980 nm, the PbGd1.7(MoO4)(4):Er(0.1)Ybo(0.2) and PbGd1.5(MoO4)(4):Er0.05Yb0.45 particles exhibited a strong 525-nm emission band, a weak 550-nm emission band in the green region, and a very weak 655-nm emission band in the red region. The Raman spectra of the doped particles indicated the disordered structures of PbGd2-x(MoO4)(4) by the incorporation of the Er3+ and Yb3+ ions into the crystal lattice, which resulted in the highly modulated structure as well as a concentration quenching effect of Er3+ ions. (C) 2015 Published by Elsevier Ltd.

Title:
Gabor frames for quasicrystals, K-theory, and twisted gap labeling
Authors:
Kreisel, M Author Full Names: Kreisel, Michael
Source:
JOURNAL OF FUNCTIONAL ANALYSIS, 270 (3):1001-1030; 10.1016/j.jfa.2015.11.011 FEB 1 2016
Abstract:
We study the connection between Gabor frames for quasicrystals, the topology of the hull of a quasicrystal A, and the K-theory of an associated twisted groupoid algebra. In particular, we construct a finitely generated projective module over this algebra, and any multiwindow Gabor frame for A can be used to construct an idempotent representing this module in K-theory. For lattice subsets in dimension two, this allows us to prove a twisted version of Bellissard's gap labeling theorem. (C) 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Title:
Observation of nonequilibrium behavior near the Lifshitz point in ferroelectrics with incommensurate phase
Authors:
Rushchanskii, KZ; Molnar, A; Bilanych, R; Yevych, R; Kohutych, A; Vysochanskii, YM; Samulionis, V; Banys, J Author Full Names: Rushchanskii, K. Z.; Molnar, A.; Bilanych, R.; Yevych, R.; Kohutych, A.; Vysochanskii, Yu. M.; Samulionis, V.; Banys, J.
Source:
PHYSICAL REVIEW B, 93 (1):10.1103/PhysRevB.93.014101 JAN 14 2016
Abstract:
We have investigated nonequilibrium properties of proper uniaxial Sn2P2(SexS1-x)(6) ferroelectrics with the type II incommensurate phase above Lifshitz point x(LP) similar to 0.28. We performed measurements of dielectric susceptibility in cooling and heating regimes with the rate ranging 0.002-0.1 K/min, as well as high-resolution ultrasound investigation and hypersound Brillouin scattering experiments. For samples with x >= 0.28 clear anomalies are observed at incommensurate second-order transition (T-i) and at first-order lock-in transition (T-c) in the regime of very slow cooling rate, whereas the intermediate incommensurate phase is not observed when the rate is faster than 0.1 K/min. In general, increasing the cooling rate leads to smearing of the anomaly at T-c. We relate this effect to cooling rate dependence of domain-wall concentration and their size: domain width decreases when cooling rate increases. At certain conditions, the size of domain is comparable to the incommensurate phase modulation period, which is in the micrometer range in the vicinity of Lifshitz point and leads to pinning of the modulation period by domain walls.

Title:
Spatial spin-modulated structure and hyperfine interactions of Fe-57 nuclei in multiferroics BiFe1-x T (x) O-3 (T = Sc, Mn; x=0, 0.05)
Authors:
Rusakov, VS; Pokatilov, VS; Sigov, AS; Matsnev, ME; Gapochka, AM; Kiseleva, TY; Komarov, AE; Shatokhin, MS; Makarova, AO Author Full Names: Rusakov, V. S.; Pokatilov, V. S.; Sigov, A. S.; Matsnev, M. E.; Gapochka, A. M.; Kiseleva, T. Yu.; Komarov, A. E.; Shatokhin, M. S.; Makarova, A. O.
Source:
PHYSICS OF THE SOLID STATE, 58 (1):102-107; 10.1134/S1063783416010261 JAN 2016
Abstract:
The results of the Mossbauer studies on Fe-57 nuclei in multiferroics BiFe1-x T (x) O-3 (T = Sc, Mn; x = 0, 0.05) in the temperature range of 5.2-300 K have been presented. The Mossbauer spectra have been analyzed in terms of the model of an incommensurate spatial spin-*modulated structure* of cycloid type. Information has been obtained about the effect of the substitution of Sc and Mn atoms for Fe atoms on the hyperfine parameters of the spectrum: the shift and the quadrupole shift of the Mossbauer line, the isotropic and anisotropic contributions to the hyperfine magnetic field, and also the parameter of anharmonicity of the spatial spin-modulated structure.

Title:
Multilayered sandwich-like architecture containing large-scale faceted Al-Cu-Fe quasicrystal grains
Authors:
Wei, DX; He, ZB Author Full Names: Wei, Dongxia; He, Zhanbing
Source:
MATERIALS CHARACTERIZATION, 111 154-161; 10.1016/j.matchar.2015.11.027 JAN 2016
Abstract:
Faceted quasicrystals are structurally special compared with traditional crystals. Although the application of faceted quasicrystals has been expected, wide-scale application has not occurred owing to the limited exposure of the facets. Using a facile method of heat treatment, we synthesize a multilayered sandwich-like structure with each layer composed of large-scale pentagonal-dodecahedra of Al-Cu-Fe quasicrystals. Moreover, there are channels between the adjacent Al-Cu-Fe layers that serve to increase the exposure of the facets of quasicrystals. Scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and X-ray diffraction are used to characterize the multilayered architecture, and the generation mechanisms of this special structure are also discussed. (C) 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Title:
Effect of applied pressure on microstructure and mechanical properties of Mg-Zn-Y quasicrystal-reinforced AZ91D magnesium matrix composites prepared by squeeze casting
Authors:
Yang, L; Hou, H; Zhao, YH; Yang, XM Author Full Names: Yang, Ling; Hou, Hua; Zhao, Yu-hong; Yang, Xiao-min
Source:
TRANSACTIONS OF NONFERROUS METALS SOCIETY OF CHINA, 25 (12):3936-3943; 10.1016/S1003-6326(15)64041-9 DEC 2015
Abstract:
The Mg-Zn-Y quasicrystal-reinforced AZ91D magnesium matrix composites were prepared by squeeze casting process. The effects of applied pressure on microstructure and mechanical properties of the composites were investigated. The results show that squeeze casting process is an effective method to refine the grain. The composites are mainly composed of alpha-Mg, beta-Mg17Al12 and Mg3Zn6Y icosahedral quasicrystal phase (I-phase). With the increase of applied pressure, the contents of beta-Mg17Al12 phase and Mg3Zn6Y quasicrystal particles increase, further matrix grain refinement occurs and coarse dendritic alpha-Mg transforms into equiaxed grain structure. The composite exhibits the maximum ultimate tensile strength and elongation of 194.3 MPa and 9.2% respectively when the applied pressure is 100 MPa, and a lot of dimples appear on the tensile fractography. Strengthening mechanisms of quasicrystal-reinforced AZ91D magnesium matrix composites are chiefly fine-grain strengthening and quasicrystal particles strengthening.

Update: 28-Jan-2016


Title:
Controlling many-body states by the electric-field effect in a two-dimensional material
Authors:
Li, LJ; O'Farrell, ECT; Loh, KP; Eda, G; Ozyilmaz, B; Neto, AHC Author Full Names: Li, L. J.; O'Farrell, E. C. T.; Loh, K. P.; Eda, G.; Ozyilmaz, B.; Neto, A. H. Castro
Source:
NATURE, 529 (7585):185-U129; 10.1038/nature16175 JAN 14 2016
Abstract:
To understand the complex physics of a system with strong electron-electron interactions, the ideal is to control and monitor its properties while tuning an external electric field applied to the system (the electric-field effect). Indeed, complete electric-field control of many-body states in strongly correlated electron systems is fundamental to the next generation of condensed matter research and devices(1-3). However, the material must be thin enough to avoid shielding of the electric field in the bulk material. Two-dimensional materials do not experience electrical screening, and their charge-carrier density can be controlled by gating. Octahedral titanium diselenide (1T-TiSe2) is a prototypical two-dimensional material that reveals a charge-density wave (CDW) and superconductivity in its phase diagram(4), presenting several similarities with other layered systems such as copper oxides(5), iron pnictides(6), and crystals of rare-earth elements and actinide atoms(7). By studying 1T-TiSe2 single crystals with thicknesses of 10 nanometres or less, encapsulated in two-dimensional layers of hexagonal boron nitride, we achieve unprecedented control over the CDW transition temperature (tuned from 170 kelvin to 40 kelvin), and over the superconductivity transition temperature (tuned from a quantum critical point at 0 kelvin up to 3 kelvin). Electrically driving TiSe2 over different ordered electronic phases allows us to study the details of the phase transitions between many-body states. Observations of periodic oscillations of magnetoresistance induced by the Little-Parks effect show that the appearance of superconductivity is directly correlated with the spatial texturing of the amplitude and phase of the superconductivity order parameter, corresponding to a two-dimensional matrix of superconductivity. We infer that this superconductivity matrix is supported by a matrix of incommensurate CDW states embedded in the commensurate CDW states. Our results show that spatially modulated electronic states are fundamental to the appearance of two-dimensional superconductivity.

Title:
Structure of periodic crystals and quasicrystals in ultrathin films of Ba-Ti-O
Authors:
Cockayne, E; Mihalkovic, M; Henley, CL Author Full Names: Cockayne, Eric; Mihalkovic, Marek; Henley, Christopher L.
Source:
PHYSICAL REVIEW B, 93 (2):10.1103/PhysRevB.93.020101 JAN 7 2016
Abstract:
We model the remarkable thin-film Ba-Ti-O structures formed by heat treatment of an initial perovskite BaTiO3 thin film on a Pt(111) surface. All structures contain a rumpled Ti-O network with all Ti threefold coordinated with O and with Ba occupying the larger. mainly Ti7O7, pores. The quasicrystal structure is a simple decoration of three types of tiles: square, triangle, and 30 degrees. rhombus, with edge lengths 6.85 angstrom, joined edge-to-edge in a quasicrystalline pattern; observed periodic crystals in ultrathin film Ba-Ti-O are built from these and other tiles. Simulated STM images reproduce the patterns seen experimentally and identify the bright protrusions as Ba atoms. The models are consistent with all experimental observations.

Title:
Ultrafast Metamorphosis of a Complex Charge-Density Wave
Authors:
Haupt, K; Eichberger, M; Erasmus, N; Rohwer, A; Demsar, J; Rossnagel, K; Schwoerer, H Author Full Names: Haupt, Kerstin; Eichberger, Maximilian; Erasmus, Nicolas; Rohwer, Andrea; Demsar, Jure; Rossnagel, Kai; Schwoerer, Heinrich
Source:
PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS, 116 (1):10.1103/PhysRevLett.116.016402 JAN 6 2016
Abstract:
Modulated phases, commensurate or incommensurate with the host crystal lattice, are ubiquitous in solids. The transition between such phases involves formation and rearrangement of domain walls and is generally slow. Using ultrafast electron diffraction, we directly record the photoinduced transformation between a nearly commensurate and an incommensurate charge-density-wave phase in 1T-TaS2. The transformation takes place on the picosecond time scale, orders of magnitude faster than previously observed for commensurate-to-incommensurate transitions. The transition speed and mechanism can be linked to the peculiar nanoscale structure of the photoexcited nearly commensurate phase.

Title:
Phase diagram of the Kondo lattice model on the kagome lattice
Authors:
Ghosh, S; Brien, PO; Henley, CL; Lawler, MJ Author Full Names: Ghosh, Shivam; Brien, Patrick O'; Henley, Christopher L.; Lawler, Michael J.
Source:
PHYSICAL REVIEW B, 93 (2):10.1103/PhysRevB.93.024401 JAN 4 2016
Abstract:
We consider the potential for novel forms of magnetism arising from the subtle interplay between electrons and spins in the underscreened kagome Kondo lattice model. At weak coupling, we show that incommensurate noncoplanar multiwave vector magnetic orders arise at nearly all fillings and that this results from Fermi surface effects that introduce competing interactions between the spins. At strong coupling, we find that such a complex order survives near half filling despite the presence of ferromagnetism at all other fillings. We show this arises due to state selection among a massive degeneracy of states at infinite coupling. Finally, we show that at intermediate filling only commensurate orders seem to survive, but these orders still include noncoplanar magnetism. So, the mere presence of both local moments and itinerant electrons enables complex orders to form unlike any currently observed in kagome materials.

Title:
Incommensurate to commensurate antiferromagnetism in CeRhAl4Si2: An Al-27 NMR study
Authors:
Sakai, H; Hattori, T; Tokunaga, Y; Kambe, S; Ghimire, NJ; Ronning, F; Bauer, ED; Thompson, JD Author Full Names: Sakai, H.; Hattori, T.; Tokunaga, Y.; Kambe, S.; Ghimire, N. J.; Ronning, F.; Bauer, E. D.; Thompson, J. D.
Source:
PHYSICAL REVIEW B, 93 (1):10.1103/PhysRevB.93.014402 JAN 4 2016
Abstract:
Al-27 nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) experiments have been performed on a single crystal of CeRhAl4Si2, which is an antiferromagnetic Kondo-lattice compound with successive antiferromagnetic transitions of T-N1 = 14 K and T-N2 = 9 K at zero external field. In the paramagnetic state, the Knight shifts, quadrupolar frequency, and asymmetric parameter of electrical field gradient on the Al sites have been determined, which have local orthorhombic symmetry. The transferred hyperfine coupling constants are also determined. Analysis of the NMR spectra indicates that a commensurate antiferromagnetic structure exists below T-N2, but an incommensurate modulation of antiferromagnetic moments is present in the antiferromagnetic state between T-N1 and T-N2. The spin-lattice relaxation rate suggests that the 4 f electrons behave as local moments at temperatures above T-N1.

Title:
Trapping of Oxygen Vacancies at Crystallographic Shear Planes in Acceptor-Doped Pb-Based Ferroelectrics
Authors:
Batuk, D; Batuk, M; Tsirlin, AA; Hadermann, J; Abakumov, AM Author Full Names: Batuk, Dmitry; Batuk, Maria; Tsirlin, Alexander A.; Hadermann, Joke; Abakumov, Artem M.
Source:
ANGEWANDTE CHEMIE-INTERNATIONAL EDITION, 54 (49):14787-14790; 10.1002/anie.201507729 DEC 1 2015
Abstract:
The defect chemistry of the ferroelectric material PbTiO3 after doping with Fe-III acceptor ions is reported. Using advanced transmission electron microscopy and powder X-ray and neutron diffraction, we demonstrate that even at concentrations as low as circa 1.7% (material composition approximately ABO(2.95)), the oxygen vacancies are trapped into extended planar defects, specifically crystallographic shear planes. We investigate the evolution of these defects upon doping and unravel their detailed atomic structure using the formalism of superspace crystallography, thus unveiling their role in nonstoichiometry in the Pb-based perovskites.

Update: 14-Jan-2016


Title:
Dislocations in icosahedral quasicrystalline phase embedded in hot-deformed Mg alloys
Authors:
Huang, H; Tian, Y; Yuan, GY; Chen, CL; Wang, ZC; Ding, WJ; Inoue, A Author Full Names: Huang, Hua; Tian, Yuan; Yuan, Guangyin; Chen, Chunlin; Wang, Zhongchang; Ding, Wenjiang; Inoue, Akihisa
Source:
JOURNAL OF ALLOYS AND COMPOUNDS, 658 483-487; 10.1016/j.jallcom.2015.10.284 FEB 15 2016
Abstract:
We perform a systematic structural investigation of the I-phase particles embedded in Mg matrix in I-phase-reinforced Mg-3.5Zn-0.6Gd alloy and offer evidence to the presence of dislocations in the I-phase particles. Such dislocations are found to be formed on the (0001) plane of Mg matrix, which is attributed to their slipping into the 5-fold and 2-fold planes of I-phase particles. We also discuss how deformation conditions of wrought Mg alloys affect the deformation behaviors of the I-phase and how deformation behavior of I-phase affect the mechanical properties of wrought Mg alloys. The bonding between the I-phase and Mg matrix was also confirmed to be strong. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Title:
Microstructures and phase transformations in as-aged Mn2.04NiGa Heusler alloy
Authors:
Du, ZW; Han, XL; Li, T; Liu, EK; Ma, XD; Xiong, JC; Wu, GH Author Full Names: Du, Z. W.; Han, X. L.; Li, T.; Liu, E. K.; Ma, X. D.; Xiong, J. C.; Wu, G. H.
Source:
JOURNAL OF ALLOYS AND COMPOUNDS, 657 443-449; 10.1016/j.jallcom.2015.10.111 FEB 5 2016
Abstract:
The room-temperature microstructures and phase transformation of Mn2.04NiGa alloy were investigated by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), electron backscattered diffraction (EBSD) and high-angle annular dark field scanning-TEM (HAADF-STEM). The Mn2.04NiGa alloy annealed at 1073 K for 72 h is mainly austenite phase with Hg2CuTi-type structure. After 623 K/72 h ageing, nano-scaled MnNiGa precipitates considered as Ni2In-type hexagonal structure were found by TEM. A crystalline orientation relationship between precipitates and austensite can be described by ((22) over bar4)(A)//(0 (1) over bar 10)(H), [1 (1) over bar0](A)//[2 (11) over bar0](H). These precipitates are accompanying with Mn-rich martensite lamellae. Both non-modulated and nearly 16-layered modulated structures are generally in coexistence in one martensite lath. A crystalline orientation relationship between the ageing-induced martensite and austenite is (111)(A)//(110)(M), [011](A)//[1 (1) over bar2]M. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Title:
Origin of modulated phases and magnetic hysteresis in TmB4
Authors:
Wierschem, K; Sunku, SS; Kong, T; Ito, T; Canfield, PC; Panagopoulos, C; Sengupta, P Author Full Names: Wierschem, Keola; Sunku, Sai Swaroop; Kong, Tai; Ito, Toshimitsu; Canfield, Paul C.; Panagopoulos, Christos; Sengupta, Pinaki
Source:
PHYSICAL REVIEW B, 92 (21):10.1103/PhysRevB.92.214433 DEC 23 2015
Abstract:
We investigate the low-temperature magnetic phases in TmB4, a metallic quantum magnet on the geometrically frustrated Shastry-Sutherland lattice, using coordinated experimental and theoretical studies. Our results provide an explanation for the appearance of the intriguing fractional plateau in TmB4 and accompanying magnetic hysteresis. Together with observation of the bump in the half plateau, our results support the picture that the magnetization plateau structure in TmB4 is strongly influenced by the zero-field modulated phases. We present a phenomenological model to explain the appearance of the modulated phases and a microscopic Hamiltonian that captures the complete magnetic behavior of TmB4.

Update: 7-Jan-2016


Title:
Magnetic properties and complex magnetic phase diagram in non-centrosymmetric EuRhGe3 and EuIrGe3 single crystals
Authors:
Maurya, A; Bonville, P; Kulkarni, R; Thamizhavel, A; Dhar, SK Author Full Names: Maurya, Arvind; Bonville, P.; Kulkarni, R.; Thamizhavel, A.; Dhar, S. K.
Source:
JOURNAL OF MAGNETISM AND MAGNETIC MATERIALS, 401 823-831; 10.1016/j.jmmm.2015.10.134 MAR 1 2016
Abstract:
We report the magnetic properties of two Eu based compounds, single crystalline EuIrGe3 and EuRhGe3, inferred from magnetisation, electrical transport, heat capacity and Eu-151 Mossbauer spectroscopy. These previously known compounds crystallise in the non-centrosymmetric, tetragonal, I4 mm, BaNiSn3-type structure. Single crystals of EuIrGe3 and EuRhGe3 were grown using a high temperature solution growth method using In as flux. EuIrGe3 exhibits two magnetic transition temperatures T-N1 = 12.4 K, and T(N)2 = 7.3 K, whereas EuRhGe3 presents a single one at T-N = 12K. Eu-151 Mossbauer spectra show evidence for a cascade of transitions from paramagnetic to incommensurate amplitude modulated followed by an equal moment phase at lower temperature in EuIrGe3. This latter phase alone occurs in EuRhGe3. In both compounds, the magnetisation measured up to 14 T suggests that the equal moment magnetic phase has a spiral spin arrangement. The field induced reorientations are also well documented in the magnetotransport data. A superzone gap is observed for the current density J vertical bar vertical bar [001], which is enhanced by a transverse magnetic field. The magnetic phase diagram constructed from all the data is complex, revealing the presence of many phases in the H - T space. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Title:
Structural and magnetic phase transitions in CeCu6-xT(x) (T = Ag, Pd)
Authors:
Poudel, L; de la Cruz, C; Payzant, EA; May, AF; Koehler, M; Garlea, VO; Taylor, AE; Parker, DS; Cao, HB; McGuire, MA; Tian, W; Matsuda, M; Jeen, H; Lee, HN; Hong, T; Calder, S; Zhou, HD; Lumsden, MD; Keppens, V; Mandrus, D; Christianson, AD Author Full Names: Poudel, L.; de la Cruz, C.; Payzant, E. A.; May, A. F.; Koehler, M.; Garlea, V. O.; Taylor, A. E.; Parker, D. S.; Cao, H. B.; McGuire, M. A.; Tian, W.; Matsuda, M.; Jeen, H.; Lee, H. N.; Hong, T.; Calder, S.; Zhou, H. D.; Lumsden, M. D.; Keppens, V.; Mandrus, D.; Christianson, A. D.
Source:
PHYSICAL REVIEW B, 92 (21):10.1103/PhysRevB.92.214421 DEC 15 2015
Abstract:
The structural and the magnetic properties of CeCu6-xAgx(0 <= x <= 0.85) and CeCu6-xPdx (0 <= x <= 0.4) have been studied using neutron diffraction, resonant ultrasound spectroscopy (RUS), x-ray diffraction measurements, and first principles calculations. The structural and magnetic phase diagrams of CeCu6-xAgx and CeCu6-xPdx as a function of Ag/Pd composition are reported. The end member, CeCu6, undergoes a structural phase transition from an orthorhombic (Pnma) to a monoclinic (P2(1)/c) phase at 240 K. In CeCu6-xAgx, the structural phase transition temperature (T-s) decreases linearly with Ag concentration and extrapolates to zero at x(S) approximate to 0.1. The structural transition in CeCu6-xPd (x) remains unperturbed with Pd substitution within the range of our study. The lattice constant b slightly decreases with Ag/Pd doping, whereas a and c increase with an overall increase in the unit cell volume. Both systems, CeCu6-xAgx and CeCu6-xPdx, exhibit a magnetic quantum critical point (QCP), at x approximate to 0.2 and x approximate to 0.05, respectively. Near the QCP, long range antiferromagnetic ordering takes place at an incommensurate wave vector (delta(1) 0 delta(2)), where delta(1) similar to 0.62, delta 2 similar to 0.25, x = 0.125 for CeCu6-xPdx and delta(1) similar to 0.64, delta(2) similar to 0.3, x = 0.3 for CeCu6-xAgx. The magnetic structure consists of an amplitude modulation of the Ce moments which are aligned along the c axis of the orthorhombic unit cell.

Title:
Overcoming magnetic frustration and promoting half-metallicity in spinel CoCr2O4 by doping with Fe
Authors:
Ganguly, S; Chimata, R; Sanyal, B Author Full Names: Ganguly, Shreemoyee; Chimata, Raghuveer; Sanyal, Biplab
Source:
PHYSICAL REVIEW B, 92 (22):10.1103/PhysRevB.92.224417 DEC 14 2015
Abstract:
In this paper, we present a systematic study of the effects of Fe doping on the electronic and magnetic structures of spinel CoCr2O4 by ab initio density functional theory and atomistic spin dynamics calculations. Our calculated magnetic structure for pristine CoCr2O4 correctly reproduces the experimental one with a q-vector of (0.67, 0.67,0.0), establishing the accuracy of the calculated interatomic exchange interactions. We show that the noncollinear spin structure with a nonzero q-vector in the spinel structure is driven towards collinearity by Fe doping by a complex interplay between interatomic exchange interactions. In the inverse spinel structure with 100% Fe doping, a collinear antiferromagnetic order develops along with a half-metallic electronic structure, which evolves due to the chemical disorder between Fe and Co in the B sites described by the coherent potential approximation. This is a comprehensive theoretical study to understand the evolution of magnetic and electronic properties of multiferroic CoCr2O4 doped with Fe.


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